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Full text of "Annual Report of the Adjutant General, year ending December 31, 1903"

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PUBLIC DOCUMENT .... .... No. 7. 



ANNUAL REPORT 



OP THE 



ADJUTANT GENERAL 



OF THE 



€0mm0ttfomltjj d iiassatjntsttts 



Year ending December 31, 1903. 



> »3 >\ 



BOSTON : 

WRIGHT & POTTER PRINTING CO., STATE PRINTERS, 

18 Post Office Square. 

1904. 



STATE LIB! 

STATE HOUSE, BOSTON 

MAY 2? 1904 






Approved by 
The State Board of Publication. 



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a 

ANNUAL REPORT. 



COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS, 

Adjutant General's Office, Boston, Dec. 31, 1903. 
To His Excellency Governor John L. Bates. 

Governor : — I have the honor to submit the annual 
report of this department for the year 1903. 

Militia. 

The organization remains the same as last reported. The 
Legislature having authorized the Commander-in-Chief to 
reorganize under the national militia bill, this is receiving 
attention by Your Excellency. 

The militia is in good condition, as shown by the per- 
formance of ordered duty. I believe the largest percentage 
of attendance has been reached this year, and with it a good 
performance of duty. The camp duty was well performed, 
the annual drill being held in Boston on June 25, attending 
the dedication of the monument to Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker. 
The promptness with which each command reported, its 
soldierly bearing, strict attention to duty, lack of stragglers 
and general excellence, entitle the whole force to words of 
commendation. It is a pleasure to me to look back upon 
the year's work of the troops of this Commonwealth. While 
there is much yet to be done, officers and men, I feel, are 
entitled to praise, and will, I am assured, continue in well- 
doing. For a detailed report of the duties performed during 
the year I refer you to the report of the Inspector General. 

During the year the two vacancies of companies in the 
Fifth and Eighth regiments have been filled by the admission 
of a company at Hingham, to be known as Company K, 
Fifth Infantry, and a company in Boston, to be known as 
Company A, Eighth Infantry. The militia now has its full 



4 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

complement allowed by law, and all commands are well 
recruited as to numbers and have performed the duties re- 
quired by law. 

Tours of Duty. 

All organizations of the militia performed their camp and 
annual drill duty in accordance with requirements of the 
militia law. 

The First Brigade, with the exception of the First Regi- 
ment of Heavy Artillery, and the Second Brigade, with the 
exception of the Fifth Infantry, performed its camp duty at 
the State camp ground, South Framingham. The First 
Brigade performed its annual drill at the same time, while 
the Second Brigade performed its annual drill in Boston, 
June 25. 

The First Regiment of Heavy Artillery performed its 
annual drill in Boston on June 25, and its camp duty at 
Portland in the combined army and navy manoeuvres. 

The Naval Brigade performed its annual drill in Boston, 
June 25, and its camp duty on board vessels of the United 
States Navy at the combined manoeuvres of the army and 
navy at Portland. 

Both of these commands received generous praise from 
the army and navv officers in command for an excellent and 
intelligent performance of duty. 

The Fifth Infantry performed its duties of annual drill on 
June 25, and its camp duty at Duxbury. 

The First Corps of Cadets performed its camp and annual 
drill at Hingham on camp ground owned by the corps, and 
volunteered its seiwices without pay for June 25 in Boston. 

The Second Corps of Cadets performed its annual drill in 
Boston on June 25, and its camp duty at Boxford on its own 
camp ground. 

Several details have been made for funerals of deceased 
officers and men of the militia during the year. 

Troop A, Cavalry, acted as escort to Your Excellency on 
your annual visit to Harvard College. 

A magazine explosion took place at Lowell on July 29, 
and the following companies were precepted by His Honor 
the mayor of LoavoII : companies C and G, Sixth Infantry, 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 5 

and Company M, Ninth Infantry. These companies re- 
ported promptly, and were made into a provisional battalion, 
under Capt. William Fairweather of the Sixth Infantry, and 
were credited with performing excellent duty in rescuing 
the injured and guarding property. They were relieved on 
August 3, and returned to their home stations. I visited 
the troops on duty and found them properly rationed and 
under excellent discipline, and the citizens of Lowell ex- 
pressed their appreciation of the duty. As appropriations 
are not provided by law for such duties, the city of Lowell 
will probably put in a bill of expenditures to the State. 
The pay rolls are in the hands of the Auditor, and await an 
appropriation for payment amounting to $2,410.68. 

Heavy Artillery. 

The First Regiment has continued this work, and the 
army manoeuvres have given the officers and men an oppor- 
tunity to become familiar with all new modern coast artillery. 
When reorganization is accomplished, I recommend that this 
regiment be formed in accordance with the Coast Artillery 
of the United States Army. 

An appropriation of $1,500 for equipment was author- 
ized by the Legislature, and with an unexpended balance 
amounted to $2,015.50. Of this sum, $400 has been ex- 
pended. 

An appropriation of $406 for paying bills contracted the 
previous year at the army manoeuvres on Massachusetts and 
Rhode Island coasts was made. Bills have been paid to the 
amount of $292. 

Active Militia. 

The force now allowed by law is 485 officers and 6,116 
enlisted men, being an increase of 1 commissioned officer 
and 1 enlisted man. 

Enrolled Militia. 
Returns from cities and towns show, with three towns 
estimated, the number of enrolled militia to be 495,060, — 
an increase of 27,782 over previous year. 



6 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Rifle Practice. 

This department has been vigorously conducted by the 
Inspector General of Rifle Practice, with good results. 

The appropriation for rifle practice was $20,000. Of this 
amount, there has been expended $20,000. 

There was appropriated $2,000 for the purpose of sending 
a team to Sea Girt, N. J. Of this amount, there has been 
expended $2,000. The Inspector General of Rifle Practice 
reports a deficit. 

Armories. 

The armories remain the same as last year, with the excep- 
tion of Cambridge and Somerville, which have completed 
new armories under the armory law, and troops are now 
quartered in them. 

The new armory in New Bedford will be completed about 
Jan. 1, 1904, and the troops in that city will be moved in 
as soon as the armory is turned over to this department. 

Furniture and equipment have been furnished by this office 
to the armories in Cambridge and Somerville, and have been 
ordered for the New Bedford Armory. 

Better armories are being provided in a majority of the 
cities and towns. A few do not comply with the law, and 
rents have been reduced. 

Everett has completed a new armoiy, built by the city, 
and Company B, Eighth Infantry, occupied it March 1, 
1903. 

The armories erected in Boston, Springfield, Worcester, 
Lynn, Fitchburg, Fall River, Lowell, Lawrence, Cam- 
bridge, New Bedford and Somerville are generally in good 
condition, but constant repairs are required. 

The amount appropriated for the care, furnishing, heating, 
lighting and janitors for the above armories was $35,000. 
Of this amount, $34,242.18 had been expended up to 
December 15, and a sufficient amount is available to pay 
salaries of janitors and lighting bills. 

The amount appropriated for armory rents was $38,000. 
Of this amount, schedules have been forwarded to the Auditor 
for payment amounting to $37,425.02. 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 7 

Adjutant General's Department. 

All money accounts received, excepting those due Jan. 1, 
1904, have been certified to the Auditor. 

There has been expended for pay and transportation, 
boards of officers and office salaries and direct expenses of 
the militia, $187,030.31. 

There remains in the various appropriations unexpended 
the sum of $5,677.79, which is not available for deficiencies. 

I regret to report deficiencies in military bounty, occa- 
sioned by the large attendance of troops at ordered duties. 
The appropriation of $150,000 is based on 94 per cent, of 
attendance. This year several organizations reached 100 
per cent., and the average attendance was the largest I have 
ever known. 

A small deficiency will be reported in military accounts 
for quartermasters' supplies and quartermasters' incidentals, 
occasioned by troops taking part in army and navy ma- 
noeuvres, and the extra expense of the Fifth Infantry camp 
at Duxbury and First Heavy Artillery at Portland. 

I am unable to give the amount of deficiencies, as all bills 
are not received. 

The appropriation for janitor allowance was $7,000. Of 
this amount, $6,632.63 has been expended. 

The appropriation for allowance for repairs to uniforms 
was $9,000. Of this amount, there has been paid to com- 
panies, based on the average attendance at duties, the sum 
of $8,983.09. 

Estimated amount paid out for the war record work, 
postage and printing is $2,400. 

The sum of $4,000 was appropriated for riding. Of this 
amount, $3,394.10 has been paid to officers on certified 
bills. 

There is standing to the credit of the Commonwealth at 
Washington, of the appropriations for arming and equipping 
the militia, the sum of $101,313.36, and $44,247.84 out of 
extra appropriations under act of March 3, 1903. It is the 
policy of the department to hold this, to be used in provid- 
ing new uniforms for the militia when the War Department 



8 ADJUTANT GENEEAL'S KEPOET. [Jan. 

is ready to furnish the same. I am informed by the Quarter- 
master General of the army that they cannot be furnished 
inside of one year, and will not be until the supply of cloth- 
ing now on hand is exhausted. 

There is standing to the credit of the Commonwealth at 
Washington the sum of $6,160.88, for arming and equip- 
ping the naval militia. 

The amount appropriated for the care of the United States 
steamer "Inca" was $1,200. Of this amount, there has 
been expended $1,185.73. 

The work authorized by the Legislature for the preserva- 
tion of the records in this office has progressed as rapidly as 
the clerical force of the office will permit. From consulta- 
tion in the interests of historians, municipal authorities and 
patriotic societies, these records have been handled, and 
have become so worn as to necessitate rebinding, in order 
to preserve the same and to secure leaves which have 
become detached and liable to loss. During this year 
seventy volumes have been restitched and prepared for 
binding, and about ninety volumes needing repairs will 
receive attention as soon as may be, and in addition some 
fifty volumes of correspondence on Shipman's files should 
receive attention. It should be remembered that these 
records date from 1780, and as years go by become more 
and more valuable to the Commonwealth as a matter of 
history, and are matters of vital importance to the public. 

The amount appropriated, with balance on hand, was 
$2,500. Of this amount, $133.75 has been expended, the 
balance will be expended under contracts made, and an 
appropriation of $500 will be required. 

The work of rewriting and arranging war records has 
progressed under supervision of this department, controlled 
by a commission which will make full report. 

Acting under a resolve of the Legislature, 7,000 testi- 
monials to officers and men who served in the Spanish war 
have been prepared, and are partially delivered. The appro- 
priation for this work was $2,500, of which $2,319.80 has 
been expended. A small appropriation will be required to 
close up the work. 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 9 

The amount appropriated for printing the annual report 
of this office was $1,100. Of this amount, there was ex- 
pended $888.21. 

Acting under a resolve of the Legislature requiring the 
Adjutant General to report to the Legislature in January 
the number and names of officers and men of the war of the 
rebellion who had never received a bounty, the Eesolve was 
printed in forty-four newspapers over the State. Several 
letters have been received, and will be reported, as required, 
Jan. 23, 1904. The amount appropriated for this work was 
$2,000. Of this amount, $1,236.61 has been expended in 
publications in newspapers and clerical work. The balance 
of the appropriation will be paid out in salaries and expenses 
to Jan. 23, 1904, the date the report is to be made to the 
Legislature. 

Quartermaster's Department. 

All troops at camps were rationed under the supervision 
of the Commissary General in a most efficient manner. 
Details of the same will be found in the report of the Com- 
missary General. 

The usual repairs to buildings on the camp ground have 
been made, and paid for out of the appropriation of $1,000, 
of which $949 has been expended. 

The amount received from sales of condemned military 
property was, with balance on hand, $1,947.34. Of this 
amount, $1,934.74 has been expended in repairs. 

The camp ground is in good condition, but not large 
enough for manoeuvres, as now required, neither are the 
camps hired for regimental camps outside the State reserva- 
tion. If a large tract of land can be procured, at a reason- 
able expense, I think it worthy of consideration ; and, if it 
can be procured, it should be used without buildings thereon, 
troops to camp on that ground, and do all the work of polic- 
ing camp, erecting latrines and other incidental camp prepa- 
ration. Such a ground would give ample facilities for 
manoeuvres and extended order work. The State arsenal 
could be transferred to Boston, saving considerable expense, 
and the proceeds of the sale of the buildings and grounds 
could be applied to the new camp ground. 



10 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S EEPOKT. [Jan. 

I believe the troops .should be equipped as soon as possible 
with the new United States regulation uniform. They could 
be purchased of the Quartermaster General of the United 
States Army now, if that department was ready to deliver 
on requisition. 

I would recommend that the blue uniform be kept when 
issued for full dress, and the field uniform be of army pattern 
of woolen, as prescribed and used for drills. 

During the year new magazine rifles have been received, 
and will be issued early in January. It was thought best 
to continue the years rifle practice with the Springfield 
rifle, and at its close issue the magazine gun. 

The gray belts received from the Quartermaster General, 
U. S. A., are now obsolete, as a new one has been adopted, 
and will be issued as soon as received. I recommend that 
the troops for the present continue the blue web belt now 
in use , awaiting the issue of new blue and gray belts by the 
government. 

In time the new service uniform overcoat should be sup- 
plied, and the issue of blue overcoats be discontinued. 

The division of the 32,000,000 appropriation, in addition 
to the yearly allotment, will undoubtedly aid in equipping 
the militia under the new orders governing: military uniforms. 

The work in this office has grown rapidly ; the care of 
twelve armories and numerous duties added yearly require 
additional help ; and I recommend that an additional clerk 
be allowed, for keeping accounts of appropriations and of 
the new armories. 

I desire to express to you my thanks for your uniform 
courtesy and good advice in all matters pertaining to this 
department. 

Respectfully submitted, 

SAMUEL DALTOX, 

Adjutant General. 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 11 



REPORT OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL. 



Inspector General's Department, 

Boston, Mass., Dec. 15, 1903. 

Brig. Gen. Samuel Dalton, Adjutant General. 

Sir : — I have the honor to submit the annual report of this 
department for the year 1903. 

The following changes in the personnel of this department have 
taken place: Lieut. Col. James T. Soutter, A. I. G., Lieut. Col. 
Henry L. Williams, A. I. G., and Lieut. Col. Arthur B. Denny, 
A. I. G., resigned Jan. 8, 1903 ; and Lieut. Col. Walter C. Hagar, 
A. I. G., Lieut. Col. John Perrins, Jr., A. I. G., and Lieut. Col. 
Frederick B. Carpenter, A. I. G., were appointed to fill the 
vacancies Jan. 8, 1903. 

The following assignments of the inspecting officers were made 
to the several organizations : — 

Armory Inspections. 

The Inspector General to the Ninth Regiment of Infantry ; 
Lieut. Col. Geo. H. Benyon, A. I. G., to the First Regiment Heavy 
Artillery, First Battalion Light Artillery and Light Battery A ; 
Lieut. Col. Walter C. Hagar, A. I. G., to the Sixth Regiment 
Infantry and Second Corps Cadets ; Lieut. Col. Edward J. Gihon, 
A. I. G., to the First Brigade headquarters, Second Regiment 
Infantry and the Signal Corps ; Lieut. Col. Paul R. Hawkins, 
A. I. G., to the Fifth Regiment Infantry and First Corps Cadets ; 
Lieut. Col. John Perrins, Jr., A. I. G., to the Naval Brigade, First 
Battalion Cavalry, Troop F, Cavalry, and the Ambulance Corps ; 
Lieut. Col. Frederick B. Carpenter, A. I. G., to the Second Brigade 
headquarters and the Eighth Regiment Infantry. 

Camp Inspections. 

The Inspector General to the First and Second Brigade head- 
quarters, Signal and Ambulance Corps ; Lieut. Col. Geo. H. Ben- 
yon, A. I. G., to the First Regiment Heavy Artillery, Eighth 
Regiment Infantry, First Battalion Light Artillery, Light Battery 
A and Troop F, Cavalry; Lieut. Col. Walter C. Hagar, A. I. G., 



12 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

to the Sixth Regiment Infantry and Second Corps Cadets ; Lieut. 
Col. Edward J. Gihon, A. I. G., to the Second, Fifth and Ninth 
regiments Infantry; Lieut. Col. Paul R. Hawkins, A. I. G., to 
the First Corps Cadets; Lieut. Col. John Perrins, Jr., A. I. G., 
to the Naval Brigade and First Battalion Cavalry ; Lieut. Col. 
Frederick B. Carpenter, A. I. G., to guards and sentinels, and 
assistant to Brig. Gen. F. W. Wellington, Commissary General. 
Maj. H. P. Ballard, A. I. G., Second Brigade staff, and Maj. 
Arthur L. Spring, A. I. G., First Brigade staff, were detailed for 
service in the department during the Hooker Day parade, June 25, 
1903, and performed such duties as were assigned them in a prompt 
and satisfactory manner. 

United States Government Inspections. 

The special inspections of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, 
made under orders from the War Department, were conducted by 
Maj. R. A. Patterson, A. C, U. S. A., Capt. James A. Shipton, 
A. C, U. S. A., and Lloyd England, A. C, U. S. A. Officers 
of this department were detailed to accompany them, with orders 
to extend every courtesy, and to aid them in the work whenever 
possible. 

The work of this department has been increased the past year. 
The inspecting officers made 171 inspections, were on duty 6,877 
hours, and travelled 25,012 miles in the performance of their duty ; 
917 letters were written and 745 received. 

The militia has made good progress during the past year, and 
several of the organizations are in a high state of efficiency, yet 
there is much to be desired. 

The personnel of officers and men is excellent, and care must be 
taken to preserve it ; to that end, more theoretical instruction 
should be given, that officers and men may become interested in 
the work. Less attention should be given to parades and reviews, 
and more to the duties of the soldier, guard duty and practical 
field work. Brigade and regimental commanders should hold 
schools for officers at frequent intervals, and the attendance of 
officers be made obligatory. Regular army officers should be 
invited to prepare and read papers at these meetings. Company 
commanders should assemble their non-commissioned officers for 
instruction at least once a week. 

All headquarters and companies should be furnished with books 
of instruction, such as the United States Drill Regulations, Wag- 
ner's Security and Information, Army Examiner, Customs of the 
Service, Manual of Court Martial, Manual of Field Engineering, 
Quartermaster, Paymaster and Subsistence Manuals, and such 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 13 

others as may be deemed advisable ; these to be paid for by the 
State, and carried on the property book. 

I am of the opinion that the time has arrived when the militia 
should be reorganized on geographical lines. We have regiments 
with some of their companies seventy-five miles apart, and in 
different counties. There are country companies representing 
three different regiments and two brigades in a radius of nine 
miles. The armory at Lowell contains two companies of the Sixth 
and one of the Ninth ; the one at Worcester, two companies of the 
Second and one of the Ninth ; at Cambridge, one company each 
of the First, Fifth and Eighth. Much better results could be 
obtained if the companies were concentrated by battalions, enabling 
them to meet often for battalion drills, and be under the immediate 
supervision of their field officers. I am sure it would result in 
better attendance at drills, be a saving to the State in mileage and 
expenses, and, throwing aside all political bias and old associations, 
would be of the greatest benefit to the militia. 

The mobilization of the entire militia in Boston, June 25, on the 
occasion of the dedication of the statue of Maj. Gen. Joseph 
Hooker, gave the citizens an excellent opportunity of witnessing 
the work of the State troops. 

In this connection, permit me to say that never in the history of 
the Commonwealth has the entire State militia passed in review 
before the Commander-in-Chief with such soldierly bearing, per- 
fect alignments, proper cadence, and so thoroughly armed and 
equipped as it did on this occasion. The State has every reason 
to be proud of the efficiency displayed by its citizen soldiers. 

First Brigade. 

The tour of camp duty and annual drill of the First Brigade was 
performed at South Framingham, June 20 to 27 inclusive ; June 
20 was considered as the annual drill. 

The arrangement of the camp was excellent. Owing to the 
weather conditions, the best, results from drills and ceremonies 
could not be obtained. It was extremely cold for the time of year, 
and rained some part of every day but two. 

General Mathews and staff continued the good work of last 
year. The Assistant Adjutant General and Quartermaster, both 
new to their positions, did their work like veterans, and are entitled 
to much credit. 

The sanitary arrangements were satisfactory, and received the 
careful oversight of the medical officers. A non-commissioned 
officer was appointed in each organization as an acting sanitary 
officer, who was held responsible for the care of quarters. As far 



14 ADJUTANT GENERALS REPORT. [Jan. 

as observed by the officers of this department, the innovation 
seemed to be a success, with greater possibilities for the future. 

It was feared that the cold, rainy weather would breed much 
sickness, but such was not the case. An average of only 5| men 
were sick in quarters, If in regimental hospital, and but 3 cases 
were treated in the brigade hospital. 

The commissary department was ably conducted by General 
Wellington and his assistants. 

The attendance was excellent in all the organizations excepting 
in the Sixth Infantry. 

Guard duty showed further improvement over last year, yet it 
was far below what it should be. As usual the new and green men 
were placed on the important posts, and in several instances made 
an exhibition of themselves. 

Roll calls were well attended, but a decided lack of uniformity 
in dress was noticed. Smoking by both officers and men was 
noted. Setting-up drill was well executed by most of the com- 
panies, but a few company commanders evidently do not realize 
the importance of the drill. Military courtesy was generally satis- 
factory. Ball games were indulged in on the field during cere- 
monies, directly in violation of orders of the brigade commander. 
Ceremonies as a rule were well performed. 

Church services were held in the Second and Sixth regiments on 
Sunday, and were well attended. 

The mounted arm performed a very fair tour of duty. The 
batteries were poorly horsed, and had but three real drills during 
the week. One cavalry and two battery horses either were killed 
or died during the tour of duty. 

The organizations composing the brigade were inspected, under 
the provision of the Dick bill, in camp instead of at their home 
stations. 

Capt. J. H. Shipton, A. C, U. S. A., inspected the Second 
Regiment Infantry and First Battalion Light Artillery ; Capt. 
Lloyd England, A. C, U. S. A., the Sixth Infantry, Troop F and 
the Signal Corps. An officer of this department was present at 
each inspection, but by your direction no report was made. 

Lieut. Gen. Nelson A. Miles, U. S. A., accompanied by his 
military secretary, Colonel Reber, visited the camp on Tuesday, 
and was tendered a review by General Mathews. General Miles's 
staff for this occasion consisted of the Inspector General, Colonel 
Reber, Lieutenant Colonels Benyon, Hagar, Gihon and Carpenter, 
and Captains Shipton and England. 

The brigade made a very satisfactory passage, the only criticisms 
made being for a few faulty distances, alignments and salutes. 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 15 

Maj. Gen. Daniel E. Sickles arrived in camp at 4.30 o'clock the 
same afternoon, and remained in camp over night. Both generals 
received the proper artillery salute. General Sickles was ten- 
dered a review on Wednesday, but it had to be abandoned, owing 
to the rain. 

The passage in review before the Commander-in-Chief on Friday 
was generally satisfactory, with the exception of ragged salutes 
and improper distances. 

On the occasion of the dedication of the statue of Maj. Gen. 
Joseph Hooker in Boston, Thursday, June 25, the brigade per- 
formed a magnificent tour of duty, and made a record of which it 
may well be proud. 

Some two thousand men and two hundred horses were moved to 
Boston after breakfast and returned to camp before supper, with- 
out delays, accidents or mishaps of any kind, excepting the loss 
of one horse in the artillery. The officers, and especially Captain 
Wood, the quartermaster, are entitled to much credit for the very 
able manner in which the details for this undertaking were worked 
out and executed. 

Four trains, consisting of forty day coaches, fourteen baggage 
cars and nine flat cars, were used in transporting the brigade. 
The troop entrained properly and quickly, and the trains ran in 
ten-minute intervals. The troops were detrained at the Hunting- 
ton Avenue yard, in the rear of the Mechanics building, Boston, 
marched quickly to their station in line, and paraded over the 
entire route with excellent alignments, cadences and deportment. 

One ration was carried by each man, which was eaten before the 
procession moved, after which the streets were carefully and prop- 
erly policed. After the parade the brigade entrained at the Hunt- 
ington Avenue yard, and left for camp in the same order and 
schedule as in the morning. Every officer and man not excused 
by proper authority returned to camp in good condition. Not one 
was reprimanded for any cause, or reported as being under the 
influence of liquor. On the return to camp the usual routine was 
resumed without delay or friction. 

The average attendance of the commissioned officers, enlisted 
men and bands was 1,943 J for the entire tour of duty, — again 
of 98J over last year. 

First Brigade Headquarters. 

Every officer and non-commissioned officer reported at State 
inspection, which was very satisfactory. The commanding officer 
was ably assisted by his staff officers, who were well qualified to 
perform the duties of their departments. The spirit of enthusiasm 



16 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPOET. [Jan. 

and desire to assist the commanding general in carrying on the 
work of the brigade was very noticeable and commendable. The 
non-commissioned staff officers were of excellent set-up, efficient 
and well instructed in their duties. 

State property was properly cared for and in excellent condi- 
tion. Books and papers, as a whole, were in good condition, par- 
ticularly the endorsement, letter and provost guard books. The 
inspecting officer especially commended the Assistant Adjutant 
General of the brigade in the completeness of his records. 

Personnel excellent ; general instruction very good. 

During the winter months every organization in the brigade was 
visited by a staff officer, usually with an officer of this department. 

Second Brigade. 

The seven days camp duty was performed by this brigade at 
South Framingham, July 18 to 24 inclusive, excepting the Fifth 
Infantry, which was given permission to camp at Powder Point, 
Duxbury, August 10 to 17, and Light Battery A at Sagamore, 
July 11 to 18. 

The annual drill of the brigade was performed in Boston, June 
25, on the occasion of the dedication of the statue of Maj. Gen. 
Joseph Hooker. 

General Whitney and staff worked hard to make the camp a suc- 
cess. Many of the staff officers were new in their positions, which 
placed them at some disadvantage, but I saw little to criticise and 
much to commend. The non-commissioned staff was made up of 
bright, intelligent men, who appeared very energetic and zealous 
in their duties, but spent too much of their time acting as orderlies 
to the commissioned staff. 

The medical director inspected the camp each day at 11 o'clock, 
and every detail for the health of the brigade was carefully looked 
after by the medical officer on duty ; and, notwithstanding the 
rainy weather, the health of the men was excellent at all times. 

The commissary officers performed their duties in a satisfactory 
manner, as far as observed by the inspecting officer on duty. 

Captain Parker of Light Battery A sent one of his 3 T % inch 
guns to the camp on his return from his tour of camp duty at 
Sagamore. A volunteer squad of four men was sent with it, to 
fire the morning and evening guns, also the salute on the arrival 
of the Commander-in-Chief. The men performed their duties 
in a soldierly manner, and made themselves useful about brigade 
headquarters. 

Drills and ceremonies were faithfully performed, and calls 
answered promptly ; military courtesy and discipline could have 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 17 

been improved ; policing of camp very good ; care of quarters fair, 
— that of the Ninth Infantry excellent. 

The field manoeuvres on Thursday, the 23d, gave uncertain 
results. There were too many detached bodies under non-com- 
missioned officers, who did not realize what was expected or 
desired of them. The umpires were Lieut. Col. M. D. Clement, 
Fifth Infantry ; Capt. J. A. Shipton, A. C, U. S. A., Capt. Lloyd 
England, A. C, U. S. A. ; and Lieut. F. W. Stopford, U. S. A. 

A meeting was held at headquarters in the evening, to decide 
the numerous claims made by the attacking and opposing forces, 
but up to August 20 — in fact, to the present time, as far as I 
have been informed — the umpires have been unable to make a 
decision. As none of the officers of this department were at the 
meeting to hear the claims and arguments, I have no criticisms or 
suggestions to make. 

Headquarters, band and eight companies of the Ninth Infantry 
went to camp by electric cars over the Boston and Worcester road. 
The result of this experiment was very satisfactory to Colonel 
Donovan and his officers. The cars were taken at a point about 
five minutes' march from the east armory, and the ten passenger 
and one baggage car used left at two-minute intervals, reaching 
camp on practically schedule time. On the return trip, Saturday, 
the car containing Company G of Worcester was in collision with 
a regular car, and many members of the company were seriously 
injured. 

Church services were held in the mess halls of the Eighth and 
Ninth Infantry on Sunday. On the same afternoon Colonel Pew 
of the Eighth Infantry gave an instructive address to the enlisted 
men of his regiment, in lieu of the evening parade. 

The mounted arm performed an excellent tour of duty. Mili- 
tary courtesy was good, poor set-up of men and lack of uniformity 
in dress being the principal faults. One horse was injured on the 
march to camp. 

Guard duty in the Eighth Regiment was excellent ; in the Ninth, 
unsatisfactory ; in the cavalry, generally satisfactory. The work 
of the provost guard, under Captain Cobb, the paymaster, was of 
the highest order, and reflects much credit on that officer and the 
men under him. Excellent discipline was maintained, without an 
arrest being made. 

The Signal and Ambulance Corps work was satisfactory, as will 
be noted by my detailed report on those organizations. 

On Tuesday General Whitney tendered a review to the Inspector 
General and his assistants. The brigade made a very creditable 
passage. 



18 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

The Commander-in-Chief, accompanied by the Lieutenant Gov- 
ernor and other State officials, arrived in camp on Wednesday, at 
11 o'clock, and was received with proper ceremonies. A little 
later the officers of the brigade called to pay their respects, after 
which a review was held, the different organizations presenting an 
excellent appearance. Just prior to the review, Maj. A. R. 
Hooper, A. D. C, of the general staff, was thrown from his horse, 
and his right leg was fractured at the knee. 

His Excellency remained in camp over night, witnessing the 
evening parade of the Eighth and Ninth regiments. On Thursday 
morning the Governor, accompanied by the Inspector General, 
made a thorough inspection of the camp, and expressed himself as 
much pleased with its condition. I regret to say that two guards 
failed to turn out on his approaching guard quarters. 

The Y. M. C. A. was given quarters in the end of one of the 
mess halls, and did excellent work. Owing to the wet weather, 
the facilities for amusement and recreation were doubly appreciated 
by the men. 

The horses of this brigade were a fine lot of animals. I question 
the advisability of bringing too high-spirited and mettlesome horses 
to camp. They occupy too much attention of the rider, and 
detract much from the ceremonies, in addition to being dangerous. 

Several dogs were kept in the quarters of the enlisted men. 
There is no objection to this, if the animals are kept under proper 
restraint ; but when they are allowed to chase and annoy horses, 
and, in some instances coming under my personal observation, 
incited to do so, they become a nuisance as well as dangerous, and 
should be prohibited. 

Sports should not be allowed to conflict with the regular duties. 
During this camp ball games curtailed the drill space of the 
mounted arm to an unwarranted degree, and on several evenings 
foot balls were in evidence during the ceremony of evening parade. 

The average attendance of commissioned officers, enlisted men 
and band for the seven days was 1,807, out of an enrolled strength 
of 1,902. 

Second Brigade Headquarters. 

The commissioned staff are all officers who have had experience, 
and are well versed in their various departments. They are inter- 
ested in their work, and are carrying it on in an intelligent manner. 
The non-commissioned staff is made up of bright, intelligent men, 
many of whom are new in their position, and need some study to 
perfect themselves. 

The State inspection proved very satisfactory. The new head- 
quarters rooms are finely furnished, and are particularly convenient. 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 19 

Books and papers were in excellent condition, and well cared 
for ; State property very satisfactory ; military courtesy and disci- 
pline excellent. 

All the officers, excepting the provost marshal, have been 
detailed under the direction of the brigade inspector to inspect the 
several organizations of the brigade. This work has been pro- 
ductive of good results, and should be continued. In performing 
this duty the officers travelled nine hundred and twenty miles, the 
expense being paid from the staff treasury. I believe some 
arrangement should be made to have the actual expenses of these 
inspections paid for by the State. 

First Heavy Artillery. 

This regiment still remains in the high state of efficiency noted 
last year. The extremely hard work of the year has been per- 
formed in a highly satisfactory manner, and reflects great credit 
on the command. Colonel Frye has expended much time and 
energy in perfecting the organization, and has received the hearty 
and intelligent co-operation of his officers and men. 

The attendance of enlisted men at armory inspection was as 
follows : headquarters, 28 ; Battery A, 52 ; Battery B, 59 ; Bat- 
tery C, 50 ; Battery D, 55 ; Battery E, 57 ; Battery F, 44 ; Bat- 
tery G, 56 ; Battery H, 55 ; Battery I, 59 ; Battery K, 50 ; Battery 
L, 51 ; Battery M, 58 ; total of the 12 batteries, 646 ; an average 
per battery of 53-^f, — a loss of T % from last year, 8 men being 
absent with leave, 24 without. 

The headquarters inspection found everything in excellent con- 
dition, with the exception of the armory accommodations, which 
are entirely inadequate for the needs of the regiment. 

The arms were in a satisfactory condition, excepting those of 
batteries C and L. The Gatling gun was found in poor condition. 
Equipments satisfactory, excepting batteries B and G-. Clothing 
good in batteries B, L and M ; very good in rest of the batteries. 
Books and papers excellent in batteries A, C, D and G ; very good 
in batteries B, E, H and M; satisfactory in batteries F and K; 
very fair in Battery L ; unsatisfactory in Battery I. 

Cash balance on hand, $4,115.61, — a loss of $1,816.09 from 
last year. 

Drills very good in batteries A, D, H and K; good in batteries 
C, E, F, L and M ; very fair in Battery I ; fair only in batteries 
B and G. 

Personnel good. Knowledge of guard duty showed improve- 
ment over last year, but was unsatisfactory in batteries B, F, G 
and L. Military courtesy generally very good. 



20 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

In the artillery branch of its work the regiment showed remark- 
able proficiency. 

I would again respectfully call attention to the unsatisfactory 
armory accommodations afforded several of the batteries of this 
regiment. 

The annual tour of camp duty was performed in connection with 
the United States Army and Navy manoeuvres in the artillery dis- 
trict of Portland, Me., August 22 to 28 inclusive. 

The attendance was excellent, as the following shows : head- 
quarters, 53 ; Battery A, 60 ; Battery B, 60 ; Battery C, 59f ; Bat- 
tery D, 574-; Battery E, 59* ; Battery F, 59f; Battery G-, 60; 
Battery H, 60 ; Battery I, 60 ; Battery K, 57f ; Battery L, 56% ; 
Battery M, 59 ; an average attendance of enlisted men per battery 
of 59f , — a loss of 2f from last year. 

The regiment was divided and assigned as follows : — 

District Headquarters, Fort Levett, Cushing's Island. — Colonel 
Frye and a detail of his staff, with band. Battery Bowdoin, Bat- 
tery M, 1 12-inch B. L. rifle; Battery Daniels, Battery A, 3 15- 
pound R. F. guns ; and a battery of 3 6-pound R. F. guns. 

Fort Williams, Portland Head. — Major Dyar and detail of 
staff. Battery DeHart, batteries G, H, C and E, 4 10-inch B. L. 
rifles. 

Fort McKinley, Great Diamond Head. — Major Quinby and detail 
of staff. Battery Ingalls, batteries D, F, LandK,4 12-inch mortars. 

Fort Preble, Spring Point. — Captain Lombard and detail of 
staff. Battery Kearney, batteries I and B, 2 12-inch mortars, 
3 8-inch converted rifles, 2 12-pounders, 1 36-pound field piece, 1 
Gatling gun. 

From the time the regiment left its home station until its return, 
all duties were performed in a prompt, intelligent and soldierly 
manner. It was assigned strictly to artillery work, and served 
twelve different types of guns. Range finding and signal details 
were furnished and electricians supplied. 

Military courtesy was excellent ; guard duty fair ; commissary 
arrangements satisfactory. The health of the command was excel- 
lent ; but one case, a sprained hand, was treated at the head- 
quarters hospital. 

The inspecting officer said : " No small amount of the excellent 
results of the week's work was due, first, to the prompt business 
methods of the staff officers, and second, to the loyalty and devo- 
tion of the enlisted men." Their alacrity and evident understand- 
ing of their duties brought instant praise from army officers who 
were with them officially or who witnessed their work. The regi- 
ment has earned its place of honor, and must retain it. No further 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 21 

commendation is necessary than to state the fact that from every 
post commander copies of orders have been received by the regi- 
mental commander, in which the appreciation of the good conduct, 
soldierly bearing and cheerful and enthusiastic performance of 
duty is noted, and communicated therein. 

The annual drill of the regiment was performed on Hooker Day 
in Boston ; 51 officers, 696 men and band of 40 were present for 
duty, or 96.32 per cent, of the total strength. It made an excel- 
lent appearance, and performed its duty in a satisfactory manner. 

Second Infantry. 

The general conditions in this regiment have improved during 
the year, but there are some companies which need attention to 
bring them up to the standard of the regiment. 

The attendance of enlisted men at armory inspection was as 
follows : Company A, 60 ; Company B, 57 ; Company C, 55 ; Com- 
pany D, 50 ; Company E, 50 ; Company F, 53 ; Company G, 57 ; 
Company H, 58 ; Company I, 49 ; Company K, 57 ; Company L, 
47 ; Company M, 47 ; total, 640, out of an enrollment of 683 ; an 
average of 53 T \, — a gain of T 8 ^ per company, companies I, L and 
M falling below 50 ; 24 absent with leave, 19 without. 

Personnel satisfactory, excepting companies I and L ; condition 
of property in companies C, E, G, H, I, L and M need attention ; 
drills satisfactory, excepting in companies B, E, F, H, I, L and M. 

Books and papers should receive more careful supervision from 
battalion commanders, especially in companies F, I, L and M. 

Amount spent by the 12 companies for all purposes, $21,280.87 ; 
cash balance, $4,227.76, — a loss of $277.63 from last year. 

Companies B, F and I are not in as good condition as last year; 
Company K has shown the greatest improvement ; Company L has 
shown some improvement, but there is room for much more ; Com- 
pany I needs vigorous recruiting, an improved personnel and hard 
study. The drill hall of Company F is too small. It is apparent 
that some of the company commanders have not carefully followed 
out the orders of the colonel of the regiment. 

The average attendance of the enlisted men at camp was as 
follows : Company A, 60 ; Company B, 56 ; Company C, 60 ; Com- 
pany D, 58 ; Company E, 58 ; Company F, 58 ; Company G, 60 ; 
Company H, 60 ; Company I, 56 ; Company K, 60 ; Company L, 
58 ; Company M, 54 ; total, 698, out of an enrollment of 711 ; an 
average per company of 58 T 2 2, — a gain over last year of l^" ; a 
very satisfactory showing. 

Roll calls, on the whole, well attended, excepting in companies 
F and I ; smoking in ranks noted in companies E and I. There 



22 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

was a lack of uniformity in dress at roll calls. The band should 
attend roll calls, and conform to the rules and discipline of the 
camp. 

Setting-up exercises well performed, excepting in companies I, 
L and B ; policing of camp excellent. 

Drills were seriously interfered with by poor weather conditions. 
Guard duty could have been improved ; it is the weakest point in 
the regiment. Discipline and courtesy, with very few exceptions, 
excellent. 

Care and arrangement of quarters excellent, although the uni- 
form appearance would be improved if the officers would curtail 
the amount of furniture in quarters and discard carpets in some of 
the tents in companies D and B. 

The regiment was inspected on Tuesday by Capt. J. A. Shipton, 
A. C, U. S. A., and made a good appearance. 

The regiment should be commended for the excellent tour of 
duty performed in Boston on Hooker Day. 

The commissioned officers are as a whole very efficient and 
capable. The enlisted men are of good physique, intelligent and 
well instructed. This regiment can be depended on in the future, 
as it has been in the past. 

Fifth Regiment Infantry. 

This regiment has not improved in general condition and effi- 
ciency to the extent expected. There is a lack of administration 
in some directions that should be corrected, and several companies 
must show a decided improvement, or be recommended for dis- 
bandment. 

The attendance at armory inspections was as follows : Company 

A, 60 ; Company B, 49 ; Company C, 57 ; Company D, 56 ; Com- 
pany E, 57 ; Company F, 51 ; Company G, 52 ; Company H, 52 ; 
Company I, 53 ; Company L, 49 ; Company M, 44 ; an average 
per company of 52 T 8 T , — a gain of 1 T 9 T over last year, companies 

B, L and M falling below 50 ; 23 men absent with leave, 31 without. 
Company K was not inspected, owing to the short time organized. 

Arms were in excellent condition in companies A, E and I ; 
very good in companies B and H ; satisfactory in companies F 
and G; fair in companies C and M; unsatisfactory in companies 
D and L. Equipments and clothing excellent in companies A 
and E ; very good in companies C, G and H ; satisfactory in com- 
panies B, D, F, I, L and M. Books and papers excellent, espe- 
cially those of Company A. 

Amount spent for all purposes, $15,760.82; cash balance, 
$3,636.61, — a loss of $1,033.78 from last year. 

Personnel very good, excepting companies B and M. Drills 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 23 

excellent in Company A ; satisfactory in companies C, D, E and I ; 
good in companies B, F, G, H and L ; very fair in Company M. 
Knowledge of guard duty satisfactory in companies A and C only ; 
military courtesy and set-up of men poor. 

The regiment has done excellent work in rifle practice, having 
99 per cent, of its strength qualified as marksmen. 

The colonel should exercise more authority and insist on all his 
orders being obeyed, and should be accorded more genuine support 
by his field officers. 

It is very important that more care be used in recruiting and in 
physical examination of enlisted men. 

The non-commissioned officers of the regiment as a whole are 
efficient, and should spend more time in instructing recruits during 
the winter months. 

Camp duty was performed on Powder Point Hill, in Duxbury, 
August 8 to 14 inclusive. The attendance of enlisted men was as 
follows : headquarters, 29 ; Company A, 59 ; Company B, 57 ; 
Company C, 59 ; Company D, 58 ; Company E, 59 ; Company F, 
60 ; Company G, 58 ; Company H, 60 ; Company I, 53 ; Company 
K, 60 ; Company L, 60 ; Company M, 55 ; an average per com- 
pany of 58 T 2 2 , — a gain of 1 T ^ over last year. 

The camp was in an ideal location, but was rather cramped for 
room, and too close to the houses of the summer residents. Its 
layout was poor, especially the location of the guard quarters and 
company kitchens. The ground was not suitable for manoeuvres. 

Roll calls well attended, but companies D, F, H and I were 
slow in falling in. Bill of dress not adhered to, especially in com- 
panies D, F, I and M. Men in companies D and M were heard 
answering to the names of absent members. 

Setting-up exercises well performed as a rule ; policing of camp 
excellent during the week ; inspection of quarters excellent ; arms 
and property in good condition ; drills very good, but not well 
attended. 

Guard duty was unsatisfactory. Guards were not properly 
instructed by officers ; sentinels were careless in their salutes. 
They could repeat general orders, but could not apply them, and 
were unfamiliar with insignia of rank. The guard quarters were 
located in the most conspicuous place in camp, and the prisoners 
were in full view of the public at all times, and were allowed liber- 
ties that were prejudicial to discipline. 

Ceremonies as a rule well performed, although some unsteadi- 
ness was noted in ranks. 

The regiment made a very satisfactory passage in review before 
the Commander-in-Chief. 

Discipline and courtesy could have been improved ; taps not 



24 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

well observed, excepting in Company K ; commissary arrange- 
ments satisfactory. 

The field manoeuvres were well planned and executed, and, con- 
sidering the limited area at its disposal, the regiment received a 
great deal of valuable instruction, especially in fire discipline and 
cover. There should, however, have been more definite instruc- 
tions given to the officers as to what they were to do. They 
handled their men well, but did not seem to understand the inten- 
tion of the commanding officer, or to know what was required of 
them. 

The personnel and physical condition of the recruits showed an 
improvement since the armory inspection. 

The appearance and conduct of the regiment on Hooker Day 
were excellent. 

Sixth Regiment Infantry. 

This regiment has made a highly creditable gain in enrollment 
and attendance during the year, but the weak companies reported 
last year have not improved to the extent hoped for. 

The attendance at armory inspection was as follows : Company 
A, 53 ; Company B, 59 ; Company C, 60 ; Company D, 51 ; Com- 
pany E, 55 ; Company F, 53 ; Company G, 58 ; Company H, 50 ; 
Company I, 53 ; Company K, 48 ; Company L, 48 ; Company M, 
54; total, 642, out of an enrollment of 686 ; an average per com- 
pany of 53^, — a gain of 4^ for the year, companies K and L fall- 
ing below 50, Company C again having every man present out of 
a full enrollment. 

The arms were not in as good condition as last year, especially 
in companies D, H, I, K and L. Equipments in a generally satis- 
factory condition. The clothing, as a rule, was in good condition, 
and well cared for. Caps were out of shape, and about 150 cam- 
paign hats Were without devices or cords. 

Books and papers fairly well kept ; the inspecting officer made 
some timely suggestions as to the method of keeping the files. 

Amount spent for all purposes by the several companies, except- 
ing Company F, $14,810.23 ; cash balance, $7,043.70, — a loss of 
$121.36 from last year. 

Furniture, with the exception of companies C and G, was in 
good condition. 

Inadequate armory facilities still exist in companies M, L, E 
and I. 

Drills varied in the several companies, from very good to fair, 
companies C and L being the best, the others satisfactory, except- 
ing companies D, K and M. Guard duty not up to the standard 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 25 

expected, and a thorough and complete explanation of general 
orders is needed, more particularly in companies D, K and M. 
General instruction was satisfactory, excepting as noted in drill 
and guard duty. 

Knowledge of arms good, excepting in companies K and M ; 
personnel good, excepting in Company K. 

The commanding officer and his field and staff are capable and 
efficient. The regiment, as a whole, was in good condition, but 
Company K must show marked improvements to retain its place in 
the militia, and two other companies need careful attention. 

Attendance at camp and annual drill was as follows : Company 
A, 54f ; Company B, 57f- ; Company C, 57 ; Company D, 56J ; 
Company E, 57|; Company F, 59§ ; Company G, 58f ; Company 
H, 51| ; Company I, 49| ; Company K, 57| ; Company L, 53| ; 
Company M, 59§- ; an average of 56. The attendance on the first 
day was unsatisfactory, 1 officer and 65 enlisted men failing to 
report for duty. This condition improved during the week. 

Discipline was lax throughout practically the entire command. 
Men did not fall in promptly or quietly at roll calls, and in many 
cases not completely clothed. There was too much jostling, non- 
sense, profanity and obscenity indulged in, and too often unre- 
buked. At tattoo roll call on the first night in camp Company K 
had but 12 men in ranks, 7 of whom were smoking. They were 
rebuked by the captain, but, as he was himself smoking, it did but 
little good. These conditions improved to some extent during the 
week. 

Military courtesy generally satisfactory. Guard duty was not 
performed in a satisfactory manner, and more attention should be 
given to this important work. Policing of camp and quarters 
good, excepting in companies C and K. 

The weather conditions interfered with drills to a serious extent, 
yet every opportunity was taken advantage of. 

Ceremonies were well performed, improper distances being the 
principal faults noted. 

The conduct of the regiment during the parade on Hooker Day, 
and in transit to and from Boston, was exemplary. 

Eighth Regiment Infantry. ■ 
The regiment is in a satisfactory condition. Colonel Pew is an 

able commander and instructor ; he has received the hearty and 

loyal support of his officers and men, and a well-drilled and efficient 

organization is the result. 

The attendance of enlisted men at armory inspection was as 

follows : Company A, 45 ; Company B, 55 ; Company C, 58 ; Com- 



2$ ADJUTANT GENEKAL'S KEPORT. [Jan. 

pany D, 47 ; Company E, 48 ; Company F, 49 ; Company G, 52 ; 
Company H, 47 ; Company I, 58 ; Company K, 53 ; Company L, 
55 ; Company M, 45 ; an average per company of 51, — a gain of 
If over last year ; 14 men were absent with leave, 39 without. 

The attendance at inspections of headquarters was not satis- 
factory, 4 officers and 3 men, out of 17 officers and 9 men, being 
absent, but all were with leave. 

The Quartermaster's books were properly kept, but the property 
was not on hand, and what was inspected was not well cared for. 
This department needs the attention of the commanding officer. 
The other staff departments were found in excellent condition. 

Captains complained of their inability at times to get recruits 
examined promptly by medical officers. 

The field music of the regiment is a model, and is in a high state 
of efficiency, and it should receive all the assistance and encourage- 
ment possible. Suitable rooms should be finished off for its use in 
the Lawrence armory. 

Personnel excellent. Condition of arms excellent in companies 

A, B, C, D and I ; very good in companies E, H, K and L ; satis- 
factory in companies F and G ; unsatisfactory in Company M. 
Equipments and clothing excellent in Company A ; very good in 
companies B, D, E, I, K and L ; satisfactory in companies F, G, 
H and M ; fair in Company C. 

Books and papers excellent, except that company fund books 
should be kept so as to show all receipts and expenditures. 

Amount spent for all purposes, $15,574.28; cash balance, 
$3,215.66, — a gain of $923.19 over last year. 

The headquarters at Salem and the armories of companies B, C, 
G, H, K and M were very unsatisfactory, but since then the armory 
inspection rooms have been assigned headquarters in the new State 
armory at Cambridge, and Company C stationed there also. Com- 
pany B has moved into its new armory. Companies K and M 
have fine accommodations in the new battalion armory in Somer- 
ville, and I am informed that the city officials of Salem will 
endeavor to improve the conditions of the quarters of Company H. 

Drills excellent in companies C and I ; very good in companies 

B, D, E, F, H, K and L; satisfactory in Company G; fair in 
companies M and A. 

Guard duty well understood and exemplified ; general instruction 
very good. More attention needed in extended order work ; this 
same necessity was noted last year. 

The regimental examining board for non-commissioned officers 
has proved beneficial, and the companies have efficient and well- 
informed non-commissioned officers. 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 27 

The attendance at camp was as follows : headquarters, 51 ; 
Company A, 59f- ; Company B, 54f ; Company C, 60; Company 
D, 57f ; Company E, 56| ; Company F, 55f ; Company G, 59f ; 
Company H, 59f ; Company I, 59f ; Company K, 56^- ; Company 
L, 58J; Company M, 55; an average per company of 57?, — a 
gain of ^ over last year. 

In place of the regular setting-up drill, the calisthenic exercises 
of Lieutenant Koehler, U. S. A., were used, with good results. 

Attendance at roll calls satisfactory, but a lack of uniformity in 
dress was noted. 

Regimental and battalion drills very good ; ceremonies excellent. 
Officers could study Manual of Sword to advantage. 

Guard duty very satisfactory ; policing of camp and care of 
quarters excellent. Military courtesy fair only the first of the 
week, but improved later. Discipline on Thursday night very 
unsatisfactory ; blank cartridges were fired continually all night 
and more or less during Friday morning, with no apparent effort 
being made to stop it. 

The appearance and conduct of the regiment on Hooker Day 
were all that could be desired ; the attendance was 703 officers 
and men, 39 being absent. 

Ninth Regiment Infantry. 

I regret to be unable to report the continuation of the improved 
condition noted last year ; basing my judgment on the result of 
the armory inspection, should say that the regiment as a whole 
has barely held its own. The commanding officer with his field 
and staff has worked hard and faithfully to maintain the standard. 
The companies located in Boston are the principal ones at fault. 
This can be partially explained by the fact that a short fuel supply 
limited the number of drills during the winter months ; but there 
are several line officers who need to renew their interest in their 
companies. 

The attendance at armory inspection was as follows : Company 
A, 57 ; Company B, 39 ; Company C, 48 ; Company D, 49 ; Com- 
pany E, 48 ; Company F, 52 ; Company G, 49 ; Company H, 50 ; 
Company I, 55 ; Company K, 40 ; Company L, 57 ; Company M, 
48 ; total, 592 ; average per company, 49^, — a loss of 2-^- from 
last year; 20 were absent with leave, 76 without, — an increase 
of 38. 

The average attendance of enlisted men for the last ten drills 
prior to State inspection was 40 T 9 2-, Company A having the highest, 
49^ ; Company C the lowest, 32 t 2 q. 

At headquarters inspection State property was found in good 



28 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

condition, excepting the rifles ; these showed lack of care. Books 
and papers satisfactory. Medicine chests and hospital steward's 
pouch needed fresh supplies. 

The drum corps is in the same unsatisfactory condition as last 
reported ; the drum major and 4 musicians were absent without 
leave. 

Property in fair condition only ; all cap devices missing ; blouses 
ill fitting. This corps should receive the immediate attention of 
the regimental commander. 

In the companies the arms were found in a satisfactory condition, 
excepting in companies C, E, H, K and M ; equipments and cloth- 
ing very good, excepting in companies E and H. 

Books and papers, as a whole, satisfactory and well kept. 

Amount spent for all purposes, $14,139.11 ; cash balance^ 
$2,436.42, — a gain of $1,135.50 over last year. 

Proficiency in drill and knowledge of guard duty varied a great 
deal. The best were companies G, D and I ; the poorest, com- 
panies B, E, H and K; the others barely satisfactory. 

Personnel very good. Companies I and L have improved ; 
companies B, C, E, H, K and M need bracing up. 

The attendance of enlisted men at camp was as follows : Com- 
pany A, 58 ; Company B, 56 ; Company C, 54 ; Company D, 58 ; 
Company E, 51 ; Company F, 53 ; Company G, 58 ; Company H, 
56 ; Company I, 60 ; Company K, 53 ; Company L, 56 ; Company 
M, 55 ; an average of 55^-, — an average gain of 1 . Average 
daily strength, including officers, men and band, 757, — a gain 
of 41. 

Roll calls but fairly well attended ; lack of promptness in falling 
in, and the men were not always under good control. They were 
seen smoking in rank, answering to their names from their tents, 
and in some cases, in addition to answering to their own names, 
did so for others. 

Setting-up exercises very satisfactory ; policing of camp excel- 
lent ; knowledge of guard duty poor ; care of quarters excellent. 
The new boxes and racks made a great improvement in the appear- 
ance of the tents. Rifles, as a rule, in bad condition, companies 
K and D being the exceptions. 

Drills very good ; ceremonies, as a rule, excellent ; discipline 
and courtesy very good. Many enlisted men were careless in 
rendering salutes. 

Non-commissioned officers need study and instruction. More 
attention should be given to guard duty, and the smaller details 
of drill and discipline. 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 29 



Naval Brigade. 

The brigade is in excellent condition. It has put in a year of 
good, hard work, and a high state of efficiency is the result. 

Attendance at armory inspection was as follows : headquarters, 
47; Company A, 46; Company B, 54; Company C, 48 ; Company 

E, 54 ; Company F, 56 ; Company G, 56 ; Company H, 45 ; Com- 
pany I, 50 ; total enrollment, 35 officers, 470 men ; an average per 
company of 51^, — a loss of 1 § from last year ; 7 men were absent 
with leave, 7 without. 

Arms and equipments in excellent condition. Care of clothing 
good, but much of it showed effects of hard wear. 

Books and papers as a rule satisfactory. 

Cash balance, $6,263.35, — a gain of $3,902.34. 

The system of administration is excellent. Personnel excellent. 

The Signal Corps as a whole is very efficient. The engine divi- 
sion is made up of sturdy and reliable men, who appear well 
versed in the duties of their respective ratings ; they are practi- 
cally all licensed engineers or firemen. 

Drills excellent in Company I ; satisfactory in companies C, E, 

F, G and H ; fair only in companies A and B. Discipline good. 
Guard duty is somewhat neglected, owing to the fact that the 
summer tour of duty is performed afloat. 

The new Fall River armory is a fine building, splendidly ar- 
ranged, well furnished, and a model of its kind. 

The summer tour of duty was performed aboard the United 
States training ship " Prairie" and steam launch " Inca," August 
22 to 29 inclusive. 

The attendance was as follows : headquarters, 53 ; Company A, 
49; Company B, 49 ; Company C, 50 ; Company E, 52 ; Company 
F, 46; Company G, 53; Company H, 54; Company I, 51; an 
average of 50$, — a loss of 4f from last year, 37 enlisted men 
being absent. 

Owing to insufficient accommodations on the " Prairie " for the 
entire brigade, Lieutenant Commander Dillaway was ordered to 
take 12 officers and 20 enlisted men to the steam launch "Inca" 
at Fall River, with directions to perform their tour of duty on that 
vessel ; consequently, the inspecting officer had no opportunity of 
observing the work of this detachment. 

The attendance remained the same on board the " Prairie " 
throughout the tour of duty, but there were some changes on the 
"Inca." 

Officers reported for their tour of duty in blue uniform, with side 
arms; enlisted men, in blue uniforms, with flat caps, without 



30 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

rifles, haversacks or canteens ; hammocks, mattresses, blankets 
and clothes bags were neatly lashed together, and forwarded #s 
baggage. 

On board the " Prairie " the regular officers retained their respec- 
tive stations and duties, the brigade officers being so assigned as 
to work in conjunction with them, either performing the duties 
under the supervision of the regular officers, or observing while 
duties were performed by them. The enlisted men were assigned 
as crew, with the regular sailors distributed equally among the 
four divisions, to correct and instruct them in the performance of 
their several duties in ship routine, etc. This general plan was 
continued during the entire tour, the brigade officers performing 
more work and assuming greater responsibilities as they became 
better acquainted with the ship and their duties. 

The men were divided into divisions, sections and watches, and 
further assigned as gun crews, boat crews, etc. They were 
instructed in boat drills, standing rigging, marline spike seaman- 
ship, heavy and rapid fire guns, compass and general ship routine, 
and the engine forces in the engine and boiler room. They took 
part in land operations against the army and militia at Portland, 
and in all this work performed the various duties with alacrity and 
intelligence. 

A detailed report has been forwarded to you, together with let- 
ters from the Assistant Secretary of the Navy, Chas. H. Darling, 
Rear Admiral J. B. Coghlan and Capt. Duncan Kennedy, all 
expressing the highest praise of the character of work performed, 
and the efficiency shown by the officers and men of the Massachu- 
setts Naval Brigade. 

The only criticisms made by the inspecting officer were in the 
lack of uniformity of clothing at Sunday morning inspection ; a 
lack of care in carefully following the bill of dress on other occa- 
sions ; poor fire discipline ; and improper intervals in extended 
order during the land operations. 

The health of the brigade was excellent, and the entire tour of 
duty was a very satisfactory one. 

The brigade performed an excellent tour of duty on Hooker 
Day, and good discipline was maintained. 

First Corps of Cadets. 
The high standard of administration and efficiency that has 
characterized the corps in years past has been maintained. Its 
officers are of the highest character, and are intelligent and enthu- 
siastic military instructors. The staff departments are ably con- 
ducted, and the non-commissioned officers are competent and well 
posted. Personnel of the enlisted men excellent. 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 31 

The small enrollment, which was the subject of my criticism 
last year, has been materially improved. 

The attendance at armory inspection was as follows : Company 
A, 52 ; Company B, 52 ; Company C, 71 ; Company D, 61 ; aver- 
age, 59; 12 absent with leave, 11 without, — a gain of 11 per 
company over last year. 

The total enrollment last year at armory inspection, 238 ; this 
year, 281. The total enrollment last year at camp inspection, 252 ; 
this year, 289. 

The State property in the possession of the corps consists of the 
colors and rifles only. The condition of the rifles was not entirely 
satisfactory to the inspecting officer. 

Books and papers were neatly and excellently kept, but not on the 
exact lines of the other organizations of the militia, as was noted 
in my last report. 

Cash balance, $994.97, not including money on hand to pay 
interest on mortgage, — a gain of $464.57 over last year. 

The enlisted men can repeat the instructions given them, but 
cannot explain their meaning in the intelligent manner that is 
expected of them. 

The corps performed its annual drill and camp duty at Hingham, 
July 11 to 18 inclusive. 

The attendance of enlisted men was as follows : headquarters, 
10 ; Company A, 59 ; Company B, 48 ; Company C, 74 ; Company 
D, 62 ; an average per company of 60f , — a gain of 7 over last 
year ; 16 men reported absent. 

Guard duty well performed, and general and special orders well 
committed, but their application was not thoroughly understood. 
A few dirty rifles were found in the hands of the various guards. 

Drills and ceremonies very satisfactory ; policing of camp, care 
of quarters, cook houses, store houses, baths and stables excellent. 
Good progress was made in rifle practice. The canteen as con- 
ducted by this corps can well be used as a model for the rest of the 
militia organizations. 

The corps spent one day and night outside the limits of the 
camp, and gained some knowledge in making camp, cooking 
rations, advance and rear guard work. 

Discipline and military courtesy excellent. The band of the 
corps is in an excellent condition. 

The inspecting officer made some timely suggestions as to 
methods and administration, which have been referred to the com- 
manding officer, and will, I trust, receive careful consideration. 

This organization can be depended on in an emergency, and is 
an honor to the Commonwealth. 



32 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Second Corps of Cadets. 

The same unsatisfactory condition of this corps, as noted in my 
last report, still exists. I hope the change in the- administration 
will show a decided improvement in its condition at the coming 
armory inspection. As the inspecting officer truly said in his 
report, "History, tradition and sentiment will not suffice to keep 
alive a military body to-day." If marked improvement in enroll- 
ment and efficiency is not made the coming year, measures must 
be taken to compel it, or a reorganization ordered. 

The attendance of enlisted men at armory inspection was as 
follows : Company A, 36 ; Company B, 23 ; Company C, 36 ; 
Company D, 32 ; an average per company of 31f, — a loss from 
last year of 1^, with an enrollment of enlisted men of 145, includ- 
ing headquarters ; 4 were absent with leave, 11 without. 

The average attendance for the ten drills preceding the State 
inspection was as follows: Company A, 14.5 privates ; Company 
B, 9.1 privates; Company C, 12.8 privates; Company D, 14.5 
privates. 

It is impossible for the most efficient officers to secure and main- 
tain well-drilled companies with such attendance. One company 
turned out for inspection with but three fours, each four having 
one man in the rear rank. The captain of the company having 
the largest enrollment informed the inspector that he had had no 
platoon drill since camp, owing to the fact that not enough men 
had been present to permit it. 

The rifles showed lack of care in cleaning ; rust was in evidence 
at both ends of the bore. Mess kits new, and in good condition. 
Campaign hats in an unsatisfactory condition, many being without 
cords or devices ; Company A had but two complete hats, Com- 
pany B thirteen defective, Company C fifteen, Company D but 
three defective. Clothing generally in good condition. 

Books and papers at headquarters in good condition. The 
inspector suggested an improved method of keeping company files. 

Drills fair only, both in close and extended order. Officers and 
men showed a good knowledge of guard duty, although the 
enlisted men could repeat their general orders better than they 
could explain them. Knowledge of arms satisfactory. Personnel 
very good. 

Cash on hand at last audit, $620.52, — a loss of $109.33 

The most serious trouble with the corps is the matter of enroll- 
ment and attendance. The largest number in a company is but 
40, making a proper subject for disbandment if in any other 
organization other than a Cadet Corps. 

It is a serious question whether the city of Salem is large enough 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 33 

to maintain five companies of a desirable personnel. One com- 
pany has 14 men from Gloucester, properly beyond the limits of 
the command ; another company has but 3 Salem men on its rolls. 
This no doubt accounts in some degree for the slim attendance at 
drills. These matters demand the serious consideration of Colonel 
Fitz. The corps should be recruited up to a proper strength. 
Officers' meetings should be held regularly, and every effort made 
to bring the old historic Second Corps up to a proper standard of 
efficiency. 

•The corps performed its seven days' camp duty at Boxford, July 
18 to 24. The small enrollment and poor attendance was again 
in evidence. Every commissioned officer was present for the 
entire tour. 

The average attendance of enlisted men was as follows : Com- 
pany A, 31f ; Company B, 19f ; Company C, 34; Company D, 
34^ ; an average per company of 30, — a loss of 6f from last year. 
The average attendance of officers and men, not including band, 
was 142^ ; average number absent, 29^, — not a creditable showing. 

Discipline was good ; military courtesy very good ; guard duty 
generally satisfactory. Ceremonies, under the condition of the 
weather and attendance, satisfactory. Policing and care of quar- 
ters fair. More uniformity is desirable. Drills on the whole 
satisfactory. 

Health of the camp excellent ; not a man was carried on the sick 
report. 

The duties of the several staff departments were performed in a 
very satisfactory manner. 

First Battalion Light Artillery. 
Headquarters' inspection very good. Attendance, 100 per cent, 
of enrollment. Books and papers well kept. Arms, clothing and 
equipments in excellent condition. Cash on hand, $238.23. 

Battery B. 

Twenty enlisted men absent from State inspection, — a weak- 
ness which occurred last year. Enrollment, 3 officers, 82 men ; 
present, 3 officers, 62 men ; 11 absent with leave, 9 without. 

Battery drill good. Knowledge of guard duty fair. Nomen- 
clature of piece good. Drivers' examination fair. General instruc- 
tion good. Personnel good. Fatigue caps in poor condition, as 
were the sabres. Brasses very good. The gun room is a poor 
place to keep valuable guns. Books and papers fair. Cash on 
hand at last audit, $1,172.29. 

As a whole, the battery is in a better condition than last year. 



34 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Battery C. 

Attendance at inspection, 3 officers and 81 men, out of an enroll- 
ment of 3 officers and 81 men, being 100 per cent. 

Battery drill good. Knowledge of guard duty satisfactory. 
Nomenclature of piece fair. Drivers' examination unsatisfactory. 
General instructions good. Personnel good. Sabres, caps and 
overcoats old and worn out. Brasses bright, and equipments gen- 
erally well cared for. The gun room is a totally unfit place in 
which to store the pieces. Books and papers in excellent condi- 
tion. Cash on hand at last audit, $492.53. 

Camp Duty. 

Headquarters, enrollment, 11 ; average attendance, 11. Bat- 
tery B, enrollment, 76| ; average attendance, 72^; absent, 4J, — 
a gain of lOf; Battery C, enrollment, 88; average attendance, 
87| ; absent, f , — a loss of §. 

The battalion had a hard tour of duty, owing to the number of 
reviews, inspections and rainy weather. 

Roll calls showed an improvement over last year. Guard duty 
poor. Inspection of quarters fair. Stables fair only. Military 
courtesy good. Canvas uniforms ill-fitting and dirty. 

The battalion performed very satisfactory work Hooker Day. 
Battery C lost a horse on the return trip from Boston, the animal 
being taken sick in the car, and died after reaching South Framing- 
ham, although every effort was made to save it. Another horse in 
this battery developed glanders after its arrival on the field. It 
was carefully inspected by Dr. Peters, who condemned it, and 
ordered it to be destroyed. 

The battalion was inspected in camp by Capt. J. A. Shipton, 
A. C, U. S. A. 

Light Battery A. 

As usual, this battery is in a very high state of efficiency, which 
is the result of intelligent and conscientious work by both officers 
and men. 

Out of an enrollment of 5 officers and 85 men, 5 officers and 81 
men were present at State inspection, 3 men being absent with 
leave, 1 without. 

The 3 T 2 o inch rifles, harnesses, arms, equipments, clothing, 
books and papers in excellent condition ; the gun carriages need 
a coat of paint. 

During the year the battery has added two artillery wagons, har- 
nesses, a quartermaster's wagon and officers' tentage to its very 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7.* 35 

complete equipment. The old sabres should be condemned and 
turned in, and a complete field artillery equipment of sabres, 
knives and revolvers issued to the command. 

Riding instruction has received extra attention, at a considerable 
expense in addition to the amount paid by the State. The battery 
has also paid the expense of its revolver team, which has had 
another successful year. 

Drills very good. Knowledge of guard duty good. General 
instruction excellent. Knowledge of arms very good. Military 
courtesy and discipline excellent. 

Cash and securities on hand at last audit, $9,981.91, — a gain 
of $792.37. 

Camp duty was performed at Sagamore, July 11 to 17 inclusive, 
the annual drill being performed on Hooker Day, June 25. This 
duty was performed under service conditions, and the entire 
organization was equipped for it. It was extremely satisfactorj', 
excepting the attendance. This fault was noted last year, and I 
trust it will improve at the next camp. With an enrollment of 5 
officers and 85 men, 5 officers and an average of 76£ men were 
present ; 8-f absent, — a gain of 2^ over last year. 

The camp was in an ideal location. Drills and target practice 
in addition to regular camp routine occupied the time until Tuesday, 
when the tents were struck, and the two platoons marched out of 
camp in opposite directions, and spent Tuesday and Wednesday 
in offensive and defensive work against each other. This work 
was very instructive, and of great benefit to the command. 

Drills and target practice were resumed on Thursday. Target 
practice at a range of 3,300 yards gave very satisfactory results. 

The tour of duty was not only instructive but enjoyable, owing to 
the fine weather conditions, salt-water bathing, and a country well 
adapted for field artillery work. There was not a case of sickness, 
and no accidents. 

Guard duty satisfactory. Military courtesy and discipline excel- 
lent. Care of quarters excellent. 

The battery returned by train to its home station on Saturday, 
and gave a short street parade between the station and armory, 
this day's duty being performed without expense to the State. 

I consider this battery ready for any kind of duty at all times. 

First Battalion Cavalry. 

Last year I reported this battalion as in a fair condition ; this 

year at armory inspection it was found to have lost ground. This 

can be accounted for in part by the facts that within a few months 

both troops have changed commanding officers, and a new battalion 



36 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

adjutant has been appointed ; in addition to this, the short coal 
supply during the winter months and the extensive repairs made in 
the armory of Troop A prevented many drills. 

The attendance at inspection was very unsatisfactory. With an 
enrollment of 71 in each troop, there were 14 enlisted men absent 
without leave in Troop A, and 13 in Troop D ; last year 1 officer 
and 14 men were absent without leave in Troop A, and 15 men in 
Troop D. 

The record of attendance for the ten weeks prior to and includ- 
ing inspection was as follows : Troop A, with an average strength 
of 71.7, had an average attendance of 47.6, showing an average 
absence of 24.1 ; Troop D, with an average strength of 76.1, had 
an average attendance of 48.8, showing an average absence of 27.3. 
Such a showing as this indicates a lack of interest that demands 
the attention of both battalion and troop commanders. 

State property was in a generally good condition, and well cared 
for. A few carbines in Troop A and sabres in Troop D needed 
repairs. A few articles of uniform and horse equipments showed 
wear, and should be exchanged for new. 

Books and papers well kept. The inspector recommended that 
the headquarters enlistment book for non-commissioned staff be 
signed by the commissioned officers in person, and that proper 
rosters be kept by the adjutant. 

Drills good in Troop A ; satisfactory in Troop D. Knowledge 
of guard duty good ; knowledge of arms satisfactory. General 
instruction very fair in Troop A ; satisfactory in Troop D. 

The armories are well suited to the needs of the troops. The 
guard and property rooms in the armory of Troop D are not as 
secure as is desirable, and steps should .be taken to protect the 
arms and other property. The furniture of Troop D not entirely 
satisfactory, and should be repaired. 

The inspecting officer reports that liquor is kept in the armory 
of Troop A at times, for the use of its members. This is a prac- 
tice, however limited, that should not be tolerated, and the respon- 
sibility rests entirely on the commanding officers. 

The financial condition of the two troops has changed consid- 
erably during the year : Troop A spent for all purposes $7,147.78, 
and had cash on hand at last audit of $514, — a loss of $842.08 
from last year; Troop D spent for all purposes $5,271.95, and 
had cash on hand at last audit of $1,477.22, — a gain of $407.69 
over last year. 

The attendance at camp showed an improvement over last year, 
and was as follows : headquarters, 7 officers, 6 enlisted men ; 
Troop A, 3 officers, 75 enlisted men, 3 absent; Troop D, 3 offi- 
cers, 71 enlisted men, 1 absent. 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 37 

The tour of camp duty was well performed. Officers and non- 
commissioned officers were energetic and enthusiastic, and the 
command made excellent progress during the week. 

The battalion went to and from its home station over the road, 
and did its work well, receiving the commendation of the inspector. 

Drills and ceremonies satisfactory. Guard duty generally well 
performed. Care of quarters satisfactory. The condition of the 
stables was excellent throughout the tour, especially in Troop D. 
Uniformity of dress could have been improved, also steadiness in 
ranks at roll calls and ceremonies. Military courtesy was a weak 
point, and instruction is needed in the smaller details of courtesy 
and discipline. 

The battalion made an excellent appearance on Hooker Day. 

Alignments and distances were well kept, discipline excellent. 

The street where the horses were fed was left clean and free from 

all litter. 

Troop F, Cavalry. 

The attendance at armory inspection fair only. With an enroll- 
ment of 4 officers and 73 enlisted men, the hospital steward and 8 
privates were absent, but all were reported with leave. 

State property was not in an entirely satisfactory condition. 
Sabres need repairing. Blades were clean, but were badly pitted; 
hilts were loose ; scabbards dented, and plating badly worn. Car- 
bines were not satisfactory ; a few locks were out of repair, and 
many of the carbines showed lack of proper cleaning, both inside 
and out. 

Equipments satisfactory, and clothing in fair condition, but ill 
fitting. Furniture good, and armory properly policed. 

Books and papers in excellent condition. Amount spent for all 
purposes, $3,981 ; cash balance at last audit, $3,000. 

Drills, knowledge of guard duty and general instruction satis- 
factory. Personnel very good. Officers were well informed and 
efficient, and the enlisted men well up in their duties. 

The attendance at camp, with an enrollment of 81, was an 
average of 76, with 5 absentees, — practically the same as last 
year. 

The troop went to camp over the road, and arrived in good con- 
dition, excepting one horse, which stepped on a rolling stone and 
broke a bone in its fore leg ; the animal was condemned and shot. 
What few drills could be sandwiched in between the rain and the 
review gave good results. 

Roll calls were well attended, but a lack of uniformity in dress 
was noted. Military courtesy good. Ceremonies satisfactory. 
Care of quarters good ; stables fair. Guard duty poor ; this same 
fault was noted last year, and needs attention. 



38 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

The troop was inspected in camp by Captain England, A. C, 
U. S. A. 

An excellent tour of duty was performed on Hooker Day, the 
appearance, distances and discipline being excellent. 

This organization is an earnest, hard-working body of men, and 
I consider it ready for any emergency requiring the use of cavalry. 

Signal Corps. 
Attendance at armory inspection was an improvement over the 
previous year. First Brigade Corps, out of an enrollment of 1 
officer and 25 men, had all present except 1 enlisted man, who was 
absent without leave, — a gain of 4 ; Second Brigade Corps, 
enrollment 25, present 25, — a gain of 4. 

First Brigade Corps. 

The commander had but recently assumed command, and there 
were many new recruits, but they were doing conscientious and 
intelligent work. 

Personnel excellent. Condition of kits excellent. Clothing and 
equipments very good. Books and papers satisfactory. Cash 
balance, $68.33, — a loss of $382.42. 

Drills satisfactory. Signal, heliograph and telegraph instruction 
excellent. 

Second Brigade Corps. 

Personnel excellent. Drills very good. Signal, heliograph and 
telegraph instruction excellent. About one-half of the men are 
electricians. 

Books and papers fair only. Property books not properly bal- 
anced, nor vouchers numbered. Cash balance, $77.79, — a gain 
of $39.83. 

Kits were in excellent condition, also clothing and equipments. 

Average attendance of enlisted men at camp was as follows : 
First Brigade Corps, 26f ; absent, |, — a gain of 4|. Second 
Brigade Corps, 25^ ; absent, f , — a gain of If. 

Owing to weather conditions, the work of the corps at First 
Brigade camp was seriously handicapped. The absence of the 
sun prevented heliograph work to any extent, and the damp, heavy 
atmosphere prevented long-distance flag signalling. 

Roll calls were well attended. Military courtesy good. Disci- 
pline excellent. Policing of camp excellent. Care of quarters not 
satisfactory, but improved during the week. 

The Second Brigade Corps performed an excellent tour of duty. 
Military courtesy and discipline good. Roll calls satisfactory. 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 39 

Policing of camp excellent, care of quarters very good. Uni- 
formity in arranging contents of tents showed improvement. A 
number of poor canteens and a few dirty lantern globes were 
noticed. 

This corps, through the courtesy of the Worcester & Boston 
Street Railway Company in loaning two search lights and allowing 
the tapping of their field wires, was enabled to do excellent search- 
light signalling and to perform several electrical experiments. 

Lieutenant Stevens and his men invented a plow to lay wires 
under ground, also portable telephones, that were compact and 
very serviceable. The plow was of an ordinary hand type, but 
in place of the mold board there was a knife that cut a six-inch 
trench. In the rear of the knife was a tube through which the 
wire was run, then followed a small roller that relaid and rolled 
the sod again. Some 5,000 feet of wire were laid in about two 
hours. 

Flag and heliograph signalling by day and torch signalling by 
night were carried on with excellent results. 

Both corps are in excellent condition. Officers and men are 
thoroughly interested in their work, and deserve all the encourage- 
ment that can be given them. 

Ambulance Corps. 

With an enrollment of 3 officers and 49 enlisted men, there were 
present at armory inspection 3 officers and 46 men, 1 corporal and 
2 men being absent, 1 being sick, and the other absent without 
leave. The absent corporal was a colored cook, who takes no 
part in the corps work. He is paid for his services, and is not 
expected to be present, excepting when his services as cook are 
required. 

State property was well cared for. Some blouses were much 
worn, and quite a number ill fitting ; the overcoats were in rather 
bad condition, and, moreover, were not of uniform pattern. This 
has been reported before, and should be corrected. Brassards 
were soiled, frayed and much worn. New overcoats of uniform 
pattern, and some new blouses, should be issued. 

Books and papers neatly and properly kept, with the exception 
of the fund book, which is not kept or audited in the prescribed 
manner. Captain Bell informed the inspector that this fault would 
be rectified at once. 

Amount spent for all purposes, $741.70; cash balance, as 
reported by the commanding officer, $425, — a gain of $329.22 
over last year. 

Administration very good. Personnel excellent. In addition 



40 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

to the formal inspection, the corps was put through a short drill, 
followed by a litter drill, an exemplification of first aid to the 
injured, transporting the wounded, bandaging, improvising splints, 
litters, etc. The entire work showed commendable knowledge, 
enthusiasm and skill. 

The attendance of the detachment detailed for duty at the camp 
of the First Brigade was 29 J, 1 man being absent one day. 

It performed its duty in a satisfactory manner. Attendance at 
roll calls good. Military courtesy fair. Policing of camp and 
quarters excellent. 

The weather conditions were extremely bad, but little sickness 
resulted, only 4 cases being treated in the brigade hospital. 

On Hooker Day the detachment performed its full duty. Its 
passage in review was somewhat handicapped by being directly in 
rear of the cavalry, which resulted in loss of distances. 

The work of the detachment detailed to the Second Brigade 
camp was not quite as satisfactory. Average attendance, 1 officer, 
27^- men ; absent, 1 officer and 3f men. 

Lack of promptness at roll calls and lack of uniformity in dress 
were noticeable. Military courtesy fair only. Discipline good. 
Policing of camp and care of quarters excellent. A few rusty or 
dirty dippers were noticed. The quality of the steel in the blades 
of the sheath knives is very poor, and in consequence they are all 
very much nicked. 

There was but little sickness in camp, and the corps was not 
called on to demonstrate any great ability in its distinctive work, 
excepting at the time of the unfortunate accident to Maj. A. R. 
Hooper of the general staff, who was thrown from his horse just 
prior to the review on Governor's Day. The ambulance was called, 
and carried Major Hooper from headquarters mess hall to the 
brigade hospital, where an examination made by General Blood 
and Captain Bell demonstrated that the major's left leg was 
fractured just below the knee. The bone was set, and the major 
sent to Boston on the 4 o'clock express. An ambulance was 
summoned to meet him at the train, and he was conveyed to his 
home in East Boston,- under the care of an Ambulance Corps 
doctor. The expeditious and skillful manner in which this case 
was handled reflects great credit on Captain Bell and his assistants, 
and demonstrated the fact that the corps is ready for such an 
emergency. 

The command is doing excellent work, and is deserving of all 
the encouragement that can be given it. 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 41 



Guard Duty. " 
Guard duty was given particular attention by this department, 
and Lieutenant Colonel Carpenter, A. I. G., was detailed to com- 
pare the work of the several organizations. A decided lack of 
uniformity in instruction was found, and more attention to this 
important duty is imperative. Sentinels should receive more care- 
ful instruction as to the meaning of their general orders, insignia 
of rank and courtesy. A new guard book should be provided for 
all guard quarters, that a more complete record of the work of the 
various guards be had. Guard schools should be held at regular 
intervals, and before sentinels are put on post, especially at the 
important ones. Competent officers should be detailed in each 
organization to carefully map out and follow up the necessary 
instruction to bring guard work up to the standard expected. 

Recommendations . 
As prescribed by paragraph 566 of regulations, the following 
suggestions for the improvements of the militia are respectfully 
submitted : — 

I. That regiment and battalion camps be held every other year, 
or at least once in three years. 

II. That the armory act be so amended that it may embrace 
cities and towns where only one company is located, at the discre- 
tion of the Adjutant General. Much better results can be obtained 
if such companies are given the same facilities for work as are 
enjoyed by companies located in State armories. 

III. That systematic instruction be given officers in the prepa- 
ration of military papers, and a sample set of same be issued to 
each headquarters and company. 

IV. That all enlisted men care for their own rifles, use more care 
in their preservation, and become familiar with their mechanism. 

V. That the rank of Assistant Inspector General be raised to 
that of colonel. 

VI. That the two Signal Corps be consolidated under the com- 
mand of a captain. 

VII. That field officers exercise more careful supervision over 
their companies, especially at home stations. 

VIII. That more attention be given to the study and instruc- 
tion in guard duty. This is the weakest spot in the militia to-day. 
As a rule, enlisted men can repeat their general orders and instruc- 
tions, but cannot explain or apply them. 

IX. That blankets of a uniform pattern be issued to all bands. 



42 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

X. That new cavalry guidons, similar to those in use by the 
United States Army, be issued to replace those now in use. 

XI. That an Assistant Inspector General, who shall be a naval 
officer with rank of commander, be added to the general staff. 

XII. That non-commissioned officers of brigade staffs be 
detailed from the line. 

XIII. That a yearly allowance for uniforms be granted to com- 
missioned officers. The constantly occurring changes in the bill 
of dress make an actual hardship on many of the officers to-day, 
and keep many efficient men from accepting commissions. 

XIV. That the enlisted men of each Signal Corps be armed 
with revolvers, and be made eligible to qualify as marksmen ; and 
that the corps be furnished with two extra heliograph outfits for 
intermediate stations, two ninety-volt search lights, strong hunt- 
ing knives and small belt axes. 

XV. That the issue of distinguished marksman's medals be con- 
fined to officers and men who have won distinction with rifles. 
Under the present system, any one detailed to accompany the 
State team to Sea Girt becomes a distinguished marksman without 
it being necessary to fire a shot. 

XVI. That white mustering clothes, a second white working 
suit and white undershirts without buttons be issued to the Naval 
Brigade. 

XVII. That a sum of money not exceeding $50 be appropriated 
for this department, to pay for postage and other incidental and 
necessary expenses. 

In conclusion, I wish to express my gratitude for the assistance 
you have so generously accorded me, and to record my apprecia- 
tion of the valuable and efficient work performed by the officers of 
this department, they having discharged all duties assigned them 
with fidelity and zeal. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

WILLIAM H. BRIGHAM, 

Brigadier General and Inspector General. 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 43 



REPORT OF THE SURGEON GENERAL. 



Surgeon General's Office, Boston, Jan. 1, 1904. 

Brig. Gen. Samuel Dalton, Adjutant General, Massachusetts. 

Sir : — I have the honor to forward my report for the year 1903. 

At the present time the medical department of the Massachu- 
setts Volunteer Militia, as a whole, is in good condition. The 
medical officers are gentlemen of character, honest, faithful, intel- 
ligent workers, having the honor of the State at heart. The work 
done by this department has been good, although inspections of 
the various camps showed no marked improvement over last year, 
in some respects the showing being not quite up to that high 
standard, which was rather exceptional. 

Not having had the honor of inspecting the First Regiment 
Heavy Artillery camp at Portland, I can give no personal account 
of the camp sanitation of this regiment. I believe it was good. 
The First and Second Brigade camps were kept in good con- 
dition, although this was at the expense of much lime, petroleum 
oil and sulphate of iron. 

If the State camp at Framingham is to be used as a muster field 
or camp of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, something should 
be done at once to improve the sanitary conditions. New and 
larger latrines or more modern sanitary arrangements should be 
put in use, new and more modern bathing facilities should be con- 
structed, and the camp building put into first-class, up-to-date 
condition. 

I myself am in favor of smaller or regimental camps, where con- 
ditions such as would be found in actual warfare would obtain ; or 
a more extensive brigade camp ground, that would accommodate 
at one time the whole State militia, using tents, and requiring the 
troops to muster under actual war conditions, or as near as possi- 
ble to those conditions. 

The camp of the First Corps of Cadets, as I saw it, was never 
better or more nearly perfect in every way. I am proud of this 
corps ; it is a credit to the State. 

The inspection of the Second Corps of Cadets is always a 
pleasure, and this year's inspection was no exception. The bath- 



44 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

ing facilities are good, latrines well built and well cared for, and 
all the camp buildings, as seen from a medical stand-point, good. 
The water supply is ample and of good quality. 

The camp of the Fifth Regiment was delightfully located, and, 
judgiug from reports of the medical officers, there was very little 
sickness. 

The medical department did good work on Hooker Day, under 
the supervision of Lieutenant Colonel Foster. Surgeons and 
assistant surgeons from each regiment and corps were detailed to 
hospital erected on Common, and also at relief stations on route 
of procession. This good work was fully appreciated by the 
Surgeon General. 

The work of the medical officers in my department during the 
past year has been of a kind that gives me great satisfaction. I 
believe the work has never been surpassed in the history of the 
militia. 

The annual meeting of the military surgeons of Army, Navy and 
National Guard, United States, was held in Boston, May 19, 20 
and 21. The meeting was fairly well attended. Representatives 
from Russia, England, Italy, Mexico and Canada were in attend- 
ance. These delegates were noted surgeons, many of them vet- 
erans. As Surgeon General and president of the association 
I was very anxious to give the visiting surgeons a reception 
worthy of the State and city, and one that would be a credit 
to the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia. I am happy to say that, 
with the assistance of His Excellency and Council, Captain 
Standish and the entertainment committee, Colonel Foster and the 
finance committee, and the co-operation of all the militia, we were 
able to do this, and more. I feel well satisfied with the result. It 
only remains for me personally and in the name of the State and 
association to thank one and all who assisted in any way to make 
the meeting a success. For that kind assistance I desire here to 
especially mention the First Corps Cadets for their great favor in 
allowing our reception to the association to be held in the armory 
of the corps. I feel under great obligations to Colonel Edmands 
and his officers for this favor, and through Colonel Edmands I 
desire to extend my thanks to all the officers and men who in the 
least helped us to make the reception such a success. 

I also extend my thanks to Captain Cushing and the Ancient and 
Honorable Artillery Company for the unexpected entertainment" of 
the association members and ladies at their armory after the open- 
ing meeting. The lunch and courtesies to members of the associa- 
tion were fully appreciated. 

The kindness of Colonel Frye in tendering of a battalion review 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 45 

at South armory in presence of the association members and 
ladies was fully appreciated. I thank him and his officers and 
men for it. 

I also desire to express my appreciation of the kindness to the 
association by the Automobile Club in giving the visitors such a 
pleasurable ride to Lexington and Concord. This was a most 
pleasant occasion. 

To the surgeons of the Massachusetts militia I extend my heart- 
felt thanks for the manner in which they supported me financially 
and in every way possible to make the meeting in Boston one long 
to be remembered. 

I again wish to call the attention of surgeons, who have the care 
of the medical and surgical supplies furnished, to the necessity of 
taking every precaution to prevent the unnecessary loss of such 
supplies. Officers will be held strictly accountable for all instru- 
ments furnished by this department. 

To His Excellency, — my associations with you have always 
been very pleasant, and more particularly so during the past year. 
The many kindnesses which you have shown me will never be for- 
gotten. Allow me to thank you. 

As usual, I am greatly indebted to General Dalton and Colonel 
Capelle for favors. No one could have been more kind to me than 
these gentlemen. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

ROBERT A. BLOOD, 

Surgeon General. 



46 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSARY GENERAL. 



Commissary General's Office, Boston, Not. 30, 1903. 

Brig. Gen. Samuel Dalton, Adjutant General, Boston, Mass. 

Sir : — I have the honor to submit the report of the subsistence 
department of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia for the current 
year. 

Pursuant to General Orders, No. 7, A. G. O., current series, 
the several commands comprising the Massachusetts Volunteer 
Militia performed the camp duty required. I was present during 
the encampment of each brigade. 

The First Brigade encamped at Framingham from June 20 to 
27 inclusive. In general, the system of supply distribution used 
last year was followed this year, as were the same forms of 
requisition blanks. 

Upon my application the Adjutant General detailed Lieut. Col. 
Frederick B. Carpenter of the Inspector General's department to 
act as my assistant at each encampment, and in him I found a 
conscientious, painstaking and capable officer. He had almost 
entire charge of the distribution of the commissary stores. 

All supplies furnished were of the best quality, and were 
delivered promptly at the time specified in orders ; and when the 
mess call sounded, all meals were in readiness. Blank No. 11, 
adopted last year, greatly facilitated the work, so much so that 
the paymaster of each command received on Saturday (the day of 
breaking camp) an itemized account of all supplies issued to such 
command during the tour of duty, together with a rebate check for 
any sum advanced by him in excess of liability. Each command 
left the camp ground with all its accounts settled with the com- 
missary department. A deposit of 75 cents per man (partially to 
cover expenditure for guests) was required of each command, and 
the actual cost per ration per day was 34 cents, the balance being 
returned as above stated. 

In order that some idea may be had of the amount of supplies 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 47 

necessarily purchased, I submit an accurate account of those con- 
sumed by the First Brigade during the tour of duty (7 days), 
June 20 to 27 inclusive, 1903 : — 

Pounds. 

Meats and fish, 33,248 

Bread and flour, 10,947 

Lard 1,050 

Butter, 2,718 

Milk, 1,922 cans, 30,752 

Eggs, 5,280 dozen, . 7,920 

Prunes, 800 

Beans, 1,560 

Corn meal, 570 

Rice 880 

Baking powder, 170 

Potatoes, onions and vegetables, .... 34,630 

Coffee and tea, 1,850 

Sugar, 4,720 

Molasses, 141 quarts, 353 

Vinegar, 38 gallons, . 266 

Salt, . . . 730 

Pepper, 42 

Peas, 510 cans, 1,020 



144,226 



The cost of the above to the several commands was 34 cents per 
ration per man. 

The encampment of the Second Brigade (except the Fifth Regi- 
ment Infantry and Light Battery A) was held at Framingham, 
July 18 to 24, 1903. The duty required of the commissary depart- 
ment during this period was but a repetition of that required by 
the First Brigade in June. 

I have not heard a single complaint, either as to the quality or 
quantity of the food provided. 

All paymasters received itemized accounts and checks for bal- 
ance of money due them before breaking camp. 

Captains Shipton and England, army officers detailed by the 
War Department to report on the condition of the Massachusetts 
Volunteer Militia, took special interest in the manner in which the 
subsistence department was conducted. They examined and 
approved all blank forms used, and followed the ration from the 
time it was issued until it reached the command requiring it. 
Their approbation was several times expressed, and each upon 
departure carried with him a set of our blank forms. 



48 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

The Second Brigade (excepting the Fifth Regiment Infantry 
and Light Battery A) performed only its annual camp duty at 
Framingham, the duty in Boston on Hooker Day, June 25, being 
in lieu of annual drill. 

The cost per ration per man per day for the Second Brigade 
was 33 cents. 

The Fifth Regiment Infantry, Second Brigade, M. V. M., 
encamped at Duxbury, August 8 to 14 inclusive. 

The First Corps Cadets encamped at Hingham, July 12 to 18 ; 
the Second Corps Cadets at Boxford, July 18 to 24 inclusive. 

Battery A, Light Artillery, made a practice march in July, by 
special order, instead of encamping with the Second Brigade. 

The supplies for each of the above commands were purchased 
by the regimental commissary, or an officer detailed to act as 
purchasing agent for the Commissary General. The bills for 
expense thus incurred, with check to cover same, were forwarded 
to the Commissary General, and settlements were made by him in 
accordance with orders. 

The cost per ration for these commands was as follows : — 

Cents. 

Fifth Regiment Infantry, 33 

First Corps Cadets, 35 

Second Corps Cadets, 53 

Battery A, Light Artillery, . . . . . .68 

The annual tours of duty of the First Regiment Heavy Artillery 
and the Naval Brigade, M. V. M., were held in connection with 
the manoeuvres of the United States troops and the war ships 
of the United States Navy off Portland in August, by special 
orders. The national government furnished rations for the militia 
troops, as well as those of the army, therefore this department 
had nothing to do regarding the rationing of these two latter 
commands. 

The present system of subsistence in the militia has been in 
operation now four years, — a test which in my opinion sufficiently 
guarantees its success. 

I respectfully recommend that the company quartermaster 
sergeants be required to familiarize themselves with what con- 
stitutes a ration, and that this instruction be given in the armory, 
or at some time and place other than at camp. This can easily be 
accomplished by a little study of. Form No. 7, commissary depart- 
ment blanks, which contains the printed ration as adopted in 
General Orders, and will of itself furnish the desired familiarity. 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 49 

I desire to acknowledge the hearty co-operation of all connected 
with this department, and of those who have been detailed to it. 

My thanks are due General Dalton for all needed assistance, 
and to Lieutenant Colonel Carpenter, who so well performed the 
duties required of him during the encampments of the First and 
Second brigades. 

I have the honor to be, General, very respectfully, your obedient 
servant, 

FRED. W. WELLINGTON, 

Brigadier General, Commissary General, M. V. M. 



50 ADJUTANT GENEEAL'S REPOET. [Jan. 



REPORT OF THE JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL. 



Judge Advocate General's Office, 
Boston, Dec. 14, 1903. 

Brig. Gen. Samuel Dalton, Adjutant General, Boston. 

Sir : — I have the honor to make my report for the current year. 

Of the regimental courts-martial held during the year, the pro- 
ceedings in twenty cases were referred to me for review, and upon 
these several cases my reports in writing have been made. No 
general court-martial was held during the year. My opinions in 
writing have been given upon the several matters pertaining to the 
government of the militia that have been referred to me for advice. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

HENRY S. DEWEY, 

Brigadier General and Judge Advocate General. 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 51 



REPOET OF BOARD OF MILITARY EXAMINERS. 



I 
^Office of the Examining Board for 

Officers of the Volunteer Militia, 

State House, Boston, Mass., Dec. 31, 1903. 

Brig. Gen. Samuel Daltois, Adjutant General. 

Sir : — I have the honor to submit, in behalf of the Examining 
Board, the following report : — 

During the year 1903 the Board held 31 meetings and examined 
130 officers; passed 122 as competent, rejected 8 as incompetent. 

Of the officers examined, .06385 per cent, failed to pass, while 
during the years 1899-1900, 12.095 per cent.; 1900-1901, .039 
per cent. ; and 1901-1902, .08989 per cent, failed. 

All the necessary records and papers have been completed for 
the year. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

WM. A. BANCROFT, 

Major General (retired), President. 



52 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



REPORT OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL OF RIFLE 

PRACTICE. 



Office of the Inspector General of Rifle Practice, 
State House, Boston, Dec. 31, 1903. 

Brig. Gen. Samuel Dalton, Adjutant General. 

Sir : — I have the honor to submit the report of this department 
for the year ending Dec. 31, 1903. 

Orders and Circulars. 

The following orders and circulars relating to the department 
have been issued from the office of the Adjutant General during 
the year : — 

G-eneral Orders, No. 3, January 9, publishing results of State, 
general, regimental and corps competitions for 1902, and the award 
of prizes. 

General Orders, No. 5, January 30, reaffirming General Orders, 
No. 5, series of 1902. 

Circular, April 4, giving assignments of targets at Walnut Hill. 

General Orders, No. 8, April 24, giving dates and information 
in regard to competitions for places on Sea Girt team. 

Circular, July 25, publishing requirements for qualification with 
Krag-Jorgensen rifle. 

General Orders, No. 10, relating to Sea Girt team. 

General Orders, No. 11, publishing special duty details, and 
regulations for State rifle and carbine competitions. 

General Orders, No. 12, publishing results of State, general, 
regimental and corps competitions for 1903. 

Efficiency. 

Although last year's record was the highest ever attained, it is 
gratifying to be able to report that the percentage of efficients this 
year is 96.78 per cent., — a gain over 1902 of 1.80 per cent. 

The following table summarizes the year's work : — 



1904.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



53 



Original qualifications, 
Requalifications, 
Efficients not requalifying, 



2,969 

2,279 

352 



Total, 5,600 



Marksmen of record in service Nov. 1, 1903, . 
Unqualified men in service Nov. 1, 1903, . 

Aggregate strength, subject to range work, 

Of the 186 unqualified men : — 

The general staff returns . 
The First Brigade returns 
The Second Brigade returns 
The Naval Brigade returns 
The Second Corps Cadets returns 

The unqualified men in the First Brigade are : — 



From headquarters, 

From First Heavy Artillery, . 

From Troop F, unattached, .... 

The unqualified men in the Second Brigade are 

From Fifth Infantr} 7 , 

From Eighth Infantry, 

From Ninth Infantry, 

From First Battalion Cavalr3 T , .... 

Aggregate strength, subject to range work, 
Unqualified men, ...... 



1902. 

5,560 
279 



5,600 
186 

5,786 



3 

5 

94 

52 

32 



15 

48 
30 

1 

1903. 

5,786 
186 



The companies in each organization having the largest number 
of unqualified men are as follows : — 



First Regiment Heavy Artillery, Battery 
Fifth Regiment Infantry, Company H, 
Fifth Regiment Infantry, Company M, 
Eighth Regiment Infantry, Company A, 
Eighth Regiment Infantry, Company M, 
Eighth Regiment Infantry, Company F, 
Eighth Regiment Infantry, Company H, 
Eighth Regiment Infantry, Company D, 
Eighth Regiment Infantry, Company E, 
Eighth Regiment Infantry, Company G, 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, Company H, 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, Company E, 



D, 



1 

7 

4 

14 

10 

5 

5 

4 

4 

4 

12 

8 



54 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



Ninth Regiment Infantry, Company B, 
Second Corps Cadets, Company A, 
Second Corps Cadets, Company D, 
Second Corps Cadets, Company C, 
Second Corps Cadets, Company B, 
Naval Brigade, Company F, 
Naval Brigade, Company B, 
Naval Brigade, Company A, 
Naval Brigade, Company I, 
Headquarters First Battalion Cavalry, 
Troop F, unattached, .... 



3 

13 

9 

5 

19 
10 
9 
5 
1 
2 



Attention is again called, with emphasis, to the fact that too 
large a proportion of officers fail to qualify or requalify. Out of 
the 484 officers allowed by law (according to the Adjutant Gen- 
eral's report, 1902), 84 did not qualify or requalify, — over 17 per 
cent. 

Honorable Mention. 

The field and staff of the Second Brigade, the Second Regiment 
Infantry, the Sixth Regiment Infantry and the First Corps Cadets 
returned 100 per cent, efficients. 

The First Heavy Artillery returns but 1 unqualified man. 

The First Battalion of Cavalry, which last year returned 32 
unqualified men, this year returns but 1. 

Troop D, which in 1901 and 1902 reported 20 unqualified men, 
this year has every officer and man a qualified marksman. Only 2 
failed to requalify. 

The following companies, having the maximum legal enrollment, 
have qualified every officer and man : — 

First Heavy Artillery, batteries A, B, G, E and M. 
Second Regiment Infantry, companies A, G and H. ' 
Fifth Regiment Infantry, companies F and G. 
Sixth Regiment Infantry, companies A, B, E, G and L. 
Eighth Regiment Infantry, Company C. 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, companies D and L. 
Naval Brigade, Company G. 

The following companies, having less than the maximum legal 
enrollment, have qualified every officer and man : — 

First Heavy Artillery, batteries F and H. 

Second Regiment Infantry, companies D, E, I, K and L. 

Fifth Regiment Infantry, companies B and D. 

Sixth Regiment Infantry, companies C, D, F, I, K and M. 

Eighth Regiment Infantry, companies B and I. 

Ninth Regiment Infantry, companies A, F, G, I, K and M. 

Naval Brigade, Company H. 



1904.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



55 



Company A, First Corps Cadets (63 men), has qualified every 
officer and man. 

Forty-four companies, 10 more than last year, have qualified or 
requalified every officer and man. 

Sixty-three companies, 13 more than last year, report 100 per 
cent, efficients. 

Qualification Requirements. 
A circular issued by this department, dated July 25, 1903, 
allowed the use of the Krag-Jorgensen rifle in qualification, scores 
to be made as follows : — 

At 200 yards, the same as with the Springfield rifle for all classes. 
At 500 yards one point, and at 600 yards two points, were added to 
the qualification requirements for these ranges. 

Otherwise, the conditions were identical with those of 1902. 

Figure of Merit. 

The points allowed for qualification have been on the same basis 
as last year. 

The following table shows the increase in the figure of merit 
over last year, on a percentage basis : — 





Percentage, 


Percentage, 




1903. 


1903. 


First Regiment, 


67.30 


68.14 


Second Regiment, 








70.70 


80.74 


Fifth Regiment, . 








63.33 


60.92* 


Sixth Regiment, . 








69.54 


73.82 


Eighth Regiment, 








54.99 


63.93 


Ninth Regiment, 








50.53 


59.27 


First Corps Cadets, . 








89.59 


81.69* 


Second Corps Cadets, 








39.76 


38.48* 


Naval Brigade, . 








56.77 


56.61* 


First Battalion Cavalry, 








48.85 


71.19 


Troop F, . 








65.00 


68.25 


General staff, 








10.52 


51.58 


First Brigade staff, 








52.50 


37.00* 


Second Brigade staff, . 








35.29 


51.00 



* Decrease. 



The possible points (rifle only) of all these organizations, includ- 
ing general and headquarters staffs, were 28,930. 

The points actually made were 19,239, or 66.50 per cent., — a 
gain over 1902 of 4.42 per cent. 



56 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



Monet and Monet Allowances. 
The money allowances have been as follows : — 

First Heavy Artillery, 

Second Regiment Infantry, 

Fifth Regiment Infantry, . 

Sixth Regiment Infantry, 

Eighth Regiment Infantry, 

Ninth Regiment Infantry, 

First Corps Cadets, . 

Second Corps Cadets, 

Naval Brigade, . 

First Battalion Cavalry, 

Troop F, . 

First Brigade, headquarters, 

Second Brigade, headquarters, 

Battery B, First Battalion Light Artillery, 

Battery C, First Battalion Light Artillery, 

Battery A, unattached, .... 

Total, 

Money allowance in 1902, . 

Increase in 1903, .... 



> 1,285 50 

1,504 50 

1,166 50 

1,403 50 

1,149 00 

1,129 50 

551 50 

170 00 

744 00 

307 50 

140 00 

22 00 

33 50 

16 50 

13 50 

42 00 

£9,679 00 
8,812 50 



$866 50 



Decorations and Trophies. 

Military engravings with inscription plates have been issued to 
the winning teams in the corps competitions, also medals and cups 
to individual prize winners. There were 8,186 decorations issued, 
— 397 more than in 1902. 

The bill of dress, adopted April 1, 1903 (General Orders, No. 
6), General Regulations A, 6, stipulates : — 

The badges to be worn on the left breast of the coat, suspended by a 
ribbon from a bar of metal passed through the upper ends and tops of 
the ribbons, forming a horizontal line, the outer ends of which will be 
from three to four inches below the top of the shoulder, according to 
the height of the wearer. 

With the dress or service coat, the ribbons only of the above-mentioned 
medals, bars and decorations for excellence in rifle work will be worn. 
They will be worn on the left breast of the coat, forming a horizontal 
line, the outer end of which will be from three to four inches below the 
top of the shoulder, according to the height of the wearer ; the ribbons 
not to exceed a quarter of an inch in length. 

In compliance with the provisions of this paragraph, the decora- 
tions issued for qualifications made this year will be issued with 



1904.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



57 



ribbon attached, to be worn in the manner specified above, 
colors of the ribbons will be as follows : — 



The 



Distinguished marksmen, red. 

Expert marksmen, dark blue and white. 

Sharpshooters, dark blue. 

First, second and third class, the same colors as prescribed in General 
Orders, No. 16, series of 1897. 

First class revolver, the same colors as prescribed in General Orders, 
No. 16, series of 1897. 

Second class revolver, plain rifle green. 

Samples of these ribbons, indicating exact shade of color to be 
used, also sample of the bar from which all medals will be sus- 
pended, can be seen at the office of this department, Room 108, 
State House. 

Revolver Practice. 

Three hundred and thirty-three officers and 200 men, 533 in all, 
qualified with the revolver, as against 424 in 1902, — a gain of 
109. This is very satisfactory, as compared with the records of 
past years. It is especially gratifying that 65 more officers have 
qualified this year than last year. 

Recapitulation. 



Enrollment, ....... 

Efficients, 

Unqualified members, 

Qualifications made, . . . . 

Money allowances, 

Marksmen of record who failed to requalify, 

Revolver qualifications, 

Decorations awarded, 

Increase in rifle qualification over 1902, 
Increase in revolver qualification over 1902, 



Number and class of marksmen : — 
Experts, . 
Sharpshooters, 
First class, 
Second class, . 
Third class, . 

Totals, . 



1902. 




1903. 


5,560 




5,786 


5,281 




5,600 


279 




186 


4,955 




5,247 


,812 50 


$9,679 00 


326 




353 


424 




533 


7,789 


292 
109 


8,186 


1902. 




1903. 


181 




317 


854 




892 


671 




672 


2,302 




2,585 


1,273 




1,134 



5,281 



5,600 



From the above table it will be noted that, although the enroll- 
ment is increased 226 over last year, the department records 319 
more efficients. The tendency seems to be to qualify in the higher 
classes, as is shown by the fact that in the third class qualifications 



58 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



there is a falling off of 139, while the second class qualifications 
show an increase of 283 over 1902. The 1902 report showed only 
88 increase over the previous year. 

The State General Competitions. 

The State general rifle competition was held at Walnut Hill, 
Woburn, Thursday, October 1, and the carbine competition at the 
same place, Thursday, October 8. The weather conditions were 
favorable on both days. 

The rifle match was shot, as last year, at 500 and 600 yards. 

The total number of points was 330 more than last year. 

In order to provide for the possibility of unfavorable weather 
conditions, such as made the contest in 1902 so uncomfortable, a 
number of tents were pitched on the ranges between the 500 and 
600 yard firing points, and one was assigned to each organization. 
A large hospital tent was erected, for the use of the executive and 
statistical officers. 

The following officers were detailed at the rifle competition : — 

Lieut. Col. Otis H. Marion, medical director, First Brigade. 
Lieut. Col. George H. Benyon, A. I. G., staff Commander-in-Chief. 
Lieut. Col. Edward J. Gihon, A. I. G., staff Commander-in-Chief. 
Lieut. Col. Frederick B. Carpenter, A. I. G., staff Commander-in-Chief , 

statistical officer. 
Capt. Walter H. Woods, First Brigade staff. 
Capt. Albert L. Wyrnan, Second Brigade staff. 
Capt. John P. Kane, paymaster. Ninth Infantry. 
Lieut. Christopher Harrison, signal officer. 

The Sixth Regiment Infantry won the tri-color, with a score of 
1,276 points out of a possible 1,500 points. 

The First Regiment Heavy Artillery was second, with a score 
of 1,268 points. 

The following table shows the standing of the various organi- 
zations in this competition, as compared with 1902 : — 









1903. 


1902. 


Sixth Regiment Infantry, .... 1,276 


1,216 


First Heavy Artillery, . 






1,268 


1,237 


Second Regiment Infantry, . 






1,223 


1,239 


Naval Brigade, 






1,206 


1,118 


First Corps Cadets, 




• 


1,204 


1,228 


Eighth Regiment Infantry, 






1,174 


1,228 


Fifth Regiment Infantry, 






1,161 


1,194 


Ninth Regiment Infantry, 






1,086 


860 


Second Corps Cadets, 






988 


936 


Totals, . 


10,586 


10,256 


Gain, 


330 p 


oints. 







1904] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 59 

In the cavalry competition the guidon trophy was won by Troop 
D, with a score of 767 out of a possible 1,000 points, at 200 and 
500 yards, — an increase over last year of 82 points. 

Troop A was second, with a score of 755. 

The scores were all much better than last year, as will be seen 
from the following table : — 

1903. 1903. 

Troop D,. . 685 767 

Troop A, 679 755 

Troop F, 649 740 

Totals, 2,013 2,262 

■ Total gain in points, 249. 

The following officers were detailed for this competition : — 

Lieut. Col. John Perrins, Jr., A. 1. G., staff Commander-in-Chief. 
Lieut. Arthur G. Scoboria, assistant surgeon, Troop F. 
Lieut. Alfred M. Blinn, paymaster, First Battalion Cavalry. 
Lieut. John Caswell, I. R. P., Eighth Regiment Infantry. 
Lieut. Robert McMeekin, I. R. P , Fifth Regiment Infantry. 
Lieut. Albert J Walton, I. R. P., First Battalion Cavalry. 

Corps Competition. 

The annual regimental and corps competitions of company teams 
were held as follows : — 

First Regiment Heavy Artillery, at Walnut Hill, October 20. 
Second Regiment Infantry, Holyoke, September 16. 
Fifth Regiment Infantry, Walnut Hill, September 15. 
Sixth Regiment Infantry, Walnut Hill, September 21. 
Eighth Regiment Infantry, Walnut Hill, September 14. 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, Walnut Hill, October 9. 
First Corps Cadets, Hingham, October 17. 
Second Corps Cadets, Boxford, September 24. 
Naval Brigade, Walnut Hill, October 26. 

The company teams this year were reduced from 15 to 10 men, 
firing 10 shots each. 

Interstate Competitions. 

The work of the rifle team selected to represent the State in the 
competitions at Sea Girt, N. J., in 1902, was so satisfactory, and 
the results of this work so encouraging, that on recommendation 
of the chief of this department, approved by the Adjutant General, 
the Legislature again made a special appropriation of $2,000 
(chapter 32, Acts and Resolves of 1903), for the expenses of 



60 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

another team to represent the Commonwealth in the competitions 
for the national and other trophies, at Sea Girt, September 8 and 9. 

This team consisted of 12 officers and men and 3 substitutes, 
selected by the same method as last year. 

Forty-six candidates from the infantry organizations met at 
Walnut Hill on several occasions, and the following members of 
the team were finally selected and announced in General Orders, 
No. 10: — 

Lieut. Fred H. Turn bull, Company E, Naval Brigade. 

Lieut. John B. Paine, staff, First Heavy Artillery. 

Lieut. Archibald McMillan, staff, Sixth Regiment Infantry. 

Col. Sergt. Axel T. Tornrose, First Heavy Artillery. 

Col. Sergt. George M. Jefts, Sixth Regiment Infantry. 

Q. M. Sergt. James H. Keough, Company A, Sixth Regiment Infantry. 

Q. M. Sergt. C. David Berg, Company L, Fifth Regiment Infantry. 

First Sergt. Charles J. Jeffers, Company D, Eighth Regiment Infantry. 

Sergt. David D. McTaggart, Company A, Second Regiment Infantry. 

Bugler, George W. Chesley, Company A, Sixth Regiment Infantry. 

Private William T. Abbott, Company I, Eighth Regiment Infantry. 

Private John W. Blake, Battery B, First Regiment Heavy Artillery. 

Private James Durward, Company G, Fifth Regiment Infantry. 

Private George W. Reid, Company A, Sixth Regiment Infantry. 

Private Joshua D. Upton, Company A, Sixth Regiment Infantry. 

The officers of the team were : — 

Team captain, Inspector General of Rifle Practice. 
Surgeon, Lieut. Col. Otis H. Marion, medical director, First Brigade. 
Quartermaster, Capt. Albert L. Wyman, quartermaster, Second Brigade. 
Adjutant, Lieut. John M. Portal, staff, First Heavy Artillery. 

The competitions for the " Hilton" and "Interstate" trophies 
at Sea Girt, which formerly were held under the auspices of the 
National Rifle Association, were this year under General Orders, 
No. 73, Headquarters of the Army, which offered a National trophy 
as a first prize, and the "Hilton" and "Interstate" trophies as 
second and third prizes, respectively, with entirely new conditions, 
namely: distances, 200, 500, 600, 800, 900 and 1,000 yards; 10 
shots by each competitor at each range. 

No member of the Massachusetts team, with one exception, had 
ever shot over any range beyond 600 yards, and when practice 
commenced there was but one 1,000 yard target in the State (at 
Walnut Hill), although another was erected during the summer. 
It was consequently impossible for all to use this range in any one 
day's practice, which greatly retarded our team work. 

The team left Boston for Sea Girt August 27, with the expecta- 
tion of having ten days' practice at that range before the date set 



1904.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



61 



for the match ; but unfortunately a heavy storm, which lasted 
from the morning of our arrival until the opening day of the 
National Rifle Association tournament, prevented any practice 
shooting as a team, although members of the team subsequently 
entered for practice in individual matches. 

In spite of these discouragements, the Massachusetts team took 
third place in the competition, and brought back to Massachusetts 
the Interstate trophy, "The Soldier of Marathon" (last won by 
this State in 1889), and a cash prize of $200. Each member of 
the team also received a bronze medal presented by the United 
States government, and also a medal presented by the National 
Rifle Association. 

The following are the scores of the 15 teams entered : — 



New York (National trophy and $500), . 


. 2,988 


New Jersey (Hilton trophy and $300), . 


. 2,902 


Massachusetts (Interstate trophy and $200), . 


. 2,888 


District of Columbia ($150), . 


. 2,873 


Ohio ($100), .... 


. 


. 2,787 


United States Marine Corps ($50), 


. 


. 2,773 


United States Army (rifle), 


. 


. 2,761 


Connecticut, .... 


. 


. 2,738 


United States Army (carbine), 


. 


. 2,641 


Pennsylvania, . 


. 


. 2,718 


Rhode Island, .... 


. 


. 2,693 


Georgia, 


. 


. 2,684 


United States Navy, . 


. 


. 2,629 


Vermont, 


. 


. 2,302 


Michigan, 




. 2,002 



The officers of the team were of invaluable assistance, and I 
wish to extend to them my grateful appreciation of their many 
courtesies. 

The match was conducted by Maj. John F. Guilfoyle, Twelfth 
United States Cavalry, whose rulings, for their firmness, fairness 
and absolute freedom from partiality, could easily serve as models 
for other officers Who may be called upon to occupy this unenviable 
position. 

It is possible that the conditions of this match may be changed 
again in 1904, and that the competitions may be held in the middle 
west ; but I am firmly of the opinion that, whatever the changes 
may be, either in conditions or location, this State should be rep- 
resented. Our team having now taken its place as one of the 
three leaders, we should not be satisfied with anything less than 
first place, which we can certainly attain if the proper support and 
encouragement are given to this department. 

Permission to enter the various matches of the National Rifle 



62 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPOKT. [Jan. 

Association and the New Jersey State Rifle Association, without 
expense to the Commonwealth, was given to the First Corps Cadets, 
Battery B, First Heavy Artillery, and Light Battery A, unattached. 
In the interstate regimental match, a team composed of members 
of the Massachusetts State team, belonging to the Sixth Regiment 
Infantry, was entered in a list of 27 competing teams, and won 
second place, tying the winning score, — 533 out of a possible 
600, at 200 and 500 yards. 

Range Facilities. 

The new requirements for qualification in small arms practice, 
prescribed by the War Department for the Volunteer Militia, 
termed k ' Class C," are a modification of the small arms firing 
regulations adopted for the regular army, and are somewhat less 
exacting than those which have obtained in this State ; but lack of 
range facilities prevents a compliance with them by the Massachu- 
setts Volunteer Militia, at present. 

The conditions call for 300 and 1,000 yard ranges, which have 
not been constructed in Massachusetts, except as already stated, 
at Walnut Hill, where there are two 1,000 yard targets, and a 300 
yard range is contemplated before the opening of the 1904 shoot- 
ing season. 

Other stipulations are rapid fire and skirmish runs, which are 
impossible of execution with the limited space available on any 
range now in use. 

The Second Corps Cadets offers a reasonable excuse for its 32 
unqualified men, in the fact that a proper range is not provided by 
the city of Salem. The same complaint is made by the command- 
ing officer of Company H, Eighth Regiment Infantry, stationed in 
that city. 

To quote a portion of section 90, chapter 367, Acts of 1893 : — 

The mayor and aldermen of cities and selectmen of towns shall . . . 
provide suitable grounds or places for the . . . target practice of the 
militia belonging to their respective cities and towns. . . . Any city or 
town failing to comply with the provisions of this section shall forfeit 
to the use of the Commonwealth a sum not exceeding five thousand 
dollars. . . . 

This law must be enforced, or the militia organizations stationed 
in the cities and towns which disregard it will rapidly deteriorate 
in efficiency. 

Apropos of this, the Acting Adjutant General of the United 
States Army, in his annual report for 1903, says : " If the military 
efficiency of the soldier is rated as 10, 8-| of these points is accurate 
rifle shooting." 

Since the War Department has taken up this subject of rifle 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 63 

shooting in the militia with such vigor, it is not unlikely that in 
the near future United States inspecting officers, reporting on the 
condition of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, will advise the 
disbandment of the companies which persistently report a large 
number of unqualified men. 

The time is near at hand when the Commonwealth must provide 
a range. There is not one in the State with area enough for 
skirmish firing, and but one or two suitable for long-range work. 
Until the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia is provided with a State 
range, it will be impossible to train men in the broader effective- 
ness with the rifle which is gained by practice in skirmish firing. 
While slow firing at known distances is necessary to teach careful- 
ness in aiming, rapid and skirmish firing develop steadiness and 

self-reliance. 

Appropriations . 

The greater number of qualifications this year caused an increase 
of $866.50 over the money allowance of 1902 ; and a corresponding 
increase in decorations, added to the fact that the cost of publish- 
ing the annual report was for the first time charged to this depart- 
ment, has caused the expenses to exceed the appropriation for 
this department by $1,938.89. 

The issue of the Krag-Jorgensen rifle will considerably augment 
the expense for 1904, so that a larger appropriation will be 
necessary. 

Recommendations . 

1. My recommendation of 1901 and 1902 is most earnestly 
renewed, viz., that a range be provided by the Commonwealth 
sufficiently large for all possible necessities in the rifle work of the 
future. 

2. I again recommend an appropriation of $2,000 for the 
expenses of a team of representative marksmen who shall enter 
the competition for the National trophy, to be held at such time 
and place as shall be decided upon by the Board for the Promotion 
of Rifle Practice in the United States. 

3. That the enlisted men of the Signal Corps be armed with 
revolvers. 

4. That the appropriation for the expenses of this department 
for 1904 be $25,000. 

It is again a pleasure to record my appreciation of the faithful 
and efficient services of the clerk of this department, Sergt. George 
R. Russell, N. C. S., First Regiment Heavy Artillery. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

JAS. G. WHITE, 

Colonel, Inspector General Rifle Practice. 



64 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Office of the Inspector General of Rifle Practice, 
State House, Boston, Sept. 16, 1903. 

Brig. Gen. Samuel Dalton, Adjutant General, State House, Boston. 

General : — I have the honor to submit the following report of 
a tour of duty performed in compliance with General Orders, No. 
8, and General Orders, No. 10, A. G. O., current series. 

The team of expert marksmen and its officers reported at the 
armory of the First Corps of Cadets, Columbus Avenue, at 5.30 p.m., 
August 27, and left for Sea Girt, N. J., at 6 o'clock, Back Bay 
station, via Fall River line. 

We arrived at our destination in a severe north-easterly storm, 
which lasted until the evening of the 31st, thereby preventing 
that practice which we had expected to obtain by arriving on the 
ground one week in advance of the competitions. 

Practice began on the morning of September 1, and, although 
frequently interrupted by the individual and team matches of the 
New Jersey and National Rifle Association, which commenced 
September 2, was continued with these interruptions until the date 
of the competitions for the National trophies, which took place on 
the 8th and 9th of September. 

Fifteen teams entered in these competitions, finishing in the fol- 
lowing order : New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts, District of 
Columbia, Ohio, U. S. Marines, U. S. Infantry, Connecticut, 
Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Georgia, U. S. Cavalry, U. S. Navy, 
Vermont and Virginia. 

New York wins the National trophy, with a score of 2,988 out 
of a possible 3,000 points. 

New Jersey wins the Hilton trophy, with a score of 2,902 out of 
a possible 3,000 points. 

Massachusetts wins the " Soldier of Marathon," Interstate 
trophy, with a score of 2,888 out of a possible 3,000 points. 

When the meagre accommodations for long-range shooting in 
Massachusetts are taken into consideration, there having been, up 
to July 1, only one 1,000 yard target in the State, and since then 
only two, the result is most gratifying, and demonstrates quite 
clearly the fact that, with the same opportunity for practice as 
obtains in New York, New Jersey, District of Columbia and Penn- 
sylvania, the Massachusetts team of the future will easily win first 
place. I would also add that the Massachusetts team was some- 
what handicapped by the fact that two of the best shots were dis- 
abled, one by illness and the other by a broken arm, making it 
necessary to fill their places by substitutes. 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 65 

The expense to the Commonwealth for sending this representa- 
tive team has been amply justified. 

The fact that a member of the New Jersey team was enlisted 
in the Fourth New Jersey and also Ninth New York was the reason 
for an inquiry which I respectfully addressed to the Honorable 
Secretary of War, to be brought before the Board for the Promo- 
tion of Rifle Practice. This inquiry was made, not for the purpose 
of attempting to change the relative standing of the teams, but as 
a protest against the method in vogue in some States, of allowing 
a member of the National Guard of another State to shoot on a 
representative team. It seemed to me that the practice was most 
reprehensible, and should be stopped, and I believe it will. 

I was met by a very serious embarrassment on arriving at Sea 
Girt, when I discovered that the ammunition, which had been pro- 
cured with the distinct understanding that it must be of a late 
pattern, without cannelures or waterproofing, was all cannelure 
ammunition, of the issue of 1901 and 1902. I immediately put 
myself in telephonic communication with the Frankford arsenal, 
and was directed by Major Rockwell to go to the arsenal for the 
purpose of seeing what might be done. 

Arriving there, I had an interview with Colonel Heath, the 
result of which being that he turned over to me 15,000 rounds of 
ammunition made Aug. 28, 1903. This was shipped to Sea Girt 
by express, and arrived there the following morning. Colonel 
Heath stated that he did this on his own responsibility, in order to 
help me out of a serious difficulty, and directed that I ask the 
Governor to send a requisition for this additional amount of ammu- 
nition. Enclosed herewith I send copies of invoices for which I 
gave receipt. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

JAS. G. WHITE, 

Colonel, Inspector General Rifle Practice. 



QQ ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. rj an . 



REPORT ON MANOEUVRES AT FORT RILEY. 



Worcester, Mass., Nov. 10, 1903. 

Brig. Gen. Samuel Dalton, Adjutant Oeneral, Massachusetts. 

Sir : — I have the honor to submit the following report of the 
manoeuvres at Fort Riley, Kan., of the provisional division camp, 
William Cary Sanger, under the command of Maj. Gen. John C. 
Bates, U. S. A. 

In accordance with the letter of instructions from the Adjutant 
General's office, I left for Fort Riley on Thursday, October 15, 
reaching that place on Sunday, October 18, at 3.30 p.m. I 
reported at division headquarters, and was at once assigned a tent 
among those designated for the State attaches, which were located 
at headquarters' camp. Camp equipage was furnished, and visit- 
ing officers were provided with mounts complete, each officer 
receipting for and being responsible for his mount until its return 
to the picket line. 

There was a large mess tent for the accommodation of visiting 
officers and others. Bath houses and hot and cold water were pro- 
vided. Visiting officers were required to wear a yellow brassard 
on the right arm, above the elbow ; and this designation enabled 
them to accompany troops participating in the various prob- 
lems, to visit the hospitals, and practically to inspect the camp 
thoroughly. 

The total number of State and territorial representatives was 
twenty-two. England, Russia and Spain were represented by 
military attaches. 

The bureau of information was in charge of First Lieut. C. Sid- 
ney Haight, FourttTU. S. Cavalry ; and this officer won the friend- 
ship and respect of all visiting officers by his unfailing courtesy 
and readiness at all times to give information in regard to the 
various problems, exercises and lectures. 

All general orders and circulars issued from division headquar- 
ters were furnished each visiting officer. 

The camp was admirably laid out, just east of the Fort Riley 
post, and along the line of the Union Pacific Railroad. It was 
thoroughly equipped, conical and wall tents being used. The 
camp was piped for water, and the supply ample. The sanitary 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 67 

arrangements were well looked after ; sinks were properly located, 
burned out twice each day and saturated with slack lime. 

The medical department established an excellent field hospital, 
with wards for surgery, fever and infectious diseases. 

The reservation for the manoeuvres comprised about one hun- 
dred square miles, a large part of which was leased land, for which 
the government paid a small sum per acre, and also paid land and 
crop damage, which was determined by officers following the 
troops and estimating the same. 

The provisional division was organized as follows : — 

Maj Gen. John C. Bates in command : First Battalion U. S. Engineers ; 
Hospital Corps, company of instruction, No. 1; Signal Corps, — Com- 
pany B, U. S. Signal, Signal Company Nebraska National Guard. 

First Brigade, Brig. Gen. Frederick D. Grant, U. S. A., commanding •„ 
Second U. S. Infantry, headquarters, band and twelve companies; 
Twelfth U. S. Infantry, headquarters, band and First Battalion ; Twenty- 
first U. S. Infantry, headquarters, band and twelve companies. 

Second Brigade, Brig. Gen. J. Franklin Bell, U. S. A., commanding : 
Sixth U. S. Infantry, headquarters, band and eleven companies ; Twenty- 
fifth U. S. Infantry, headquarters, band and eleven companies ; Fifty- 
fifth Iowa Infantry, headquarters, band and twelve companies. 

Third Brigade, Brig. Gen. Thomas H. Barry, U. S. A., commanding: 
Provisional Regiment, Missouri Infantry, headquarters, band and twelve 
companies ; Second Nebraska Infantry, headquarters, band and twelve 
companies ; Provisional Regiment, Texas Infantry, headquarters, band 
and twelve companies. 

Fourth Brigade, Brig. Gen. James W. F. Hughes, Kansas National 
Guard, commanding: First Kansas Infantry, headquarters, band and 
twelve companies ; Second Kansas Infantry, headquarters, band and 
twelve companies. 

Cavalry brigade, Brig. Gen. Camillo C. C. Carr, U. S. A., commanding : 
Fourth U S. Cavalry, headquarters, band and first and second squad- 
rons ; Eighth U. S. Cavalry, first and third squadrons ; Tenth U. S. 
Cavalry, headquarters, band and first and third squadrons. 

Divisional Artillery, Maj, William R. Coffin, Artillery Corps, U S. A., 
commanding : Sixth Battery, U. S. Field Artillery ; Seventh Battery, 
U. S. Field Artillery ; Nineteenth Battery, U. S. Field Artillery ; Twenti- 
eth Battery, U. S. Field Artillery; Twenty-fifth Battery, U. S. Field 
Artillery ; Twenty-eighth Battery, U. S. Field Artillery ; Twenty-ninth 
Battery, U. S. Field Artillery ; Battery A, Kansas Field Artillery ; Bat- 
tery B, Kansas Field Artillery. 

Total strength, about ten thousand, 

The manoeuvres embraced the following schedule of exercises : — 

October 13, Tuesday. Arriving and making camp. 
October 14, Wednesday. Arriving and making camp. 
October 15, Thursday. Forenoon : drills, regimental. Afternoon : 
outposts by regiments; Problem 1. 



68 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

October 16, Friday. Forenoon : drills, brigade. Afternoon : march 
to bivouac, First Brigade. 

October 17, Saturday. Formation of outposts ; Problem 2. 

October 18, Sunday. Forenoon : divine service in those regiments 
with chaplains, at such hour as regimental commander designates ; 
arrival and making camp, National Guard. 

October 19, Monday. Forenoon : advance and rear guards, regular 
troops ; Problem 3 ; National Guard, battalion drill ; close and extended 
order, 9 to 11, if desired. Afternoon: regimental drill; close and 
extended order, 2 to 4. 

October 20, Tuesday. Forenoon : brigade drill ; close and extended 
order, 9 to 11 Afternoon: construction of intrenchments. Evening: 
lecture to all officers, by Col. Arthur L. Wagner, Assistant Adjutant 
General, U. S. A. 

October 21, Wednesday. Forenoon: outposts by regiments ; Problem 
4 Afternoon : completion of intrenchments, mentioned October 20. 

October 22, Thursday. Deployment of entire division ; all trains to 
accompany column ; Problem 5. 

October 23, Friday. Contact of opposing forces of all arms ; Prob- 
lem 6. 

October 24, Saturday. Forenoon : review of entire division. After- 
noon : regular troops ; field sports ; National Guard lecture to officers, 
on intrenchments, by officer of the Corps of Engineers, U. S. A. 

October 25, Sunday. Same as October 18. 

October 26, Monday. Attack and defence of a position ; Problem 7. 

October 27, Tuesda3 r . Problem 8, to be announced later; National 
Guard breaking camp. 

October 28, Wednesday. Attack and defence of a convoy ; Problem 9. 

October 29, Thursday. Forenoon : battery service target practice. 
Afternoon : field sports. 

October 30, Friday. Cavalry screen ; Problem 10. 

This schedule was carried out practically as made up, no inter- 
ference being occasioned by the weather during the period October 
18-27, which included the tour of duty of the State troops. 

The following is a copy of Circular No. 1, which gives the 
rules governing the conduct of the tactical exercises during the 
manoeuvres : — 

1. All duties pertaining to the manoeuvres will, as far as practicable, 
be performed exactly as they should be in actual war. 

2. The opposing forces will be designated as the " Blue " and the 
" Brown.'" They will be attired as follows : — 

" Brown'''' Forces. — Officers : campaign hat, leggins, service coat and 
trousers. Enlisted men : campaign hat, leggins, khaki or brown canvas 
blouse and trousers. 

"Blue' 1 ' 1 Forces. — Officers: campaign hat, leggins, service trousers, 
present dress blouse or obsolete field blouse being optional with the 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 69 

wearer. Enlisted men : campaign hat, leggins, khaki or brown canvas 
trousers, and, within the discretion of regimental or independent battalion 
commanders, either blue shirt or blue blouse. 

3. All troops will march fully armed and equipped. Each infantry- 
man will carry fifty rounds of blank rifle cartridges and each trooper 
fifteen blank revolver and thirty-five blank carbine cartridges, unless 
especially ordered otherwise from these headquarters. 

4. Before leaving the camp, the cartridge belts of all soldiers who are 
to take part in the tactical exercises will be carefully inspected, to see 
that no ball cartridges are mixed with the blanks. Whenever exercises 
are to begin at designated positions other than the camp, a second 
inspection will be made upon arrival at such positions. These inspec- 
tions must be made with extreme care, and by officers. When the com- 
mander of either of the opposing forces has received the reports of these 
inspections from his entire command, he will report the result of the 
inspection to the senior umpire on duty with his command, who will 
make a note of the same and include it in his written report. 

5. All members of the command are positively forbidden to carry on 
their persons, or with field pieces, or to have in their possession, any 
fixed ammunition or ball cartridges of any kind whatsoever, while 
taking part in or attending the field exercises. No weapons other than 
those constituting part of the regulation equipment for officers and men 
will, under any circumstances, be carried. 

6. Spectators must not go ahead of the advance guard of either side, 
nor gather in positions liable to mislead combatants. Military attaches, 
duly accredited military observers from the National Guard of the 
different States, and officers of the regular army attending the ma- 
noeuvres in an official capacity, will either be invited to accompany the 
commanding general, or will be assigned to accompany umpires. Com- 
manding officers of the opposing forces will utilize mounted orderlies 
and guides for the purpose of keeping spectators in rear of the forces 
engaged in the exercise. Orderlies will notify such people that they 
must remain in rear, being careful to deliver their instructions in a 
polite and considerate manner. While manoeuvring off the reservation, 
civilians passing or engaged in the transaction of their private affairs 
must not be stopped. They may be politely requested to interfere as 
little as possible with the military, and to give no information con- 
cerning the presence or disposition of the forces. They will not be 
questioned by either the " Blue " or " Brown " forces. 

7. To give juniors an opportunity to command, officers will sometimes 
be " excused from participation."" In all cases officers so excused, unless 
detailed as umpires, will attend as spectators in the same manner as 
military attaches. 

8. An officer will be detailed to accompany each of the opposing 
forces as topographical officer. He will be detailed by the officer desig- 
nated to command the force. The topographical officer will prepare a 
hasty sketch of the field of operations, and will deliver it to the senior 
umpire on duty with the force. If the problem be such as to cover an 
extended or difficult terrain, the commander of the force may detail 



70 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

such officers as may be necessary to assist the topographical officer. He 
may also detail, in addition to the above, a topographical officer to pre- 
pare a sketch for use in the preparation of his own report. 

9. These topographical sketches will, unless otherwise ordered, be on 
the scale of three inches to the mile. 

10. All reports, itineraries, etc., will be submitted as prescribed by 
army regulations in time of war. 

Umpires. 

11. The umpires will consist of a chief umpire, who will accompany 
either force or visit any part of the field, in accordance with his judg- 
ment ; a senior umpire of the " Blue " and a senior umpire of the 
" Brown," who will accompany any portion of the forces to which they 
are respectively attached, and will visit any part of the field operated 
upon by such force, in accordance with their judgment. They will 
not at any time accompany the opposing force, or give any orders to 
it, unless in a critical situation demanding immediate action, which 
apparently cannot be given by umpires with that force. There will 
also be such assistant umpires as may be detailed by the commanding 
general. These umpires will be assigned to the opposing forces by the 
chief umpire, and will be distributed by the senior umpire with that 
force to different parts of the field or to different arms of the service, as 
he ma} 7 deem proper. 

12. Each umpire will wear a white band on his left arm. The 
umpires will wear the uniform of the side to which they are assigned. 
The chief umpire may wear either blue or brown uniform, at his option. 
The chief umpire will be accompanied by an orderly carrying a white 
flag; with a red diagonal cross. 

13. The decisions of umpires, being made by .authority of the com- 
manding general, must be obeyed immediately and without question. 
Should any officer deem such decision erroneous or unfair, he may, after 
the close of the exercise, make an appeal in writing against such deci- 
sion, setting forth his views of the facts of the case. He must not, how- 
ever, under any circumstances, undertake to dispute with the umpire at 
the same time the decision is given. 

14. Umpires, while endeavoring to give correct decisions, should give 
them promptly. This rule is necessary, to avoid awkward pauses and 
misunderstandings in the course of the exercises. Should an umpire 
conclude, on further investigation, that his decision was erroneously 
given, it is expected that he will endeavor to rectify it in rendering his 
report. 

15. The chief umpire will give to the commanding officer of each of 
the opposing forces his instructions relative to the tactical exercise at 
least twenty-four hours before the time set for its beginning. This will 
enable these officers to study the problem, terrain, etc., and will give 
them time for the instruction of their subordinates in matters pertaining 
to the conduct of the exercise. The commanding officers will report to 
the chief umpire at designated times for their instructions. If, however, 
the commander be senior in rank to the chief umpire, the instructions 
will be given by the commanding general. 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 71 

16. The chief umpire will assemble the umpires for instructions on 
the afternoon or evening preceding the exercises. He will also summon 
them for verbal discussion immediately after the close of each exercise. 
The umpire's call will consist of officers' call, followed by the signal, 
"Cease firing," "Halt," "Attention." After the conclusion of an exer- 
cise each assistant umpire will submit a report to the senior umpire of 
the force with which he is acting ; the senior umpires will then submit 
their reports, accompanied by the reports of their subordinates, to the 
chief umpire ; who will then submit his report, accompanied by all the 
reports received from his subordinates, to the Adjutant General of 
the division. These reports will all be written, and will be submitted 
as early as practicable. At such time after the conclusion of the exercise 
as the commanding general may deem most expedient, all the officers 
of the command will be assembled, and the report of the chief umpire 
will be read. The exercises will then be open for discussion, and the 
reports of the subordinate umpires will be read when such reference is 
deemed necessary to clear up matters in dispute. The commanding 
general is the final arbiter in regard to the conduct of the exercises. 
He may veto any decision of the chief umpire, and will, at the conclusion 
of the discussion, state that the report of the chief umpire is accepted in 
its entirety, or with such and such amendment. 

17. Officers not on duty with the contending forces, or serving as 
umpires, will not be present at the discussion, unless invited by the 
commanding general. 

18. Whenever, during the exercises, a condition is brought about, or 
action is had, which in real warfare would be productive of results, a 
decision should be rendered accordingly by the umpire. If several 
umpires meet, the senior in rank should give the decision. 

19. Whenever phases of the exercise require suspensions of the move- 
ments in any part of the field, the umpire recognizing the necessity will 
at once cause a trumpeter to sound " Cease firing," " Halt," " Attention." 
The signal will at once be taken up by the other trumpeters belonging 
to the same body of troops, and all concerned will cease firing, halt, and 
remain in their positions until the signal " Commence firing," " Forward," 
is given. An umpire of the opposing side, hearing this signal given, 
will at once cause the same signal to be sounded for the side to which 
he is assigned. The signal for the suspension and resumption of move- 
ments will be sounded as above, whether there be any firing or not. 

20. The actual collision of opposing forces must be prevented, under 
all circumstances. When an exercise has reached the stage just pre- 
ceding the crisis of the fight, it is evident that nothing short of the actual 
conditions of battle could really decide the question of victory or defeat. 
At this stage the signal for the suspension of movements will be given 
by the commanding general, the chief umpire or one of the senior 
umpires, and the relative dispositions of the opposing forces will be 
carefully noted. The chief umpire and senior umpires will then confer, 
and decide whether the exercises should be discontinued, or the positions 
of the opposing forces rectified and the operations renewed. 

21. Firing by opposing parties will be discontinued at 100 yards, and 
umpires will then make a decision. It is to be understood that this is 



72 ADJUTANT GEXEEAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

the minimum distance at which firing will be practicable, and that it is 
only in very exceptional cases that the exercise can be continued to this 
point before a definite decision is made. 

22. When approach is gained without discovery within less than 100 
yards, captures will be made by giving the command " Halt, surrender." 
No shots will be permitted within such short ranges. The umpire in 
such a case will consider the strength of the opposing forces, and will 
give a decision. 

23. If, owing to the absence of an umpire at any part of the field, the 
forces have approached within 100 yards of each other, the commanding 
officers of such troops will order cease firing, and if they be not 
instructed sooner to halt, they will, upon arriving within 25 yards of 
their opponents, halt their men and direct them to hold their rifles 
vertically, butt uppermost, as a signal that the decision of an umpire i& 
awaited. Troops in this situation must not be attacked. If opposing 
troops come into actual collision, their immediate commanders will be 
held responsible for disobedience of orders. 

24. Umpires should carefully avoid giving information or advice, 
or making suggestions to combatants. They should not precede the 
advance parties of either side, and should also be careful not to disclose 
the locality of troops attempting concealment by exposing themselves 
in that vicinity. 

25. Though umpires are attached to a particular side, they should not, 
in their reports, refer to "our" side or "their" side. To avoid con- 
fusion, the words " Blue " and " Brown " should be used to distinguish the 
opposing forces. When an umpire finds it necessary in his report to 
refer to the " right" or " left," he should be careful to specify the right 
or left of the " Blue" or " Brown." 

26. During a long fight, the umpires can from time to time give 
decisions relative to the losses incurred by a force from the fire to 
which it is subjected. 

27. Before a detachment can be ruled out of a fight, its losses must 
have amounted to one-third of its strength ; or it must be in such a con- 
dition that it could not be expected to continue the fight before the 
expiration of some time ; or the situation must be such that the detach- 
ment, in the case of real war, would be obliged to surrender. 

28. When practicable, the umpires will make their decisions relative 
to losses in accordance with the table of losses with which they are 
furnished. It must be remembered, however, that as a rule only 
approximate accuracy can be obtained. Care must be taken to avoid, 
on the one hand, the infliction of extraordinary losses ; and, on the other 
hand, to avoid the absurdity of troops being subjected to a heavy fire 
without appreciably suffering therefrom. 

29. In the decisions, special attention must be paid to the moral 
factors as they would exist in actual warfare, so far as they can be fore- 
seen ; and especial weight must be given to the order and discipline of 
the troops, as well as to the manner in which they are led by their 
officers. 

30. In case troops are ruled out of action by an umpire before the 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 73 

termination of an exercise, they must proceed as rapidly as practicable 
to the rear of their reserve ; and their immediate commander will send 
notice, without delay, to the commanding officer of the force to which 
he belongs of the action taken. While proceeding to the rear, under 
these conditions, a white flag will be displayed, if practicable. In the 
infantry, each man of the command thus ruled out will, while marching 
to the rear, carry his piece horizontally across the shoulders, the arms 
resting over the piece. In the cavalry, sabres and carbines will be 
sheathed, and the guidon carried horizontally on the shoulder, the flag 
to the rear. In the artillery, cannoneers will be seated on the limber 
chests, with arms folded, and the guidons will be carried as in the case 
of the cavalry. 

31. When prisoners are captured, they will proceed to the rear of the 
capturing force, carrying their arms in the same position as described 
above. 

32. Umpires will carefully note whether patrols, flankers, scouts, 
videttes, etc., take advantage of all cover available. 

33. They will also carefully note whether officers in command of 
troops, especially company commanders, avail themselves of all cover 
possible for their commands. Whenever necessary to expose the troops, 
it should be done at a rapid pace and in the most favorable formation. 

34. In all the exercises the greatest care and attention will be devoted 
to fire discipline. Ammunition will be carefully husbanded, and fire 
will be used only where under the conditions of war something could 
be accomplished by it. 

35. When it has been decided to terminate an exercise, a smoke bomb 
will be sent up from a position as nearly as practicable in rear of the 
centre of the " Blue " force. As soon as this signal is given, each regi- 
mental, squadron and battery commander will order a trumpeter to 
sound the recall. The different commands will then immediately march 
back to camp, each regiment, squadron and battery marching inde- 
pendently, unless orders to the contrary have been previously given. 

Patrols. 

36. Officers and non-commissioned officers in all exercises will see 
that patrols, flankers, scouts, videttes, etc., are instructed to take 
advantage of all cover available. 

37. Patrols, if fired upon within 150 yards by dismounted men, scouts 
or the members of a patrol in advance, riding rapidly or otherwise, will 
be considered captured. 

38. Should a deployed patrol be fired upon within 200 yards by a dis- 
mounted patrol on its flank, the flanker on the side nearest the enemy 
will halt and be considered captured. Unless much superior in numbers 
to the attackers,, the remainder of the patrol will retire rapidly. In 
other cases, the result of the loss will be determined by the umpires. 
Should no umpire be present in this case, the detachment, unless much 
superior in numbers, must withdraw rapidly until it can reach cover. 



74 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Infantry or Dismounted Cavalry. 

39. Against well-conducted, deliberate infantry fire, infantry in close 
formation and without cover, at distances less than 100 yards, cannot 
halt or move to the flank unless the fire from their own firing line is 
approximately equal to that of the enemy. Across a zone swept by the 
enemy's fire within a range of 800 yards, closed, uncovered detachments, 
even protected by a strong firing line of their own, can move only 
forward or to the rear. The decision of the umpire is needed to deter- 
mine whether they can halt within this zone. 

40. When unprepared and attacked by cavalry on the flank, infantry 
or dismounted cavalry, even though somewhat superior in strength, will 
be considered defeated if the attackers be not discovered until they are 
within 400 yards. 

41. If, before beginning to fire, an infantry or dismounted cavalry 
force, even somewhat superior in strength, allows a cavalry opponent 
to approach within 300 yards, prepared for a charge, the advantage 
ought ordinarily to be awarded the mounted party. A screened approach 
and surprise is, in this case, an important element. 

42. If a well-directed and sudden volley be delivered at short range 
by infantry or dismounted cavalry under cover or concealed, it should, 
to a great extent, demoralize the party thus surprised. In this case an 
umpire must decide upon the probable degree of demoralization, the 
distance to which the surprised party must withdraw, or the time it 
must be kept out of action. 

43. When a flank is turned, the defenders must fall back or execute 
a change of front before the attacking party has delivered a heavy 
fire within a range of 500 yards. 

Cavalry. 

44. Umpires should be early on the scene in cases of cavalry attack, 
as otherwise it might be difficult to give a correct decision. In adjudg- 
ing the result, the situation of the opposing forces, the execution of the 
attack and the strength of the opposing forces should be carefully 
considered. 

45. Cavalry charges must stop at 100 yards from the enemy. 

46. Cavalry standing mounted to receive a charge must be declared 
defeated. 

47. Should cavalry, although somewhat inferior in strength, succeed 
in delivering an attack upon cavalry that is deploying, the attacking 
force should be adjudged victorious. 

48. In a cavalry v. cavalry charge, no manoeuvres should be made so 
close to the point of attack as to endanger the steadiness and order 
necessary in the delivery of the shock. 

49. In a cavalry v. cavalry charge, the forces being of approximately 
equal strength and both in proper formation, the victory should be 
adjudged to the side last bringing up a formed reserve. 

50. In deciding an attack of cavalry v. infantry, the condition of the 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 75 

latter must be carefully considered. If the infantry undertakes to 
change its formation, or if it does not preserve the necessary composure 
in delivering its fire, it is to the advantage of the cavalry. 

51. If the infantry is not surprised, or has not already been shaken, 
and receives the cavalry attack with coolness and well-directed fire, the 
attack will be regarded as unsuccessful, unless there is a great prepon- 
derance of force on the side of the cavalry. 

52. When cavalry attacks artillery in front, the charge must be made 
in extended order, and the escort should be attacked at the same time 
by cavalry in close order 

53. Though a cavalry attack against the front of artillery may be 
attended with great loss, it is not impossible that it may succeed if 
skillfully made over favorable terrain. 

54. Cavalry cannot move at a walk when exposed to the fire of 
artillery which is less than 2,500 yards away. 

Artillery. 

55. Commanding officers should designate in general terms the object 
of the artillery fire, and the artillery force to be employed ; but the 
exact objective and the manner of regulating the fire should be left to 
the battery commander, upon whom rests the responsibility for the 
proper handling of his battery and for violation of proper principles. 

56. Each battery in action will mark the object of its fire by placing 
on the windward flank of the battery two flags on a line marking the 
direction of the object. Red flags are used when the object is artillery, 
blue flags when it is infantry, and yellow flags when it is cavalry. The 
poles of the flags are of different heights, so that the flags when seen 
from the object do not cover each other, the shorter pole being in front 
of the longer. 

57. When moving or when unlimbering, or limbering up, unprotected 
artillery is at the mercy of a cavalry attack. Guns in action have to 
fear for their unsupported flank. 

58. In the face of a well-sustained and properly directed artillery fire, 
at distances of 2,500 yards or less : — 

(a) A column of cavalry must deploy and move at a rapid gait. 

(b) A column of infantry must deploy. 

(c) In a zone 2,000-1,500 yards from the enemy, closed bodies of 
infantry, of the size of a company or larger, cannot remain halted in 
the open. 

(d) Between 1,500-1,000 yards infantry can move only in open order 
or in line, and either to the front or rear. 

In the above rules an exception will be made when the hostile artillery 
is itself hotly engaged with artillery or infantry, and when the terrain 
is. such as to afford shelter to the troops, or interfere with the effective 
use of the hostile artillery. 

59. Artillery cannot get into action under infantry or dismounted 
cavalry fire within 800 yards, excepting under favorable circumstances, 
— behind effectual cover, for instance. This, however, should not pre- 



76 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

vent it from accompanying advancing lines under cover of their fire to 
a decisive attack ; but it should not be able to unlimber at all under fire 
of the enemy within 600 yards. 

60. At ranges of 1,000 yards artillery can hold out against dismounted 
skirmish fire ; but, should a strong skirmish line succeed in approaching- 
to within 700 yards of the guns without the latter being sufficiently pro- 
tected by infantry or dismounted cavalry, or proper cover, the artillery 
must retire promptly, or be judged unfit to move. 

61. Artillery cannot move into action against artillery already in 
action at less than 1,200 yards, unless enabled to do so by effectual 
infantry or dismounted cavalry fire, or by ample cover. 

62. In a duel fight, the infantry can, at 1,500 yards, support its own 
artillery with advantage, especially by firing upon the hostile guns. If 
the infantry can fire at the artillery in the flank, it should at this distance 
inflict considerable loss. At 1,200 yards it should be able to inflict 
serious loss on the artillery by frontal fire. 

63. In an attack of infantry upon artillery it is important to note 
whether the infantry has succeeded in obtaining, unperceived, a covered 
position within effective firing distance from the artillery, and also 
whether the infantry is protected against the troops of other arms 
supporting the artillery. 

64. At a distance of 1,000 yards artillery should still be able to protect 
itself against a frontal attack by infantry. 

65. In judging the effect of artillery fire, the following circumstances 
must be taken into consideration : whether the artillery has succeeded 
in coming under cover into position so as to open fire suddenly ; whether 
the artillery has chosen its firing position with proper regard to the 
effect of its own fire, and so as to make it difficult for the adversary to 
get the range ; the number of batteries or guns firing upon the same 
object; the rapidity and duration of the fire ; the distance of the object; 
its size and formation ; whether it is moving or not ; and, finally, whether 
the artillery itself is under fire. The efficiency of the fire can be 
regarded as commencing with the shot after the range has been ascer- 
tained. A battery opening fire and getting the range from another 
battery already in action is assumed to begin effective fire with the first 
shot, otherwise the time for finding the range must be taken into con- 
sideration. The umpire must consider whether the ground before the 
object favors finding the range, or makes it difficult. 

66. At a distance of about 2,500 j r ards artillery which has found its 
range can make it difficult, and in some cases impossible, for even a 
superior opposing force of artillery to unlimber. Artillery can rarely 
produce an effect on artillery without the co-operation of other arms, at 
distances over 2,500 yards, unless it is much superior in strength. At a 
distance of less than 2,500 yards a less superiority will make itself felt. 
When the artillery is not of equal strength on each side, the decision 
should be made more quickly and in proportion as the distance is 
smaller. Flank fire from artillery will be estimated as much more 
effective than frontal fire. 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 77 



Rules concerning Private Property. 

67. There must be no firing in the immediate vicinity of houses, barns 
and haystacks. No camps or bivouacs will be established in orchards 
or in fields of standing corn. 

While troops are manoeuvring off the reservation, all orchards, ceme- 
teries and vineyards will be considered impassable marshes, not to be 
entered by any member of the command. 

When operating off the military reservation, all troops will confine 
themselves to the public roads, except when the necessities of the par- 
ticular field exercise in the course of execution require them to enter on 
grounds which have been leased by the government for manoeuvre 
purposes. 

Each regiment, independent battalion and battery or troop operating 
alone, hospital or signal company, will be provided with nippers for 
cutting wire fences, and with suitable means, such as gunny sacks, in 
sufficient numbers, for extinguishing prairie fires. A detachment with 
suitable tools will follow each command, and repair damages done to 
fences as soon as practicable after the troops have passed 

Infantry should be able to pass through or over board or rail fences 
without disturbing them ; in some cases it can also pass through wire 
fences without cutting them. The greatest care must be taken by 
officers and men to avoid all unnecessary damage to private property. 
Should there be any wanton damage to such property, the offender will 
be immediately placed under guard, and will be brought to trial by 
court martial without delay. 

Execution of the Problems and Exercises. 

The usual method in witnessing the operations was for a visiting 
officer to accompany an umpire. Copies of the problems were 
furnished by the information bureau, which gave full details. It 
was impossible for one officer to cover the entire ground, but in a 
general way a very fair idea of the various exercises was gained. 
The first problem witnessed was Monday, October 19, No. 3, 
advance and rear guards, regular troops only. 

General Idea. 
A " Blue " force, consisting of a brigade of infantry, a battery of field 
artillery and two troops of cavalry, is marching in the enemy's country, 
with advance guard, and is attacked and harassed by a " Brown " force, 
consisting of nine troops of cavalry. 

Special Situation, — " Blue. 11 
The " Blue " force will march from camp via Ogden and Vinton post- 
office road to the milk ranch, the head of column to pass through Ogden 
at 10 a.m. The march will be assumed to be in a hostile country after 
the force reaches Osfden. 



78 ADJUTANT GENERAI/S REPORT. [Jan. 

After dinner the return march will be commenced, and assumed to 
be a retreat, also in a hostile country, and dispositions will be made 
accordingly. 

Special Situation, — " Brown." 

The " Brown " force will move from camp via milk ranch road and 
Ogden road toward Ogden. The column will be at milk ranch at 10 a.m. 
It will then advance east on Ogden road, and select the most favorable 
position to attack and harass a "Blue" column, moving west on the 
same road. The " Blue " column is reported to be composed of two 
brigades, with cavalry and artillery, and said to be moving from Fort 
Riley, via Ogden, to Vinton post-office. Should this column be forced 
to retire, the " Browns " will follow and harass and damage the enemy 
during their retreat as much as possible. 

Note. — The senior umpire with each " Blue " column will be author- 
ized to arrest the advance to enable a halt to be made at 12.30 p.m., for 
one hour, for dinner and rest. After the expiration of one hour, to be 
announced by the senior umpires of the " Blue " and " Brown " forces, 
the retreat will be commenced. 

The advance guard consisted of two battalions of infantry, two 
troops of cavalry and a platoon of artillery. 

The "Blue" force moved promptly at the specified time, and 
the first contact was at 10.40 a.m. The opposing cavalry force, 
by reason of its mobility, seriously retarded the progress of the 
" Blue" column. Troops would dismount at some advantageous 
point, deliver their fire, and then rapidly take up another position. 
By these tactics the " Blue " force was compelled to use its artil- 
lery, and strengthen the advance guard by detachments from the 
main column. At 12.30 o'clock, the time for cessation of opera- 
tions, the "Blue" column was one and one-half miles from milk 
ranch. At 1.30 the rear guard action commenced. It was decided 
that the "Brown" force did not seriously harass the "Blue" 
column during its return march. 

Tuesday, October 20, in the forenoon, a very spirited and inter- 
esting brigade drill of cavalry and artillery was held on Ogden 
flats. 

In the afternoon intrenchments were in process of construction 
on Smoky Hill flats, in accordance with the following memorandum 
on intrenchments : — 

Exercise scheduled for afternoons of October 20 and 21 : — 
It is proposed to construct intrenchments on Smoky Hill flat, with the 
right flank resting on the Kansas River and the left flank on Whiskey 
Lake. These intrenchments will serve as a defensive line to resist 
attack on the pontoon bridge from the right bank of the Kansas River. 
At the left of the line a lunette will be constructed for a garrison of 
200 men. 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 79 

It is proposed to employ, on Tuesday and Wednesday, October 20 and 
21, 500 men. If work is to be done after the above dates, fatigue details 
will be detailed. 

The length of the defensive line is about 3,000 feet. About half of 
this will be occupied by the trenches and lunette, the other half will 
consist of the intervals between works. The different stages of the 
trench will be shown. The lunette will be strong enough to resist 
shrapnel. The gun pits required for the artillery elements of the 
defence will be constructed by the artillery. Different forms of revet- 
ment will be constructed for purposes of illustration ; also a section of 
wire entanglement. 

Wednesday, October 21. Problem 4, outpost exercises by regiments ; 
regulars and National Guard. 

First, the Texas regiment, National Guard, on hills lying between 
Three Mile Creek and Ogden, facing creek, the right of line extending 
toward Wilson's ranch, and the left toward the crossing of the Fort 
Riley-Ogden road with the reservation line. 

The position of the outpost will in each case be determined by the 
senior umpire accompanying the organization, who will also point out 
the assumed location of the main body which the outpost is covering. 

The line of resistance will in each case be selected by the senior 
umpire present, and pointed out to the National Guard, the choice being 
made in accordance with the terrain. 

A platoon of artillery will be assigned to each regiment of the 
National Guard and the Kansas Brigade. 

The Sixth Infantry will proceed to Three Mile Creek, and form there 
for the attack on the outposts of the Texas infantry. Similarly, the 
Twenty-first Infantry will proceed to Forsythe Canyon, and from there 
for the attack of the outposts of the Missouri regiment. 

Memorandum. — As this exercise is especially for the instruction of 
the National Guard, great care will be taken by the umpires to explain 
concisely the essential functions of its component parts, and the manner 
in which an attack will be received. The " Brown " will in each case 
make a direct attack upon the outpost, so that an illustration of the 
formation of the latter for defence may be plainly given. 

This exercise was simply a frontal attack on the " Blue " force. 
The attacking force, with two battalions in the fighting line, one 
battalion as the reserve, formed line of skirmishers at 1,100 yards 
from the outpost position ; and the advance commenced and con- 
tinued until within 100 yards from the " Blue " force, when " Cease 
firing" was sounded. During the advance the attacking force 
brought its reserve into the fighting line. This attack could not 
have succeeded, by reason of the almost impregnable position of 
the " Brown" force, which was posted on a very steep ridge, its 
line of observation along the crest necessarily becoming the line of 
resistance. The time consumed in making the attack in this exer- 
cise was about seventeen minutes. 



80 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Thursday, October 22. Problem 5, deployment of division ; entire 
command. 

Special Idea, — " Blue." 

A " Blue" division is marching from Ogden to Milford, via Pawnee 
flats and Republican bottom, and the head of the column has reached 
One Mile Creek, on the Ogden road. 

The "Blue" commander has learned that the enemy, in superior 
forces, is advancing against him from the direction of Vinton post-office. 
He decides to take up a position covering Fort Riley, with his right 
resting on the Kansas River to Sheridan Heights, and his left on Four 
Mile Creek near Dixon's ranch. 

The division, under the command of Brig. Gen. F. D. Grant, 
deployed in three lines, with artillery in positions of advantage. 
The front covered was estimated at about four miles. 

Friday, October 23. Problem 6, contact of opposing forces of all 
arms. 

General Situation. 
A " Blue " army, advancing from the south, with headquarters at 
Emporia, Kan., has an advance detachment, composed of all arms, on 
the Pawnee flats, near One Mile Creek, Fort Riley reservation. The 
" Blue " army is operating against a " Brown " army, advancing from 
the north. A division of the latter has reached Garrisons, Kan. 

Special Situation, — " Blue." 

Brigadier General Bell is encamped on the Pawnee flats. His com- 
mand is as follows : Second Brigade, Third Brigade, Fourth Cavalry ; 
Seventh, Twentieth, with appropriate Signal Corps and Hospital Corps 
detachments. He received the following order from the commanding 
general, " Blue " forces : — 

Headquarters "Blue" Forces, Emporia, Kax., Oct. 22, 1903. 

Field Orders, No. 25. 

Brigadier General Bell, with the troops under his command, now at 
Fort Riley, Kan., will make a reconnoissance in force toward Garrisons, 
Kan., via Keat's post-office, to gain information in regard to the enemy 
reported in the vicinity of the former place, said to consist of all arms, 
12,000 strong. General Bell will move at 7.30 a.m., to-morrow, the 
23d inst. 

By command of Major General " Blue." 

R. H. White, Adjutant General. 

Memorandum. — For the " Blue " : the line of march from Fort Riley 
will be via Ogden and schoolhouse No. 73, on the direct road to Keat's 
post-office. 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 81 



Special Situation, — " Brown." 

A " Brown " corps is encamped near Garrisons, Kan. Brigadier 
General Barry, with an advance division, is encamped at Peter Esker- 
son's ranch, on the Keat's post-office and Ogden road, Kansas. He 
learns that a small division of the enemy, all arms, is encamped at Fort 
Riley, and at this hour, 10.30 a.m., it is reported the enemy is forming 
for an advance on Keat's post-office. He decides to attack and to capture 
the enemy, if possible, or at least drive him from his line of retreat via 
Fort Riley to Emporia, Kan. He issues the following order : — 

Headquarters Advance Division, "Brown" Forces, 
Peter Eskerson's Ranch, Head Water of Seven Mile Creek, 
Kansas, Oct. 23, 1903, 10.30 a.m. 

Field Orders, No. 1. 

A small " Blue " division of all arms is reported to be advancing from 
Fort Riley via Ogden road to Keat's via schoolhouse No. 73. This com- 
mand will move immediately to attack. If possible, the enemy will be 
driven from his direct line of retreat, through Fort Riley. It is said he 
is especially strong in artillery. 

By command of Brigadier General " Brown." 

R. E. Smith, Adjutant General. 

Memorandum. — The " Brown " force consists of the following organi- 
zations : First Brigade ; Fourth Brigade ; Eighth and Tenth Cavalry ; 
Sixth and Nineteenth field batteries ; one company Battalion of Engi- 
neers, with appropriate Hospital Corps and Signal Corps detachments. 
This " Brown " division will bivouac on the evening of October 22 at 
Peter Eskerson's ranch, head waters Seven Mile Creek. 

The " Blue " commander is cautioned that forty acres, namely, south- 
west corner of north-west quarter, section 35, owned by Jordan, is not 
leased. The " Blue " commander will take necessary measures to pre- 
vent troops entering thereon. 

This problem was participated in by practically all the forces. 
The " Brown " force did not accomplish its purpose, and was prac- 
tically defeated. 

Saturday, October 24, the entire division was reviewed by Maj. 
Gen. John C. Bates and Lieut. Gen. Ian Hamilton of the English 
army. The formation was " line of masses," and the front of the 
division was about one and one-half miles. The column was one 
hour and twenty-three minutes passing the reviewing officers. 

This review of all troops in the service uniform was an inspiring 
and magnificent spectacle. 



82 ADJUTANT OEXEKAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Monday, October 23. Problem 7. 

General Situation. 

A " Brown " army, advancing from Atchison, has crossed the Blue 
River, and is encamped on the line of Keafs, Eureka Lake. A " Blue w 
army, advancing from Beloit, has just crossed the Republican River, 
and is camped on the line Wakefield-Milford. Another " Blue " army, 
advancing from Marion, has arrived at Herington. A small "Blue" 
force, of all arms, is stationed at Fort Riley, which, for the purposes 
of this problem, is regarded as a small village. This force guards 
the passage of the Republican River, thus insuring a combination of 
the "Blue 1 ' armies, and being in a position to menace the flank of the 
"Brown 11 army if it attacks the line Wakefield-Milford. The "Blue" 
army on this line is about to effect a junction with the force at Fort 
Riley. 

Special Situation, — " Blue. 11 

A small force, of all arms, has intrenched itself at Fort Riley, guard- 
ing the junction of the two " Blue " armies as mentioned in the " General 
Situation." The commander receives orders from the commanding 
general of the "Blue," at Milford, to hold his position at all hazards, 
and is informed that the junction of the main army with the force at 
Fort Riley will be effected in the forenoon of the following day. The 
"Blue" force at Fort Riley consists of First Battalion Engineers, Sixth 
U. S. Infantry, Battalion Twelfth U. S. Infantry, Second Squadron Fourth 
Cavalry, Seventh Battery Field Artillery, Twentieth Battery Field 
Artillery, 

The " Blue" force leaves camp at 6.30 a.m., and moves to its position, 
where it intrenches. 

Special Situation, — " Brown." 
The " Brown " commander issues the following order : — 

Headquarters "Brown" Army, 
Eureka Lake, Kansas, Oct. 25, 1903, 8 p.m. 
Field Orders, No. 15. 

Distribution of forces : Third Brigade, Fourth Brigade, Second U. S. 
Infantry, Twenty -first U. S. Infantry, Twenty-fifth U. S Infantry, Fifty- 
fifth Iowa Infantry, First Squadron Fourth Cavalry, Eighth l r . S. Cavalry, 
Tenth U. S. Cavalry, Sixth Battery Field Artillery, Nineteenth Battery 
Field Artillery, Twenty-eighth Battery Field Artillery, Twenty-ninth 
Battery Field Artillery. 

I. A " Blue " army corps has crossed the Republican River, and reliable 
information is received that it occupies the line Wakefield-Milford. 
Another " Blue " army corps is reported advancing rapidly from the 
direction of Marion. The passage of the Republican River at Fort Riley 
is guarded by a " Blue " force, reported to consist of a brigade of infantry, 
with a small force of cavalry and artillery. 

II. Gen. C. C. C. Carr will move at 5 a.m. to-morrow against the 
position at Fort Riley, which he will carry by assault, and thus obtain 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 83 

control of the passage of the river ; at the same time relieving our left 
flank from possible menace in its attack on the intrenched line Wake- 
field-Milford. 

III. The main body of this army will move at 6 a.m. to-morrow, and 
attack the line Wakefield-Milford, and will keep the enemy too heavily 
engaged to permit him to send re-enforcements to the garrison at Fort 
Riley. Celerity of movement and promptness of attack are necessary 
in this case, as the junction of the " Blue 11 forces must be prevented at 
any cost. 

By command of Major General "Brown. 11 

H. E. Smith, Adjutant General. 

For the purposes of this problem, the region bounded by One Mile 
Creek, the Kansas River and a line due east from the source of One 
Mile Creek to Three Mile Creek, is regarded as impassable. The " Blue " 
and " Brown " main armies are imaginary, the only real troops being 
designated in the "Special Situations. 11 

The " Brown 11 force marches from camp at 6 a.m., and proceeds to a 
point where Three Mile Creek is crossed by the Ogden road. At 9 a.m. 
it leaves its designated rendezvous, and, carefully avoiding the assumed 
impassable region, moves via Forsyth Drive or the Saddle Back road to 
attack the " Blue " force at Fort Riley. After arriving at the designated 
rendezvous, the " Brown " commander can put his troops in formation 
for march as soon as he pleases, but the forward movement must not 
begin until exactly 9 a.m. 

The " Blue " force was strongly intrenched in an almost impreg= 
nable position, which could not be forced, thereby insuring the 
combination of the " Blue " forces as mentioned in the " General 
Situation." 

This completes the list of exercises witnessed by your represen- 
tative. 

In General. 

Interesting and most instructive lectures were given by the fol- 
lowing officers: Col. Arthur L. Wagner, on " Strategy;" Lieut. 
Col. John Van R. Hoff, on "Sanitary Organization;" Capt. 
Chauncey B. Baker, on "The Quartermasters' Department;" 
Capt. George Burr, on "Ordinance." 

The Engineer Corps threw two pontoon bridges across the 
Kansas River, one for foot passage and one for the passage of 
troops of all arms, wagon trains, etc. Field bridges were built 
and roads repaired. 

The Signal Corps was thoroughly equipped with the latest appli- 
ances, and rendered efficient work throughout the manoeuvres. 

The value of these manoeuvres is unquestioned. The terrain 
was sufficient for the working out of the different exercises to the 



84 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

fullest extent. The ground was such that troops had excellent 
opportunity to display their abilities in the concealment of move- 
ment and position, in taking advantage of all possible cover, in 
deploying and advancing in the firing line ; and there were many 
excellent examples in that line of work, which, owing to the 
extreme range of the modern weapon, is of the first importance. 

In the construction of intrenchments and gun pits every available 
device was used in concealing their location. For instance, when 
the earth was thrown up it was covered with grass and brush, to 
resemble the surrounding growth. Gun pits were placed behind 
tall grass and brush, making the position difficult of location by 
an approaching force. So well was this idea carried out, that in 
most oases it was impossible to locate works for any distance 
beyond a few hundred yards, without the aid of strong field 
glasses. 

Cavalry was invariably used in the various exercises for patrols 
and scouting. The " screen " formation was used when necessary 
to cover a front of some extent. 

The National Guard troops were fortunate in the opportunity to 
participate in these manoeuvres, and without doubt learned many 
valuable lessons in the art of war that should amply pay for the 
time and expense involved in their tour of duty. A like experience 
would be of great benefit to eastern troops ; and it is to be hoped 
that it may be their privilege in the near future to participate in a 
series of manoeuvres at some point comparatively easy of access. 

Visiting officers at Camp William Gary Sanger were given every 
opportunity to witness the exercises, and they gained an invaluable 
experience. 

No officer could ask for a more instructive or pleasant tour of 
duty than that which it was the privilege of the State representa- 
tives to enjoy who were present at the Fort Riley manoeuvres, 
1903. 

Very respectfully, 

H. B. FAIRBANKS, 

Major, Second Begiment Infantry, M. V. M. 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 85 



PRECEPT, -LOWELL EXPLOSION. 



Lowell, July 29, 1903. 

To Capt. William Fairweather, commanding Company G, Sixth Regi- 
ment of Infantry, M. V. M. 

Whereas, It appears to Charles E. Howe, mayor of the city of Lowell, 
that there exists in our city of Lowell a tumult caused by the explosion 
of magazines, and that military force is necessary to aid the civil 
authority in suppressing the same ; 

Now, therefore, I command you that you cause your command, armed 
with ammunition and with proper officers, to parade at Lowell, on 
Wednesday, July 29, 1903, then and there to obey such orders as may 
be given according to law. Hereof fail not at your peril, and have you 
there this precept with your doings returned thereon. 

Charles E. Howe, 
Mayor of the City of Lowell. 

Lowell Armory, Lowell, Mass., Aug. 20, 1903. 
Maj. Gen. Samuel Dalton, Adjutant General of Massachusetts. 

Sir : — I have the honor to report that, in obedience to a pre- 
cept issued by His Honor Chas. E. Howe, mayor of the city of 
Lowell, July 29, 1903, at 10.10 o'clock a.m., the occasion being 
the explosion of two magazines containing dynamite and powder 
in Riverside Park, South Lowell, and the destruction of about fifty 
dwelling-houses and a loss of life estimated at twenty-five persons, 
I caused the three local companies of militia to assemble at their 
armories, by the use of the alarm lists and telephone, and refrained 
from ringing the bell alarm, fearing it would tend to increase the 
general excitement then existing. The corporations and individual 
concerns in which the militiamen were employed gave every assist- 
ance possible in helping the company commanders to assemble 
their commands. Companies C and G, Sixth Infantry, and Com- 
pany M, Ninth Infantry, were the commands which participated 
in this tour of duty. 

At 12 o'clock noon I despatched Company C, with twenty-four 
men and one officer, under command of Capt. Colby T. Kittredge, 
to the scene of the explosion. This company took up their quarters 



86 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

at Easton Street, near the "Sixth Arch" bridge; and the men 
were immediately posted as a guard to keep the public out of the 
ruined district, and to protect private property, as many of the 
*houses in the district were unguarded, and contained valuables. 

Company G, twenty-eight men and one officer, under my com- 
mand, arrived at the scene a few minutes afterward, and took up 
quarters at the overhead bridge of the Boston & Lowell Railroad, 
on Billerica Street. 

Company M followed us closely, and took up quarters at the 
junction of Lawrence and Billerica streets. These companies also 
established guards. Other squads came to the scene as fast as 
they assembled at the armory, and at 1 o'clock p.m. the strength 
of the provisional battalion was one hundred and fifty-eight men 
and eight officers, and at 9 o'clock p.m. one hundred and eighty- 
nine men and officers were present for duty. 

When the guard had been established and the public excluded 
from the ruined district I communicated with your office, apprising 
you of my receipt of the precept and of my action in the premises ; 
also communicated with Col. Charles K. Darling, commander of 
the Sixth Infantry. 

The men wore blue fatigue uniforms, were equipped with Spring- 
field rifles, calibre 45, rod bayonet, web belts, haversacks and can- 
teens, and, with the exception of Company C, were provided with 
five rounds of ball ammunition. 

Fifteen tents were procured from the State arsenal, and arrived 
at the scene at 7.30 o'clock p.m., and were immediately pitched, 
each company having five tents. Rain had set in at 6 o'clock p.m., 
and the men were drenched before shelter was provided. At this 
time Company G changed its quarters to a field on Billerica Street, 
near the Wigginville schoolhouse. Emergency rations were issued 
the first day by Lieut. Lewis G. Hunton, commissary officer of the 
Sixth Regiment's staff. 

On Thursday, July 30, thirteen more tents were received from 
the State arsenal, and pitched. Companies G and M brought 
their buzzacot cooking outfits from their storehouses at State camp 
grounds. Company C had unfortunately lost their cooking outfit, 
and were served cooked rations during the tour of duty. 

On this day companies were divided into reliefs, and regular 
routine of guard duty was carried out. The territory guarded by 
the troops was bounded as follows : beginning at Lawrence Street, 
at its intersection with Billerica Street, to Talbot Street, to Easton 
Street, to River Street, to Billerica Street, and along the latter 
street to point of beginning, making a line of about one and one- 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 87 

half miles in length ; and guards were also posted on private 
houses within and without the line. 

Special orders from headquarters Sixth Infantry were received, 
ordering to duty Maj. Geo. F. Dow, surgeon; Lieut. Lewis G. 
Hunton, commissar}' of subsistence, mustering officer and acting 
paymaster ; and Sergt. Frederick C. M. Silk, commissary sergeant. 
Major Dow was relieved from duty August 2, and Lieut. Joseph 
S. Hart, assistant surgeon, Sixth Infantry, served as medical 
officer during the remainder of our tour of duty. 

I appointed as acting adjutant Lieut. George S. Howard of 
Company G, Sergt. Maj. John E. Bruch and orderly Priv. W. 
Marden of Sixth Regiment, non-commissioned staff, to report to 
me July 31 to assist us in our work. 

On account of the prevalence of dysentery among the men during 
the first two days of our duty, I caused to be issued an order warn- 
ing the soldiers against drinking the water obtainable in the ruined 
district, and made arrangements for carboys of spring water to be 
provided for each company. The sickness among the men almost 
entirely disappeared within twenty-four hours after changing water. 

Sunday, August 2, it is estimated that seventy thousand people 
visited the scene of the explosion, and were handled by our men 
without a hitch of any kind. 

Gen. J. H. Whitney of the State Police, who was upon the 
grounds, was of valuable assistance to us in our work, in suggest- 
ing the disposition of our men to protect property and to aid the 
civic authorities. 

The camp was honored by a visit from your office Saturday 
afternoon, August 1. 

Sunday, August 2, Col. Chas. K. Darling, commanding Sixth 
Regiment Infantry, visited our camp, and expressed himself as 
pleased with the discipline of the troops. 

The troops were complimented by His Honor Mayor Charles E. 
Howe, Hon. John C. Burke, Judge Samuel P. Hadley, and other 
prominent citizens, upon the soldierly manner in which they 
performed their duties. 

I received a communication from your office at 12.30 o'clock 
p.m., August 3, asking if it was safe to withdraw the troops. I 
immediately held a conference with the mayor, who decided that 
the presence of the troops was no longer necessary. I issued 
orders to break camp at 3 o'clock p.m., August 3, and caused the 
battalion to assemble at 4 o'clock p.m. at the corner of Talbot and 
Billerica streets, and marched to the Lowell armory, where the 
jnen were dismissed. 



88 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

With the exception of the first night on duty, the weather was 
fair. 

The men are all well, and report no bad effects from the sudden 
call. 

I wish to compliment the officers and men on the faithful and 
cheerful manner in which my every order or instruction was obeyed. 

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

WM. FAIRWEATHER, 

Captain Commanding Provisional Battalion. 



1904.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



89 



REPORTS OF COMMANDING OFFICERS. 



Headquarters First Brigade, M. V. M., 
Boston, Mass., Dec. 15, 1903. 

The Adjutant General of Massachusetts. 

Sir : — I have the honor to report on the eight days' tour of 
duty of the First Brigade at camp at Framingham, June 20 to 27, 
inclusive. The organizations constituting the brigade, with the 
exception of the First Regiment Heavy Artillery, assembled in 
accordance with General Orders, No. 7, A. G. O., and General 
Orders, No. 2, headquarters First Brigade, current series. The 
first day of camp was considered as the annual drill by all the 
various sub-divisions of the brigade. 

The attendance during the tour of duty was satisfactory, and 
was as follows : — 



• 


Enrollment. 


Present. 


Per Cent. 


Brigadier General and staff, 
Second Regiment Infantry, 
Sixth Regiment Infantry, . 
First Battalion Light Artillery, . 
Troop F, Cavalry, .... 

Signal Corps, 

Detachment of Ambulance Corps, 


19 
816 
819 
201 
105 
28 
32 


19 
797 
801 
198 
101 
28 
32 


100.000 
97.672 
97.802 
98.507 
96.190 
100.000 
100.000 


Brigade record, .... 


2,020 


1,976 


97.822 



The sanitary condition of the camp was good, and considering 
the very unfavorable weather conditions, it raining almost every 
day during the encampment, the health of the command was 
remarkably good, only three men being in the hospital for treat- 
ment during the tour of duty. 

The policing and general cleanliness of the camp were excellent, 
being under the immediate supervision of the medical director, 
Lieut. Col. Otis H. Marion, and the other surgeons of the brigade. 
At this tour of duty a new departure was made in camp sanitation, 
by having a non-commissioned officer detailed from each company 



90 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

as an acting sanitary sergeant. He was held responsible for the 
care of company quarters and the policing of the company street 
and adjacent territory. In my opinion, the result more than 
justified the detail. 

The performance of guard duty graded from good to very bad ; 
and, until more time and study in company armories is given to 
this most important part of a soldier's duty, it must continue to 
be, as it now is, the weak spot in our militia system. Command- 
ing officers should insist, and see to it, that officers of the line 
make a specialty of this line of military work at their home 
stations. 

The arrangement for rationing the brigade was upon the same 
plan as that of last year, which I do not think can be improved 
upon. The quality of the food was excellent, abundant, and gave 
universal satisfaction throughout the brigade ; and great credit 
should be given to the Commissary General, Brig. Gen. Fred. W. 
Wellington, for the practical and economical system inaugurated 
and so successfully carried out under his supervision. 

Sunday, June 21, was designated as a day of rest, all drills 
being suspended and visitors not being generally admitted. Re- 
ligious services were held and conducted by regimental chaplains, 
preceded by an inspection by commanding officers. 

Tuesday, June 23, the brigade was honored by an official visit 
from Lieut. Gen. Nelson A. Miles, U. S. A., who remained with 
the command all day, and made a critical inspection of it. A 
review of the brigade was tendered to and accepted by him, and 
passed off in a creditable manner. 

Wednesday, June 24, Maj. Gen. Daniel E. Sickles, U. S. A., 
retired, visited the camp, and was received with the customary 
honors. A hard rainstorm prevented his taking a review of the 
brigade, which had been tendered to and accepted by him. 

One of the most practicable and instructive days of the week 
was the tour of duty of the brigade in Boston, Thursday, June 25, 
the occasion being the dedication of the Hooker monument erected 
on the State House grounds, the entire militia of the State partici- 
pating. The arrangements for the transportation of the brigade 
from the camp at Framingham were made by Capt. Walter H. 
Woods, brigade quartermaster, and were eminently satisfactory. 
The Boston & Albany train service was of the best, the rolling 
stock ample for the comfortable and expeditious transportation of 
the brigade, the mobilization was made exactly in accordance with 
the schedule, and the entire brigade reported promptly at the 
designated rendezvous in Boston with full ranks. Upon the com- 
pletion of the parade the brigade returned to camp at Framingham, 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 91 

and every organization reported a full complement of officers and 
men as present for duty, — none missing or absent without leave. 
During the parade no straggling was observed, and not a single 
case of intoxication noted. The tour of duty demonstrated the 
ability of the officers of the brigade to mobilize their commands, 
to keep their men well in hand, and to maintain the best of disci- 
pline under all circumstances and conditions. 

Friday, June 26, His Excellency the Governor and Commander- 
in-Chief, the Hon. John L. Bates, visited the camp, accompanied 
by his staff. The day was designated visitors' day, and the pub- 
lic was freely admitted by a special pass. A review was tendered 
the Commander-in-Chief by the brigade commander, and passed 
off in a very satisfactory manner. 

Saturday, June 27, camp was broken at an early hour, the 
various subdivisions of the brigade proceeding directly to their 
home stations, and all arriving without accidents or casualties. 

1 respectfully recommend, if the present camp ground at South 
Framingham is continued, that a thoroughly modern system of 
drainage be introduced ; that a crematory be built for the disposal 
of garbage and general refuse, which is now dumped in rear of 
the camp ground ; that the stable at brigade headquarters be 
rebuilt or enlarged, the present one being entirely inadequate to 
the needs of State and brigade headquarters ; and that the stables 
of the artillery and cavalry be thoroughly repaired, — they are now 
in very poor condition. 

Very respectfully, 

Thos. R. Mathews, 

Brigadier General. 

Headquarters Second Brigade, M. V. M., 
Boston, Dec. 7, 1903. 

Brig. Gen. Samuel Dalton, Adjutant General. Stale House, Boston. 

Sir : — I have the honor to make report of the annual tour of 
camp duty of the Second Brigade (excepting the Fifth Regiment 
Infantry and Battery A, Light Artillery) at South Framingham, 
July 18 to 24. 

Pursuant to General Orders, No. 7, current series, A. G-. O , I 
assumed command of the camp ground on Friday, July 17. All 
the organizations reported on Saturday, July 18, before 11 a.m. 

Tents were pitched by the troops after arrival, except in the 
case of the cavalry. Guard mounting took place at 2 p.m., and 
thereafter the regular routine, as established in General Orders, 
No. 7, current series, these headquarters, was followed. On 
Sunday all drills were omitted. 



92 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

The brigade was reviewed by Brigadier General Brigham on 
July 21. 

On July 22 His Excellency the Governor and Commander-in- 
Chief visited the camp and reviewed the brigade. He further 
honored the brigade by spending the night in camp. 

Although it rained at some time on each day of the encampment, 
the work was not interfered with materially. 

On Thursday, July 23, the brigade spent the morning outside of 
the camp ground in field exercises. Major Eldredge, with his 
battalion of the Eighth Infantry, assisted by a detachment of the 
cavalry and Signal Corps, was given charge of an outpost of an 
imaginary force encamped on the State camp ground. His pur- 
pose was to delay the attacking force, — consisting of the rest of 
the brigade, — which approached from the west, until the imaginary 
defending force should have time to form. Captains Shipton and 
England and Lieutenant Stofford, U. S. A., and Lieutenant Colonel 
Clement and Major Meredith, Fifth Infantry, M. V. M., acted as 
umpires. The experience was of value to all the troops. Major 
Eldredge in particular was skillful in handling his force. A very 
instructive criticism on the exercises was given in the evening, by 
the regular army officers mentioned, to the captains and field 
officers of the brigade. 

With this exception the drills were confined to the camp ground. 
While the discipline was on the whole satisfactory, it was obvious 
that in many organizations military courtesy is not what it should 
be, and there is a failure to instil into the minds of many men the 
idea that there must be always an immediate and unhesitating 
obedience to orders. 

Guard duty was on the whole more satisfactory than usual. In 
the brigade guard the special orders for the various posts were 
printed on large cards, prominently displayed. In the Eighth 
Infantry a copy of each sentinel's special orders was set up at his 
post. There is, however, much room for improvement, and it is 
intended to better this important duty during the winter. 

The commissary arrangements were as excellent as they always 
have been in recent years under the direction of General Welling- 
ton. While the present system works so admirably that one 
hesitates to suggest any change, it would seem that the present 
system might be operated entirely by a brigade commissary, with- 
out the intervention on the field of the Commissary General. 

The camp closed July 24, at 9 a.m., and the various organiza- 
tions departed shortly thereafter for their respective home stations. 

Particular mention should be made of the excellent work per- 
formed by the Signal Corps, under Lieutenant Stevens. A field 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 93 

telephone was installed in a few hours, connecting headquarters 
and the various organizations. Several thousand feet of wire 
were laid underground in such a way that their location could not 
be discovered. 

I also wish to commend a detachment from Light Battery A, 
who volunteered for the week for the purpose of firing the morning 
and evening gun and the necessary salutes. 

It is hoped that it may be possible to issue to the troops in the 
near future a suitable service uniform. The present unsightly 
canvas uniform tends to make the men slouchy and unsoldierly. 

It is also respectfully suggested that the Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts does not possess sufficient camp equipage to equip 
its entire military force. It would seem to be more suitable if 
each brigade had its own outfit of camp equipage, instead of using 
the tents in common. 

The Fifth Infantry performed its tour of camp duty at Duxbury, 
and Battery A, Light Artillery, at Sandwich. Reports of the 
commanders of these organizations have been forwarded. 

Very respectfully, 

J. H. Whitney, 

Brigadier General. 

Headquarters Fifth Regiment Infantry, 

Second Brigade, M. V. M., 

Boston, Mass., Sept. 28, 1903. 

To the Adjutant General of Massachusetts, State House, Boston. 

Sir : — I have the honor to report that, pursuant to General 
Orders, No. 7, current series, A. G. O., the Fifth Regiment 
Infantry performed its annual tour of camp duty for the current 
year at Duxbury, Mass., from August 8 to 14, inclusive. The 
camp was designated and known as the camp at Duxbury. 

The camp was located on a plateau about twenty feet above 
mean sea level, situated at the easterly end of a promontory known 
as Powder Point. The site was approximately level, sheltered by 
high ground to the north and north-east, and sloping gently towards 
the water side. It commanded a fine view of the ocean to the 
eastward, and of Duxbury bay and Plymouth harbor to the south 
and west, and nothing finer in the way of situation could be found 
on the Massachusetts coast. The soil was so porous that it was 
not necessary to ditch the camp, and it was observed that after 
the heavy rainfall of Sunday morning, the only inclement weather 
experienced, the ground was dry in half an hour. In all respects 
except one, which will be commented on later, the location was 
ideal. 



94 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

For this fine site we were indebted to Mr. William J. Wright, a 
public-spirited citizen of Duxbury, who gratuitously placed at my 
disposal the whole of his extensive shore property, comprising a 
number of tracts more or less suitable for camp purposes. Besides 
the place occupied by the camp, there was a large extent of upland 
available, which was used for extended order drills, guard mount- 
ing and athletic sports. We are under further obligations to Mr. 
Wright for his constant personal efforts to make the camp pleasant 
and instructive, by securing many privileges for us over the sur- 
rounding country and in assisting in the selection of suitable 
ground for battle exercises. 

I desire also at this point to express my gratitude to Mrs. Joseph 
Peterson, who donated the use of a large and level field adjoining 
the Wright property, on which were held the close-order drills, 
evening parades and the review of Wednesday. 

The general arrangement of the camp conformed to the plan 
which was used by the regiment during its service in 1898, and 
which was followed at Lakeville in 1902. A copy of the plan in a 
scale of forty feet to the inch accompanies this report. The one 
adverse feature of the terrain, which was alluded to above, is 
apparent by reference to this drawing. The camp site was limited 
in the direction of depth by the high road traversing the camp on 
the south and by private property on the north. This compelled 
us to reduce the depth of the camp to about one hundred and fifty 
feet, whereas the normal minimum depth should be at least two 
hundred feet. Much of the saving was obtained by reducing the 
width of the officers' street, and by placing the majors in line with 
the company officers ; but it resulted in bringing the company 
kitchens into too close proximity to the officers' quarters. I 
anticipate that this feature will be commented on by the inspectors, 
and I wish to explain that it was unavoidable, except by placing 
the kitchens at the other end of the company streets ; and that 
plan, though considered, was abandoned on account of the danger 
to houses on adjacent land from sparks from the fires. This 
shallowness of the site was the one respect in which the location 
failed of being perfect. 

The essentials of camp life were provided for as follows : — 

Water Supply. — Water was obtained from three driven wells 
contracted for shortly before the tour of duty. The water was of 
excellent quality, and its purity established by analysis before the 
arrival of the regiment. Each well had a capacity of about ten 
gallons per minute, which was many times in excess of our needs, 
and was sunk far below the point where danger from pollution 
might be feared, being upwards of thirty feet in depth. No 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 95 

recourse was had or needed to any pre-existing supply, but Mr. 
Wright kindly furnished two large watering carts, which were on 
hand and in readiness to team water from his private reservoir in 
case our own supply failed. In this important respect we were 
doubly provided for. 

Sinks. — Owing to the shallowness of the camp site, the sinks 
for the enlisted men were placed on either flank, at a distance of 
two hundred feet from the company streets. They were covered 
by substantial wooden shelters, with roofs protected by tarred 
paper. A liberal use of disinfectants and dry earth kept them 
wholesome and in sanitary condition. A smaller sink for officers 
was located in rear of headquarters. 

Garbage Pits. — Three deep pits, boarded over, with trap doors 
fitting tightly over the openings, were provided for the disposal 
of all kitchen refuse. They were located in rear of the latrines, 
and were treated with disinfectants in the same manner as the 
latter. 

Stable. — As a matter of economy, no stable was provided within 
the camp limits. The horses were picketed through the day, and 
at night were taken to a stable which was rented for the week, 
and which was about a mile from the camp. 

Kitchens. — Shelters ten by ten feet, of cheap boards covered 
with tarred paper and supported by four uprights, were provided 
for the buzzacot outfits. Most of the messes added shelves to 
these structures at their own expense. One tent was allowed each 
mess for the storing of supplies. This arrangement appears to be 
satisfactory, but should be replaced by some form of portable 
kitchen, if camps of this nature are to be frequent, as the expense 
and trouble of providing these temporary shelters is considerable, 
and they are practically a dead loss at the end of the camp. 

The regiment arrived in camp at noon on Saturday, August 8. 
The company cooks with their details having reported the day 
before, dinner was at once eaten, after which the afternoon was 
spent in getting the camp in order. This was completed by 5 p.m., 
and the day's duty was ended with evening parade. 

On Sunday the daily routine was restricted to inspection of 
quarters and evening parade. Religious services were conducted 
by the chaplain in the afternoon, being postponed from the hour 
originally appointed in the morning by reason of a heavy rainfall. 

On Monday and Tuesday drills were held both morning and 
afternoon, the periods being divided between close and extended 
order drills by battalions and by the regiment as a whole. 

On Wednesday the morning drill period was employed in like 
manner. In the afternoon the regiment was reviewed by His Ex- 



96 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

cellency the Governor of the Commonwealth, who later witnessed 
evening parade. 

On Thursday the most important exercise of the week was 
carried out, in the form of a problem of attack and defence. At 
8.30 a.m. the commanding officer, with Major Stover's and Major 
Meredith's battalions, left camp and marched about two miles 
into the country. After an hour spent on the old Alden farm in 
practising the deployments and extended order formations, this 
party was thrown into line of battle, and its march directed on the 
camp. Meanwhile, Lieutenant Colonel Clement, who had been 
left in command of the camp, with Major Butler's battalion as a 
garrison, had been making his dispositions for the defence. The 
problem consisted simply of an attack on Colonel Clement's posi- 
tion. The attacking party developed the position of the defence 
by its scouting parties, and, when ascertained, rectified its lines 
and proceeded to drive its opponents back upon the camp. The 
exercise was rather an extended order drill with a represented 
enemy than a problem. It was greatly marred by the lack of 
blank ammunition, as it was difficult at times for the opposing 
parties to locate each other, or even to know whether they were 
under fire or not. Notwithstanding this, and in spite of the many 
crudities which were expected and realized from need of drills 
over natural ground, the exercise was most valuable to the regi- 
ment. The officers gained much practice in preserving the con- 
tinuity of the lines and the touch of the echelons, and the enlisted 
men received much needed instruction in scouting and in the use 
of cover. The exercise was concluded shortly after noon, and 
was followed after dinner by battalion drills in close order. 

On Friday, the 14th, camp was struck, in accordance with the 
system used for several years by this regiment, the tents falling 
simultaneously at 11.15 a.m. The regiment entrained at the Dux- 
bury station at 2.30 p.m., and arrived at Boston shortly before 4 
o'clock, where the companies were dismissed. 

The health of officers and men during the tour of duty was 
remarkable, no one being confined to the hospital, and the calls 
upon the medical officers being limited to one or two cases of 
minor surgery in patching up trifling cuts and bruises. This 
record is not surprising, as every condition was present to promote 
good health. Although the weather was hot, the ocean breezes 
kept the temperature at a comfortable point, and good water, food 
of excellent quality and well cooked, constant vigilance as to camp 
sanitation and frequent sea bathing kept the men in a condition 
that was not only evident from the blank pages in the surgeon's 
report book, but that could be seen in the energy and activity dis- 
played on drill and at the many athletic events held during the 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 97 

week. No doubt remains in the minds of those officers who spent 
the week at the Duxbury camp as to the desirability of establishing 
future camps on the sea shore, if we wish to make the most of our 
summer tours of duty. 

As the performance of the summer camp duty elsewhere than 
on the State field at South Framingham is to be regarded as 
experimental, it seems proper that I should include in my report 
the conclusions at which I have arrived as to the success of this 
tour of duty, and my judgment as to the benefits derived from it 
by the regiment. To do so intelligently necessarily calls for a 
comparison of this camp with the traditional camp at Framingham. 

In the first place, there was no condition essential to health 
and comfort, or necessary to military training, which exists at 
Framingham, lacking in the camp at Duxbury. In other words, 
all the requirements of a successful military camp of instruction 
existed at Duxbury in as great a degree as on the State field at 
Framingham. 

But this is not all. To the question which has been asked by 
many officers interested in the outcome of our recent tour of duty, 
" Was there anything which you could do or learn at Duxbury 
which you could not have equally well done or learned at Framing- 
ham?" I must reply emphatically in the affirmative. We had 
all the advantages which we would have had at Framingham, 
and we also had many others, the most important of which I will 
enumerate. 

First, we had the benefit of the valuable experience of selecting 
a camp site, and of laying out our camp in conformity to the 
terrain. The officers were encouraged to visit the territory placed 
at our disposal, and many did so, weeks before the date fixed for 
the tour. It is believed that the examination of the ground and 
the discussion of the proper laying out and equipment of the site 
have greatly increased their knowledge of practical camping. 

Second, the staff, and especially the quartermaster and com- 
missary of subsistence, derived the most valuable instruction in 
the problems of transportation, contracting and supply. These 
officers had already had some practical experience at Lakeville, 
in 1902 ; and the marked improvement which was noticed in the 
administration of their departments this year justifies the opinion 
that camps such as those at Lakeville and at Duxbury are the only 
schools in which they can attain proficiency in their duties. 

Third, we had an abundance of natural ground for exercises 
in attack and defence, in addition to being as well provided with 
level ground for the ornamental features as at the State camp 
ground. 

Fourth, the company cooks were enabled to establish their 



98 ADJUTANT GENEKAL'S EEPORT. [Jan. 

kitchens and prepare the meals for their companies under the same 
conditions which would prevail in actual service. It is hardly to 
be expected that we shall develop a class of good army cooks in 
the militia, if we limit their practical training to work over a hotel 
range in a permanent building. At the beginning of the war in 
1898 thousands of volunteers went hungry in the midst of abun- 
dance, because there were few cooks who understood open-air 
cooking. One of the things we are trying to do is to prevent a 
repetition of this experience, by seeing to it that every company 
has at least one man who is an adept in camp cooking. I noticed 
that at Duxbury the new cooks improved very much from day to 
day, and I believe that the training these men got was alone worth 
all the cost and trouble of the camp. 

Fifth, we learned something about camp sanitation under the 
conditions of a service camp. At Framingham, the demonstration 
of this subject begins and ends with policing the company streets. 
At Duxbury, in addition to a thorough and excellent policing of the 
grounds, the regiment had to grapple with the disposal of garbage 
and kitchen slops and the use of disinfectants. Sooner or later 
every phase of camp sanitation came up, and was met and disposed 
of by the officers and men in a practical way. 

In general, we got away from the fixed, stereotyped ways and 
traditions of Framingham, and learned how to do the planning as 
well as the execution of the many details which together constitute 
the art of camping. 

The location was much more healthful than that of the Framing- 
ham camp ground, and the opportunity for sea bathing was an 
advantage that was appreciated by the men. I believe that their 
interest in the militia is stimulated, and that they will be more 
likely to serve successive enlistments if a policy is adopted of 
camping in different localities from year to year. It is certain 
that, under the old policy of having the summer tour invariably 
at Framingham, the great majority of the men soon tired of the 
service, and dropped out. The enthusiasm of the men this year, 
upon their return home, over their experiences at Duxbury, leads 
me to predict that a series of camps of this kind will tend to keep 
the old men on the rolls, and lessen the number of recruits who 
have to be broken in every year. 

Finally, I would suggest that it is unquestionably developing a 
great interest on the part of the public in the militia to afford the 
opportunity to the residents of the different sections of the State 
of seeing the troops on duty, and of visiting their camps. It came 
to my notice, before the recent tour of duty, that a large part of 
the population of Duxbury viewed the approaching camp of the 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 99 

Fifth Regiment with alarm. I have since learned that many of 
the townspeople thought that their homes were to be invaded by a 
mob of rowdies, who were coming there to have a "good time," 
and who might be expected to commit all kinds of depredations 
and breaches of the peace. Even some of the summer residents, 
who had never had a chance to see the militia at close range, were 
disturbed, and one lady applied to me for a safeguard over her 
property. It is extremely gratifying to record how completely 
these misgivings were overthrown, and how cordial a respect and 
liking for the regiment took place within a day after its arrival. 
On leaving, I was formally assured by the selectmen that they 
were delighted with the conduct of the regiment, and that it was 
the hope of the people of Duxbury that we might come again next 
year. 

The same sentiments were expressed to me and to my officers 
on every hand. I would therefore note, as one of the beneficial 
results of the Duxbury camp, the creation of a cordial regard for 
the citizen soldiery in that vicinity and among hundreds of vaca- 
tionists from all parts of the State ; and I believe that such camps 
will do much to win the moral and material support of the tax- 
paying public in those localities where the militia has hitherto been 
an unknown and almost dreaded institution. 

I wish to express my sincere thanks to Capt. James A. Shipton 
and Capt. Lloyd England of the Army, who were on duty with the 
regiment under orders from the War Department, for their valu- 
able assistance and advice, freely given and gratefully received, 
during the tour of duty. 

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

William H. Oakes, 
Colonel Commanding. 



Headquarters Naval Brigade, M. V. M., 
Fall River, Mass., Jan. 1, 1904. 

To Brig. Gen. Samuel Dalton, Adjutant General, M. V. M., Boston, Mass. 
Sir: — In accordance with General Orders, No. 10, current 
series, A. G. O., and General Orders, No. 10, headquarters, Naval 
Brigade, M. V. M , the Naval Brigade, M. V. M., performed its 
annual tour of duty on board the U. S. S. "Prairie," which was 
attached to the North Atlantic Fleet commanded by Rear Admiral 
A. W. Barker, U. S. N., and embarked at the New York & New 
Haven Railroad Company's docks, Congress Street, Boston, Mass., 
on tug for transport to the ship lying off the Navy Yard, on Satur- 
day morning, Aug. 22, 1903. 



100 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

As the accommodations on board the " Prairie " were limited, 
a few officers and men were detailed for duty on the U. S. S. 
" Inca," stationed at Fall River. 

The embarkation of the brigade took place promptly and orderly, 
station billets for each man having been furnished the ship prior 
to embarkation ; the men were established in their respective 
stations within a short space of time after reporting aboard. 

The "Prairie" in the afternoon weighed anchor, and on the 
following morning joined the fleet at Rockland, Me. 

On Friday, August 28, after having participated in the manoeu- 
vres with the fleet off the coast of Maine, the "Prairie" was 
detached, and proceeded to Boston, arriving there Saturday morn- 
ing, August 29, where the disembarkation of the brigade took 
place, and the various companies were entrained to their home 
stations. 

During the manoeuvres the men were under the immediate com- 
mand of their own officers, supervised by the officers of the ship. 

While at Casco Bay three hundred officers and men of the 
brigade were sent on an expedition to Jewell's Island, under com- 
mand of Lieut. Com. William B. Edgar, to search the island for 
signal stations, etc. A telephone station and supplies were dis- 
covered and constructively destroyed. 

On the night of August 26-27, two armed boats' crews of the 
brigade were sent alongside the "Hartford" to report for duty 
with a landing party. 

On Friday, August 28, while off Cape Elizabeth, the entire bri- 
gade, under my command, participated in the landing party, under 
Admiral Coghlan, U. S. N., for the attack on Cape Elizabeth. 

During the manoeuvres, the work of the brigade was highly com- 
mented upon by the regular officers of the Navy, under whose 
immediate command they served. 

Officers and men received all possible assistance from the regular 
force on the U. S. S. " Prairie," and in working with the regular 
crew the result was very beneficial, as far as the gaining of 
knowledge and experience is concerned. Practically all the small 
boat work, which was considerable, was done by the brigade men. 
Drills at the battery were frequent. The U. S. S. " Prairie " being 
attached to the training squadron, her officers and men were 
peculiarly adapted to their work, and devoted a large portion of 
their time instructing the men of this organization, with very 
beneficial results. This year's tour should show for the increased 
efficiency of this organization. To the commanding officer, the 
officers and enlisted men of the U. S. S. " Prairie," the brigade is 
indebted for every courtesy and every advantage which could be 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 101 

shown them. The extraordinary work in preparation for this tour 
devolved upon a few officers, and it was admirably carried out. 
Officers and men are entitled to a great deal of credit for their 
work ashore when the U. S. Naval Brigade landed, under Admiral 
Coghlan, U. S. N. 

Capt. Duncan Kennedy, commanding the U. S. S. "Prairie," 
made report to the Secretary of the Navy on the work of the 
brigade while aboard his ship, as follows : — 

During the time that the brigade was on board ship their behavior 
was excellent. There was no trouble whatever. The officers were 
attentive to their duties, and efficient. The men were always ready 
for any duty, and showed an excellent spirit. I take pleasure in calling 
the department's attention to the excellent discipline which was evident 
among both officers and men. Orders were promptly obeyed, and never 
any question raised as to the propriety of any duty that they might be 
called upon to perform. 

The following is an extract of a report of Rear Admiral Coghlan, 
U. S. N., to the Secretary of the Navy : — 

I have. to state that Captain Buffinton, with the Massachusetts Naval 
Brigade, was only under my command in the attack on the Two Lights 
and adjoining stations. The following is an extract from my letter to 
the Commander-in-Chief of the North Atlantic Fleet, relative to this land 
attack : "I desire to invite your special attention to the exemplary conduct 
and morale of the forces engaged, with which I was highly delighted. 
No praise can be too great for it. The battalion commanders, subordi- 
nate officers and men all entered into the spirit of the work with zeal, 
and all displayed excellent judgment. The battalions were handled 
by their officers in a most intelligent manner. Captain Buffinton, with 
his force of Massachusetts Naval Militia, acted as reserve for our main 
body during the advance, and when near Two Lights was thrown for- 
ward on the left and was in the assault and capture of the ultimate posi- 
tion ; and, had not orders been given him not to rush in before the 
general charge was sounded, his force would have captured the last 
position alone, he being well on the flank, although he would probably 
have been counted out on ' constructive ' entrenchment." 

I would add that the Massachusetts battalion was well organized, 
equipped and officered, and showed zeal worthy of all commendation. 
Owing to the shortness of time of preparation, I could get but a few 
moments with Captain Buffinton to give him the object of the movement 
and complete directions for its execution, necessarily leaving all details 
to his own judgment. My trust was not misplaced, and the work of the 
battalion demonstrated a high degree of discipline and intelligence 
among the officers and men. Inasmuch as the conduct of all this bat- 
talion was so worthy of praise, it is unnecessary to particularize any 
further. 



102 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

The following is a copy of the report of Rear Admiral A. W. 
Barker, U. S. N., Commander-in-Chief of North Atlantic Fleet : — 

Sir : — (1) It gives me pleasure to state that the Massachusetts Naval 
Militia, under your command, performed admirably their duties during 
the late Army and Navy manoeuvres off Portland, Me,, and showed a 
high state of efficiency ; (2) Massachusetts may well be proud of her 
Naval Militia ; (3) I congratulate you upon commanding such a well- 
organized body of seamen. 

Very respectfully, 

Geo. R. H. Buffinton, 

Captain, Chief of Brigade. 



Headquarters First Corps Cadets, M. V. M., 
Bostox, July 20, 1903. 

Gen. Samuel D Alton, Adjutant General of Massachusetts. 

General : — I have the honor to report that my command left 
its armory at 5.15 o'clock p.m., July 10, and went into camp at 
Hingham, to be in readiness to commence its tour of annual drill 
on Saturday, July 11, and continue with its tour of camp duty, 
commencing on Sunday, July 12, and ending on Saturday, July 18. 

It was the intention of the corps to add to its other duties the 
building of a floating bridge on Saturday, July 11, but the non- 
arrival of a portion of the necessary material in time compelled a 
postponement of the work until Monday, July 13, when it was 
satisfactorily performed. With this exception, the usual routine, 
according to the standing orders of the corps, was observed, and, 
except one ceremony, was not materially interfered with by bad 
weather. 

On Wednesday morning, July 15, at 8.30 o'clock, the corps, less 
the necessary guard details for the protection of the camp, marched 
out under command of Major Talbot to a point some five miles or 
more in the direction of South Hingham, and established a field 
camp, from which, that afternoon, one company, D, under Captain 
Rollins, was sent out to take position for defence on a hill some- 
thing more than a mile distant. Soon afterward, the other three 
companies, A, B and C, under Captains Joy, Cabot and Blanchard, 
respectively, all under Major Talbot's command, were disposed for 
attack. The operation lasted about five hours, and was conducted 
over a very rough bit of country in a creditable and instructive 
manner. 

The corps spent the night in bivouac, and returned to camp at 
about 10 o'clock on Thursday morning, July 16. 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 103 

His Excellency the Governor and Commander-in-Chief visited 
the camp on Monday morning, July 13, with several members of 
his staff, dined with the corps at 1 o'clock, and reviewed it at 4 
o'clock p.m. He departed at about 5 o'clock. 

Gen. W. H. Brigham, Inspector General, and Lieut. Col. F. B. 
Carpenter, Assistant Inspector General, were guests of the corps 
from Friday, July 10, until Tuesday, July 14. Lieut. Col. Paul 
R. Hawkins, Assistant Inspector General, also accompanied the 
corps to camp on July 10, and remained with it on duty as 
inspector throughout the tour, returning to Boston with it on July 
18. It was a pleasure to have these officers present, and there 
was much regret expressed because the Adjutant General was 
able to be present only during the visit of His Excellency the 
Commander-in-Chief. 

The corps were also gratified because two officers of the United 
States Army, Capt. James A. Shipton, Artillery Corps, and Capt. 
Lloyd England, Artillery Corps, were permitted to be its guests 
in this camp, for the following reason. On May 21 Maj. Robert 
H. Patterson, Artillery Corps, U. S. A., had officially inspected 
the corps, by order of the War Department, to ascertain its fitness 
to exist as a portion of the militia under the act passed by Con- 
gress Jan. 21, 1903, particularly so because it is one of the organi- 
zations referred to in section 3 of said act, which continues, " with 
their accustomed privileges," certain military bodies protected in 
like manner by the act of May 8, 1 792 ; but before Major Patter- 
son could make a report he was taken ill, and relieved by Captains 
Shipton and England, detailed to complete the work. I therefore 
applied, through the Adjutant General's office of this State and 
the Army Department of the East, to have Captains Shipton and 
England visit the corps as its guests, and personally see its work, 
hoping that their observations might be of use in completing the 
interrupted report of Major Patterson. This permission was 
granted. 

Apart, however, from such scrutiny as they exercised, these 
officers were of great assistance to the corps, unconsciously per- 
haps to themselves, in their courteous readiness to answer the 
multitude of questions with which at times they were possibly 
almost pestered ; and they bore the infliction with remarkable 
patience. They won the respect of the corps for their professional 
attainments, and its admiration for their personal qualities. 

Major Patterson, although scarcely recovered from his recent 
severe illness, was kind enough to come over from his post at Fort 
Warren near by, and favored the corps with a visit of a few hours 
on July 12, which courtesy was highly appreciated. 



104 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S EEPOET. 



[Jan. 



There were none sick in camp throughout the tour. One man 
came there disabled by a scalded foot, and was detailed for clerical 
duty, on which he was busily and continuously employed every 
day. 

The corps was much troubled by mosquitoes ; they came from 
the shores of the cove behind the body of the camp. Simple and 
now well-known precautions by the town of Hingham would have 
prevented this annoyance. 

The attendance at this camp was the largest in the history of 
the corps. A table is appended. 

Very respectfully, 

Thomas F. Edmands, 
Lieutenant Colonel Commanding. 



Table of Attendance, First Corps Cadets. 





Present. 


Absent. 


Present 


< 


Camp, 


for 

DUTY. 


SICK. 


"5 
o 


with 

LEAVE. 


WITHOUT 
LEAVE 


o 


and 
Absent. 


o 
a> a; 


1903. 


0) 
« 

E3 
O 


0) . 

m a 


u 

o 


73 

.2 8 


to 
w 

SB 
o 


•a 
<x> . 

.2 S 


m 
s- 
0) 

u 

® 

O 


■a 
H 


m 
s- 
a> 
o 

o 


T3 

.2 5 
"S3 


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o 
EH 




July 11, 


19 


252 


- 


- 


271 


16 


- 




18 


20 


269 


289 


93.77 


12, 


19 


253 


- 


- 


272 




15 


- 




17 


20 


269 


289 


94.12 


13, 


19 


253 


- 


- 


272 




15 


- 




17 


20 


269 


289 


94.12 


14, 


19 


253 


- 


- 


272 


1 


15 


- 




17 


20 


269 


289 


94.12 


15, 


19 


253 


- 


- 


272 




15 


- 




17 


20 


269 


289 


94.12 


16, 


19 


255 


- 


- 


274 




13 


- 




15 


20 


269 


289 


94.81 


17, 


19 


256 


- 


- 


275 




12 


- 




14 


20 


269 


289 


95.13 


18, 


19 


256 


- 


- 


275 




12 


- 




14 


20 


269 


289 


95.13 


Average, 




















94.51 



The above does not include a band of twenty-four pieces. 



Headquarters Second Corps Cadets, M. V. M., 
Salem, July 30, 1903. 

Brig. Gen. Samuel Dalton, Adjutant General of Massachusetts. 

Sir : — I have the honor to report that, in accordance with 
General Orders, No. 7, A. G. O., current series, dated April 4, 
1903, my command performed its annual tour of camp duty on its 
camp ground at East Boxford, July 18 to 24, inclusive. 

The corps left the armory in Salem at 8.20 o'clock a.m., on the 
18th. A special train of five cars with baggage car, leaving Salem 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 105 

at 8.35, conveyed the command to East Boxford. No delay 
occurred, beyond the necessary wait for orders atDanvers Junction, 
where connection is made with the western division of the Boston 
& Maine Railroad. East Boxford was reached at 9.20 o'clock, 
and at 9.30 o'clock the camp ground was reached. Headquarter 
tents had been pitched the day previous. Each company and the 
guard pitched its own tents. Guard mounting was performed at 
10.30 o'clock, and the regular routine of camp began in accordance 
with orders from these headquarters. Lieut. Col. Walter C. Hagar, 
A. I. G., arrived about 11 o'clock a.m. 

Rain began to fall Saturday evening, and developed into a very 
cold, north-east gale, which continued through Sunday. Inspection 
and battalion parade were omitted on Sunday, also guard mounting, 
the details being marched to guard quarters under first sergeants. 
Major Vose, surgeon, gave a talk to the corps in the mess hall on 
Sunday forenoon, on " Hygiene." Church service was held in the 
mess hall in the afternoon, at 3 o'clock, Rev. Laid G. Snell of 
Boxford officiating. While much rain fell during this tour of 
duty, no drills were omitted or interfered with thereby, beyond 
the necessary shortening of battalion drill on Thursday afternoon. 
Guard mounting was omitted Tuesday forenoon, the details being 
sent to guard quarters as on Sunday. 

On Tuesday afternoon His Excellency the Governor, with the 
Adjutant General and several members of his staff, reviewed the 
corps, arriving in the forenoon and taking dinner. 

Rifle practice was kept up, beginning on Monday, one company 
being at the butts each day. Lieutenant Robertson, I. R. P., with 
his assistants, all detailed from the enlisted men of the command, 
established ranges at 200, 500 and 600 yards, equipping each range 
with telephones, connecting firing points with butts, setting the 
poles, running wires and making connections without any outside 
assistance. 

Special attention was paid to guard duty and instruction of 
sentries, each guard being required to answer a set of printed 
questions during its tour of duty, in addition to the daily schools 
required to be held by the officer of the guard at guard quarters. 

The routine of camp was conscientiously performed by all ; 
discipline and military courtesy were good, and the tour of duty 
was both instructive and successful. 

The health of the command was excellent, notwithstanding the 
abundance of rain. The hospital was not used at all, and only 
minor ailments came to the attention of the surgeons. 

Very respectfully, 

Andrew Fitz, 

Lieutenant Colonel. 



106 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S EEPORT. [Jan. 1904. 



Headquarters Second Corps Cadets, M. V. M., 
Salem, July 30, 1903. 

Brig. Gen. Samuel Dalton, Adjutant General of Massachusetts. 

Sir : — I have the honor to report that the annual drill of this 
command was performed at Boston, June 25, 1903, on the occasion 
of the dedication of the statue to the memory oj: Gen. Joseph 
Hooker, in accordance with General Orders, No. 9, A. G. O., 
May 22, 1903. 

The corps left Salem by special train at 8.35 a.m. On arriving 
in Boston the command marched without delay to its position on 
Commonwealth Avenue, immediately in rear of the First Corps of 
Cadets, reaching there at 10.20 o'clock. 

After passing in review at the State House the corps marched 
by way of Charles Street by the most direct route to the North 
Station. At 2.10 o'clock p.m. the entire command was embarked, 
and at 2.20 o'clock left Boston, arriving in Salem at about 3 
o'clock. 

Rations were issued through the quartermaster's department 
soon after reaching position on Commonwealth Avenue. 

Very respectfully, 

Andrew Fitz, 

Major Commanding. 



APPENDIX. 



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110 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



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112 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



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1904.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7 



113 









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114 



ADJUTANT GENEKAL'S KEPOKT. 



[Jan, 



Summary of Casualties. 





Resigned. 


Died. 


Failed to 
pass Ex- 
amination. 


Totals. 


Captains, 


8 


- 


- 


8 


Lieutenant, Chief of Company, 


1 


- 


- 


1 


First Lieutenants, .... 


7 


- 


1 


8 


Lieutenants, Junior Grade, . 


2 


- 


- 


2 


Second Lieutenants, 


10 


- 


1 


11 


Ensign, 


- 


1 


- 


1 


Staff Officers, 


15 


1 


- 


16 




43 


2 


2 


47 



Commissions Vacant Dec. 31, 1903. 





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First Regiment Heavy Artillery, 

Fifth Regiment, .... 

Eighth Regiment, 

Naval Brigade, .... 

First Corps Cadets, 

Second Corps Cadets, . 

First Battalion Cavalry, 

First Battalion Light Artillery, . 


1 


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1904.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



115 



Casualties of Enlisted Men, 1903. 



ORGANIZATION. 


Company. 


By Order. 


Promotion. 


Died. 


First Brigade, .... 


- 


13 


2 


- 


Second Brigade, . . . 


- 


6 


4 


- 


First Regiment Heavy Artillery, . 


- 


236 


- 


2 


Second Regiment Infantry, . 


- 


234 


1 


2 


Fifth Regiment Infantry, 


- 


358 


7 


1 


Sixth Regiment Infantry. 


- 


204 


3 


3 


Eighth Regiment Infantry, . 


- 


252 


6 


1 


Ninth Regiment Infantry, 


- 


302 


4 


1 


First Corps Cadets, 


- 


22 


4 


1 


Second Corps Cadets, . 


- 


52 


2 


- 


Naval Brigade, .... 


- 


205 


4 


3 


First Battalion Light Artillery, 


- 


64 


2 


1 


Battery A, Light Artillery, . 




6 


2 


- 


First Battalion Cavalry, 


- 


19 


3 


1 


Troop F, Cavalry, .... 


- 


19 


- 


1 


Ambulance Corps, .... 


- 


29 


- 


- 


Totals, 


- 


2,021 


44 


17 



116 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



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134 



ADJUTANT GENEKAL'S EEPOKT. 



[Jan. 



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Yale University ; 
Dartmouth 
University. 


O 


Montgomery, Vt 

Marshfield, Vt. 
Hartford, Conn., 

Warren. 



■a 
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2d Mass. regt. inf., U. S. V., asst. 
surg., 10 May, 1898; surg., 24 
Oct., 1898; mus. out, 7 Dec, 
1898. 

2d regt. inf., U. S. V., K, 3 May, 
1898; mus. out, 3 Nov , 1898; 
capt. 


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2d regt., col. sgt., 8 May, 1889; sergt. major, 23 
May, 1891. 

Naval brigade, H, 5 April, 1893, seaman, coxswain, 
gunner's mate; 2d regt , 1st It., K, 3 May, 1894; 
capt., 18 Dec, 1896; res., 8 Jan., 1901. 




M 

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Quartermaster 
(rank Captain). 
William E. Parsons, Spring- 
field, May 18, 1900. 

Surgeon 
(rank Major). 
Ernest A. Gates, Springfield, 
Feb. 15, 1899. 

Assistant Surgeon 
(rank Captain). 
Abram C. Williams, Spring- 
field, July 4, 1899. 

Paymaster 
(rank Captain). 
Archibald C. Edson, Hol- 
yoke, Mar. 19, 1892. 

Assistant Surgeon 
(rank First Lieutenant). 
Thomas R. Shaw, Worcester, 
Sept. 28, 1900. 

Inspector Rifle Practice 
(rank First Lieutenant). 
William S. Warriner, 
Springfield, May 20, 1902. 



1904.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



135 



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PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



141 



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142 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



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1904.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



143 



- 1 








































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i 


Assistant Surgeon 
' (rank First Lieutenant), 
oseph S. Hart, Lincoln 
Oct. 18, 1901. 








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1-5 






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144 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



{Jan , 



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PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



173 



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1904. 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



175 









































1 










































"3 






































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Feb. 




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pa 




Battalion Adjutants 
(rank First Lieutenant), 
enjamin F. Flanigan, Cam- 
bridge, Feb. 11, 1890. 






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. +j 

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g" O 

« pa 

s = a 
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c 

rc.2 

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a 




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s 


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176 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan, 




1904.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



177 







• 














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00 






03 


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55 


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pq 




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. 






&s 


Tco 

t) oo . 

** p *a 
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~os 
pqr-. 


o 
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to 


CO 

a ! 

PS 

rS 




• 








., C, U. S. V. 
11 May, 1898 
., 1898. 


Poo 

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d 

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^OS 

-oo 






P "kH 

-cog 


• OO 
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d 

'is? 


00 


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c^5S 






<4h > 

d -o 


OS 


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■ 2 






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co co CD 


o3 

a ^oo 

*=* o3os 


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M t^CO 
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. 


32 ,/ 

2 o 






co CM 
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VH 00 


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.as 


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, ., ., 


^ 




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3d,-2 
1901 
corp. 


■■d • 

OS 
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CO fH 




CO 

cd"S 




; 3d, 
1894 
th, 1 
corp 


6; 2d 
Aug. 
1888 






1896; 
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corp. 


i^T P > 

OS cSt* 


OS „ 
00 CD 

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1—1 i-H 




2d, 7 May, 1891 : 
893 ; 5th, 7 May, 
16 July, 1896; 8 
ch, 1898; priv., 


, 1883; dis., 7 Aug., 188 
i , 10 Aug., 1887; 3d, 10 
g., 1888; 4th, 10 Aug., 


OS 

co 




"Coo > 


d, 1 Oct., 18 
900; 5th, 2 J 
an., 1903; pi 


Ph^ 
T3 co 




2d, 7 April, 
arch, 1899; 
899. 


CO 
i-H 

bo 

o 
i — i 


OS 

CO 
00 

I-H 


; 2d, 11 Ap 
[I April, 189 
11, 1900; pri 
ne, 1900. 


1894; 2 
Jan , 1 
7th, 2 J 


°, to 

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co S 

Is 


bb 

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, 1888 ; 
May, 1 
5; 7th, 
25 Mar 


j5 

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p. 

CD 
CQ 


il, 1893 
; 4th, 1 
11 Apr 

fc.j 4 Ju; 


., A, 1 Oct., 

1898; 4th, 2 
Jan., 1902; 

st sgt. 


o u 

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JO'S 


i-H 

oo 


Jan. 

th, 7 
, 189 
9th, 




CO 

00 

1 — 1 


-4-3 

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Apr 
1897 
6th, 
2dl 


i—i OS 
.00 

n't 






OS 
OS 
QO 

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,B, 20 

1892; 4 
8 June, 
1897; ; 


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r«?3 


bi 

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< 

o 


00 

1— 1 
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., C, 11 
April, 
1899; 

st sgt., 


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Dec , 
6th, 2 
sgt., 1 




top. 
2<3 


£ 


h regt 
May, 
6th, 2 
July, 
sgt. 


regt 
Au 

887; 


DO 


in 

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3d, 11 
April, 
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1.78 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT, 



[Jan 



•o-o 2 

^3^ 00 

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fee 



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fcD 

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o 



1904.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



179 



o 

pa 





oi co 




H 


r-H 


-to 

s 
e 


n 


CO 

I— 1 


s 


ni 


CD 


■^ 




a 


s 


— 


53 

1-5 


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r/7 


as 


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to 






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s. 


Ph 




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03 



03 



GO 



a 



s 

03 



t<m 


• 




rco 




i— 1 - 


- r^ -JO 


rco 


+iCM 






•wCM 




H ► 

o 


troi — 


4^CM 


bC ^ 






,—l 




P. 


™s 


. 




CO w 

i— I p 




>* 


CO .— ^ iZ 
^1 .CM S 


03 _- 


**S 






^! 




CO 


> Ptv 


6° 


^oo~ 
S3 oo 


• 




> * 

GO 




inf., F, U. 
3; mus. out, 
P- 


itia ; pr 
t It., ei 

s. v., 

; mus 


> * 
\B 


nf.,E 
May 

8. 






if., u 
1898 
8. 


I. mil 
t., Is 
>., U. 
1898 
8. 


inf., U 
, 1898 
98. 


« -* Oi 






>- . 


Si 


Oi ,H 


ears R. 
t., 2d 1 
ass. ini 
May, 
ov., 189 


CO -i *"* 






00 03 r ~' 


«S 8 

CO "- 1 w 


co OS r- ' 








CO u_| 
03 2. 


> 

o 


03 - .- 

S) 5^00 
^ OS Oi 


CO IB— | ^ 

o3S • 

§^c5 


00 J2 






© 


z; 


WH CO 


^EgSfc 


j^^; 


+J 












o 




Oi 






Oi 




OS 


CM 


OS 


CO 


►»2 £ 

o3 *"" ' £? 




• -co 




O 


• 


T3 P^ 


T3 +j 
CO CJD 


P< ., p 
-73 1-9 




GO • 




o 

Oi 




co c3 
-gco 




,/ CO 




+a 








O OS 


■■* n 


m .-^ 




r-T C° 




^ 




Oi O 00 


CO ^ 














QO ^^ 1— 1 


Oi Pc 
00 *h 

" 8 


N. C, 

1893 

5th, : 




o3 Oi 
^!co 






• 


ay, 11 

5th, 
une, 




££.„ 




i— i - 




CM 




2 --^» 


^ P< 

CO .„ 
-Oi 


ans. 

: Jul 

1895 




rat 




13 
CM 




2d, 10 
ay, 189 
st It., 1! 


CM OO 


5H TP 




t;HCO 




.- 


. 


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O T3 53 




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co^a 




Oi 




£*- 


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GO to 


1-1 ( AT-* Si 

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Poo 




r 


1 


HH bo 


/co 

CO .„ 


14 July 
une, 189 
1; 4th, 


i—i 
1-3 


CM rP 

r-l O 
S-l 




CM 




10 May 
891 ; 4tl 
., corp., 


-co 


_.Tl""i rr\ 


■* 


r" 03 O 


pc7 • 




.-^- > 


pdOi 
CO 

to r 

CD ,Q 


h regt., E 
sgt., 27 
July, 18! 
1896, to 1 


CD 

xjco 


Oi 
CO 
1— I 

03 
8 


r— i ^j 

■ CO 

be r 

0> > 
Jh.Jh 

X3 Ph 


• 


h regt , G 

10 May, 
1893; pri 


4-a 


-t-a 








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CD 



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CD O 

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180 



ADJUTANT GENERALS REPORT. 



[Jan. 



<x> 

s 
a 
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a 
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O 



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} 

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s 



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1904.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



181 





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th, 1 July, 
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182 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan, 



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1904.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7 



183 



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184 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan 



ti 

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Aberdeen, Scot- 
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Marblehead. 


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Original Entry into the Service. Subsequent Service 
and Commissions. 


2d corps cadets, April, 1864 ; mus. in, 2 July, 1873 ; 
sgt., 4 June, 1875; dis., 2 July, 1876; 2d, 14 
July, 1876; 1st sgt., 15 March, 1877; dis., 14 
July, 1879; 3d, 25 July, 1879; sgt. maj., 1 June, 
1880; 2d It., 8 Feb., 1882. 

2d corps cadets, 16 Nov., 1888; 2d, 16 Nov., 1891; 
3d, 16 Nov., 1892; 4th, 16 Nov., 1893; 5th, 16 
Nov., 1894; priv.. corp., sgt., quar. mas. sgt.; 
2d It., E, 8th regt. inf., 26 Sept., 1895; 1st It., 
14 Feb., 1896; capt., 4 Dec, 1896; res., 11 Feb., 
1897. 

2d corps cadets, 24 Aug., 1888 ; 2d, 24 Aug., 1891 ; 
3d, 24 Aug., 1894; 4th, 24 Aug., 1895; 5th, 24 
Aug., 1896; priv., corp., sgt., 1st sgt ; 2d It., 16 
Sept., 1898 ; 1st It., 7 July, 1899. 

2d corps cadets, 11 July, 1887; 2d, 11 July, 1890; 
3d, 11 July, 1891 ; 4th, 11 July, 1892 ; 5th, 9 Aug., 
1897 ; 6th, 9 Aug., 1898 ; priv., corp., sgt. ; 2d It., 
7 July, 1899. 


CD O 

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< 


Paymaster 
(rank First Lieutenant). 
Edward A. Maloon, Beverly, 
April 28, 1883. 

Inspector of Rifle Practice 
(rank First Lieutenant). 
Robert Robertson, Beverly, 
April 22, 1899. 

Chaplain. 
Elvin G. Prescott, Salem, 
Sept. 17, 1897. 

Company A — Salem. 

Captain. 
Edward T. Graham, Salem, 
Nov. 6, 1903. 

First Lieutenant. 
Harry R. Peach, Marble- 
head, June 9, 1903. 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 193 



83 



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1904.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



199 



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PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7 



201 



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202 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



ROSTER. 



Commissioned Officers in Order of Lineal Rank, 



John L. Bates, Governor and Commander-in-Chief. 
Staff of Commander-in-Chief. 



NAME AND BANK. 



Date of 
Commission. 



Title. 



Dalton, Samuel, Brigadier General, . 
Blood, Robert A., Brigadier General, 
Wellington, Fred W., Brigadier General, 
Dewey, Henry S., Brigadier General, 
Brigham, William H., Brigadier General, 
White, James G., Colonel, 
Capelle, William C, Lieut. Colonel, . 
Benyon, George H., Lieut. Colonel, . 
Hagar, Walter C, Lieut. Colonel, . 
Gihon, Edward J., Lieut. Colonel, . 
Perrins, John, Jr., Lieut. Colonel, . 
Carpenter, Frederick B., Lieut. Colonel, 
Hawkins, Paul R., Lieut. Colonel, . 
Stevens, Frank B., Major, 
Hastings, Henry, Major, . 
Hayden, Charles, Major, . 
Hooper, Ainsley R., Major, 
Clarke, William M., Major, 



Jan. 


4, 1900, 


May 


28, 1896, 




25, 1900, 




25, 1900, 




24, 1901, 


June 


7, 1901, 


Jan. 


4, 1900, 


June 


7, 1901, 


Jan. 


8, 1903, 




4, 1900, 




8, 1903, 




8, 1903, 




7, 1902, 




8, 1903, 




8, 1903, 




8, 1903, 




8, 1903, 




8, 1903, 



Adjutant General. 
Surgeon General. 
Commissary General. 
Judge Advocate Gen. 
Inspector General. 
Insp. Gen. Rifle Prac. 
Asst. Adj. General. 
Asst. Insp. General. 
Asst. Insp. General. 
Asst. Insp. General. 
Asst. Insp. General. 
Asst. Insp. General. 
Asst. Insp. General. 
Asst. Q. M. General. 
Aide-de-Camp. 
Aide-de-Camp. 
Aide-de-Camp. 
Aide-de-Camp. 



Brigadiers General and Staff. 



No. 


NAME AND RANK. 


Date of 
Commission. 


Brigade. 


Staff. 


1 
2 

1 
2 
3 

4 

1 

2 


Brigadiers General. 
Mathews, Thomas R., . 
Whitney, Jophanus H., 

Staff Officers. 
Marion, Otis H , Lieut. Colonel, . 
Sanborn, Walter L., Lieut. Col., 
Bancroft, Hugh, Lieut. Colonel, . 
Foster, Charles C., Lieut. Colonel, 

Spring, Arthur L., Major, . 
Emery, William B., Major, 


July 19,1897, 
Feb. 23, 1901, 

Aug. 12, 1897, 
Jan. 8, 1903, 
Apr. 17, 1903, 
June 3, 1903, 

May 7, 1900, 
Jan. 8, 1903, 


1st. 
2d. 

1st, 

1st, 
2d, 

1st, 
1st, 


Med. Director. 
Asst. Adj. Gen. 
Asst. Adj. Gen. 
Med. Director. 

Asst.Insp. Gen. 

Asst. Insp. Gen. 

Rifle Practice. 



1904.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



203 





Brigadiers General and Staff — Concluded. 


No. 


NAME AND RANK. 


Date of 
Commission* 


Brigade. 


Staff. 


3 

4 

1 
2 
3 
4 
5 
6 
7 
8 
9 
10 
11 

1 
2 


Staff Officers — Concluded. 
Story, Oliver H., Major, 

"Warren, Albert C, Major, . 

Glines, Edward, Captain, . 
Kenny, Charles, Captain, . 
Hall, Bordman, Captain, 
Sherman, Roland H., Captain, . 
Webber, William 0., Captain, . 
Woods, Walter H., Captain, 
Ulman, William T., Captain, 
Cobb, Morton E., Captain, . 
Youngman, William S., Captain, 
Wyman, Albert C, Captain, 
Gow, Charles R., Captain, . 

Stevens, Walter C, 
Harrison, Christopher, 


Apr. 18, 1903, 

Dec. 12, 1903, 

Aug. 12, 1897, 

18, 1897, 

Oct. 8, 1900, 

Aug. 31, 1897, 

31, 1901, 

Jan. 8, 1903, 

8, 1903, 

8, 1903, 

Apr. 17, 1903, 

17, 1903, 

18, 1903, 

Feb. 10, 1902, 
Sept. 8, 1902, 


2d, 

1st, 
1st, 
1st, 
2d, 
1st, 
1st, 
1st, 
2d, 
2d, 
2d, 
2d, 

2d, 
1st, 


Asst. Insp. Gen. 

Rifle Practice. 

Asst. Insp. Gen. 

Aide-de-Camp. 

Aide-de-Camp. 

JudgeAdvocate. 

JudgeAdvocate. 

Engineer. 

Brigade Q. M. 

Prov. Marshal. 

Prov. Marshal. 

Aide-de-Camp. 

Brigade Q. M. 

Engineer. 

Signal Officer. 
Signal Officer. 



Ambulance Corps. 



No. 


NAME AND RANK. 


Date of Commission. 


1 

2 
3 


Bell, Robt. E., Captain, 

Hartung, Harold H., 1st Lieutenant, .... 
Keene, Charles H., 2d Lieutenant, . . , . 


Dec. 9, 1901. 
Dec. 8, 1903. 
May 3, 1902. 



Field and Staff Officers of Infantry. 



NAME AND RANK. 



Date of 
Commission. 



Regiment. 



Colonels. 
Clark, Embury P., . 
Pew, William A., Jr., 
Donovan, William H., 
Darling, Charles K., 
Oakes, William H., 



Lieutenant Colonels 
Logan, Lawrence J., 
Shumway, Edwin R., 
Bailey, Edwin W. M., 
Priest, George H., . 
Clement, Murray D., 



Majors. 
Southmayd, Frederick G 
Fairbanks, Henry B., 
Stopford, William, . 
Graves, Frank A., . 
Murray, George F. H., 



Feb. 2, 1889, 
June 28, 1895, 
Mar. 30, 1899, 
May 22, 1899, 
April 13, 1901, 



Nov. 6, 1889, 
3, 1893, 
Oct. 2, 1896, 
May 22, 1899, 
April 13, 1901, 



Feb. 2, 1889, 
July 30, 1895, 
Oct. 2, 1896, 
2, 1896, 
Mar. 30, 1899, 



2d Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 



9th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 



2d Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 



204 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan 



Field and Staf Officers of Infantry — Continued. 



No. 



NAME AND BANK. 



Date of 
Commission. 



Regiment. 



6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

11 

12 

13 

14 

15 



1 
2 
3 
4 
5 
6 
7 
8 
9 

10 
11 
12 
13 
14 



Majors — Concluded 
Sullivan, John J., . 
Kelley, Joseph J., . 
Cook, Cyrus H., 
Eldredge, Edward H , 
Pierce, Frederick E., 
Sweetser, Warren E., 
Marshall, Isaac N., . 
Stover, Willis W., . 
Butler, Willard C, . 
Meredith, Francis, Jr., 

Adjutants — Captains 
Sawtelle, Edward E., 
Casey, William J., . 
Kincade, Henry L., . 
Lindsay, Walter M., 
Sleeper, Stephen W., 



Battalion Adjutants — First Lieutenants 

Flanagan, Benjamin J , . 

Mclsaac, Charles M., 

Taylor, Franklin G., 

Decker, William N., 

Parkhurst, Harry H., 

Norton, Paul J., 

Foley, Joseph J., 

Warren, Henry Dexter, . 

Cochrane, Alexander L., 

McNeilly, John S., . 

Healey, Martin J., . 

Graham, Alexander P., . 

Walker, Frederick A., . 

Nichols, Delevan R., 



Quartermasters — Capti 
Wyer, Arthur C, 
Sweetser, Stanwood G., 
Parsons, William E., 
Murphy, Daniel J., . 
Wonson, Charles F., 



Comtnissaries of Subsistence — First 
Lieutenants. 
Chase, A. Preston, . 
Hunter, Lewis G., . 
Hitchcock, Charles B., . 
Knapp, Charles W., 
McGrath, Patrick H., 



Surgeons — Majors. 
Gates, Ernest A., 
Dow, George F., 
Lombard, John P., . 
Jenkins, Thomas L., 
Galloupe, Charles W., 



Assistant Surgeons 
Williams, Abram C, 
McGourty, James E., 
Logan, Frank P. T., 
Magurn, Francis, 
Gross, Herman W., . 



Captains 



Mar. 

May 
Oct. 
Feb. 
April 



June 
Dec. 



30, 1899 

30, 1899 
22, 1899 

31, 1899 
13, 1900 
30, 1900 
30, 1900 
13, 1901 

5, 1901 
11, 1902 



Feb. 15, 1899 

April 3, 1900 

29, 1901 

Dec. 10, 1901 

5, 1902 



Feb. 
Nov. 
April 



May 
April 
Mar. 
May 

Feb. 

April 



11, 1890 

29, 1897 

30, 1900 
30, 1900 
30, 1900 
30, 1900 

15, 1900 
29, 1901 
24, 1902 

2, 1902 

26, 1902 

27, 1903 
14, 1903 

16, 1903 



Nov. 27, 1899 
April 3, 1900 
May 18, 1900 
15, 1903 
June 4, 1903 



April 17, 1900, 
Mav 1, 1900, 
April 30, 1900, 
May 7, 1901, 
15, 1903, 



Feb. 15, 1899, 

June 1, 1899, 

Julv 20, 1899, 

Sep"t. 21, 1899, 

May 14, 1901, 



April 



May 
Oct. 



3, 1900, 

3, 1900, 

3, 1900, 

20, 1901, 

18, 1901, 



9th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 



2d Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 



9th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
5th Regiment 
2d Regiment. 



5th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 



8th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 



2d Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 



2d Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 



1904.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



205 



Field and Staff Officers of Infantry — Concluded. 



No. 



NAME AND RANK. 



Date of 
Commission. 



Regiment. 



st Lieutenants. 



Assistant Surgeons — Fir 
Cronin, Jeremiah A., 
Butler, Charles S., . 
Shaw, Thomas B., . 
Dearing, Henry L., . 
Hart, Joseph S., 



Paymasters — Captains. 
Edson, Archibald C. 
Barr, James C, 
Kane, John P., 
Dukelow, Charles T 
Bolton, Fred E., 



Inspectors of Rifle Practice — First 
Lieutenants. 
Golden, John T., . 
McMillan, Archibald, 
Warriner, William S., 
McGeekin, Robert, . 
Caswell, John, . 



Chaplains 
Lee, James, 
Perry, James De Wolfe, Jr., 
Phalen, Frank L., . 
Gates, Milo Hudson, 
Carden, Joseph, 



May 15, 1900, 

July 12, 1900, 

Sept. 28, 1900, 

Mar. 14, 1901, 

Oct. 18, 1901, 



April 3, 1900, 
3, 1900, 
3, 1900, 

May 17, 1901, 
6, 1902, 



Aug. 1, 1900, 

Nov. 7, 1901, 

May 20, 1902, 

Jan. 8, 1903, 

July 11, 1903, 



July 1, 1884, 
June 24, 1899, 
Aug. 2, 1899, 
June 11,1900, 
8, 1903, 



9th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 



2d Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 



9th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 



9th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 



Line Officers of Infantry. 







Date of 






No. 


NAME AND RANK. 


Commission. 


Co. 


Regiment. 




Captains. 










1 


Hayes, John J., . 


Feb. 


11, 1890, 


H, 


9th Regiment. 


2 


Quinlan, Thomas F., 






July 


6, 1893, 


c, 


9th Regiment. 


3 


Barrett, Edwin G., 






April 


5, 1894, 


A, 


2d Regiment. 


4 


Moynihan, Jeremiah, 






Aug. 


27, 1894, 


G, 


9th Regiment. 


5 


Rider, Phineas L., 








13, 1895, 


c, 


2d Regiment. 


6 


Dunn, John H., . 






May 


11, 1896, 


D, 


9th Regiment. 


7 


Springer, Ernest R., 






Oct. 


26, 1896, 


c, 


5th Regiment. 


8 


Barrett, John F., . 






Jan. 


19, 1897, 


M, 


6th Regiment. 


9 


Hilliker, Charles T., 






Mar. 


15, 1897, 


D, 


8th Regiment. 


10 


Clare, James P., . 






April 


20, 1897, 


M, 


5th Regiment. 


11 


Cutting, Frank F., 






Sept. 


8, 1897, 


L, 


5th Regiment. 


12 


Clark, James CD., 






Dec. 


15, 1897, 


E, 


5th Regiment. 


13 


Gray, Edwin R., . 






April 


6, 1899, 


E, 


2d Regiment. 


14 


Packard, P. Frank, 






June 


2, 1899, 


I, 


8th Regiment. 


15 


Barry, John J., 








13, 1899, 


E, 


9th Regiment. 


16 


Hamilton, Clifford E., 






July 


18, 1899, 


F, 


5th Regiment. 


17 


Phillips, Frank D., 








18, 1899, 


D, 


2d Regiment. 


18 


Walsh, James F., 








21, 1899, 


B, 


9th Regiment. 


19 


Wyer, Arthur C, . 






Nov. 


27, 1899, 


G, 


5th Regiment. 


20 


Cully, James A., . 






Dec. 


18, 1899, 


I, 


9th Regiment. 


21 


Kenealy, John F., 






Jan. 


15, 1900, 


L, 


9th Regiment. 


22 


Goff, William H., Jr., 








15, 1900, 


I, 


5th Regiment. 


23 


Sweetser, Elbridge L., Jr., 




Mar. 


20, 1900, 


B, 


8th Regiment. 



206 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan, 



Line Officers of Infantry — Continued. 



NAME AND RANK. 



Date of 
Commission. 



Co. 



Regiment. 



Captains — Concluded 
Hayes, William C, 
Damon, Herbert W., 
Young, Harry C, 
Canfield, George I., 
Cutler, Charles H., 
Cutter, Frank E... 
Jewett, George N., 
Sands, Patrick A., 
Whelan, Andrew J., 
Smith, James C, . 
Fairweather, William, 
Kittredge, Colby T., 
Jenks, Fred. A., . 
Rogers, George M., 
Larrive, Eugene, . 
Smith, Mark E., . 
McCarthy, Thomas, 
Hathaway, Harry L , 
Nicholson, John, . 
Lewis, Arthur E., 
Campbell, James A., 
Bell, Robert Eddy, 
Clare, James P., . 
Griswold, Lyman W., 
Braxton, George W., 
McGrath, John R., 
McMahon, John H., 
McNulty, Philip, . 
French, Chester W., 
Desmond, William D.. 
Hasrerty, John W., 
Whittier, David F., 
Burnham, Charles B., 
Bouve, Walter L., 
Facey, Charles W., 
Gilson, Valentine E., 
Flaherty, John J., 
McRell, Robert, . 
Bradford, William A., 
O'Connell, John J., 

First Lieutenants. 
Tisdell, Moses H., 
Mann, James H., . 
Moulton, Horatio D., 
Hines, Mathew E , 
Gillow, Joseph S., 
Cobey, Thomas J., 
Kimball, Charles H., 
Leyden, Edward J., 
Sullivan, Daniel P., 
Guilford, George F., 
Foote, Alfred F.. . 
Clark, Frederick M., Jr., 
Delaney, John F., 
Hickey, John J., . 
Whitney, Orville J., 
McGee, James H., 
Northrup, Fred W., 
Ordway, Lewis E., 
Hillman, Charles H., 



Mar. 27 

May 7 

16 

28 

June 26 

Aug. 7 

27 

Sept. 7 

Nov. 5 



Jan. 



26 
1 
9 

23 

April 16 

May 2 

6 

13 

20 
June 6 

10 
Aug. 5 
Dec. 9 

16 
Jan. 31 
Feb. 7 

17 

24 
Aug. 7 
Oct. 6 
Dec. 29 

30 
Jan. 20 

21 

26 
Mar. 30 
April 6 
July 23 
Aug. 31 
Sept. 14 
Oct. 5 



July 18 

Feb. 8 

Mar. 18 

Aug. 27 

Feb. 12 

Mar. 15 

Oct. 19 

Jan. 31 

June 13 
19 
July 



Aug. 
Oct. 
Nov. 
Jan. 

Feb. 
Mar. 



18 
21 
9 
3 

20, 
15 
15 
13 
20 



1900, 


G, 


1900, 


E, 


1900, 


A, 


1900, 


M, 


1900, 


c, 


1900, 


F, 


1900, 


H, 


1900, 


F, 


1900, 


D, 


1900, 


B, 


1901, 


G, 


1901, 


c, 


1901, 


K, 


1901, 


A, 


1901, 


L, 


1901, 


A, 


1901, 


G, 


1901, 


K, 


1901, 


F, 


1901, 


D, 


1901, 


M, 


1901, 




1901, 


M, 


1902, 


L, 


1902, 


L, 


1902, 


K, 


1902, 


A, 


1902, 


M, 


1902, 


I, 


1902, 


H, 


1902, 


I, 


1903, 


F, 


1903, 


E, 


1903, 


K, 


1903, 


B, 


1903, 


H, 


1903, 


G, 


1903, 


K, 


1903, 


K, 


1903, 


B, 


1888, 


A, 


1892, 


L, 


1892, 


B, 


1894, 


G, 


1895, 


M, 


1897, 


D, 


1897, 


M, 


1899, 


G, 


1899, 


E, 


1899, 


c, 


1899, 


D, 


1899, 


c, 


1899, 


I, 


1899, 


B, 


1899, 


E, 


1900, 


L, 


1900, 


I, 


1900, 


M, 


1900, 


B, 



2d Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
Amb. Corps. 
5th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 



2d Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 



1904.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



207 



Line Officers of Infantry — Continued. 



No. 



NAME AND RANK. 



Date of 
Commission. 



Co. 



Regiment. 



First Lieutenants — Concluded. 

20 Sullivan, George W., 

21 Smith, Clarence E., 

22 Sullivan, Patrick H., 

23 Holt, Elden L., . 

24 Donovan, Frank L., 

25 Gilson, Frank V., 

26 Howard, George S., 

27 Pearson, Gardner W.. 

28 Turner, David A , 

29 Connors, James E., 

30 Bray, Roland W., 

31 Marion, Francis H., 

32 Willard, Robert K., 

33 Nauman, Charles E., 

34 Stearns, Harry N., 

35 Cliffe, Sydney H., 

36 Bowlen, Maurice E., 

37 Brigham, Ralph H., 

38 Moore, Harry C , . 

39 Dolan, William H., 

40 Gould, William B., 

41 Leslie, William J., 

42 Weymouth, Fred S., 

43 Dwyer, John J., . 

44 Brockbank, Harvey G., 

45 Wiley, Joseph E., 

46 Adams, Hugh E., 

47 Bickman, Albert G , 

48 Stewart, Duncan M., 

49 Sohier, Walter, . 

50 Campbell, Harry B., 

51 Pratt, Edward B , 

52 Wilson, Andrew T., 

53 McNamara, Patrick J. 

54 Williams, John F., 

55 Jones, William C, 

56 Logan, Edward L., 

57 White, Ernest C, . 

58 Dier, Julius Frederick, 

59 Scanlon, Edward J.. 

60 Greenwood, Edwin E. 

61 Wilcox, Everett W., 



Second Lieutenants. 

1 Boles, Michael s., 

2 Lucke, Frederick H., 

3 Hurley, John F., . 

4 Moore, Frank E., . 

5 Perkins, Clarence A., 

6 Cutler, George S., 

7 Murphy, Cornelius J., 
Clark, Frederick M., Jr. 

9 Thayer, Henrv A., 

10 Gray, Henry T., . 

11 Ley den, Edward J, 

12 Butment, William, 

13 Johnson, Waldo A., 

14 Guthrie. James A., 

15 Reed. Alfred F., . 

16 Smyth, Joseph H , 

17 Warren. Herbert H., 



May 


7 


1900, 




16 


1900, 


June 


19 


1900, 


Aug. 


7 


1900, 


Oct. 


30 


1900, 


Nov. 


26 


1900, 


Jan. 


1 


1901, 




9 


1901, 




23 


1901, 


May 


2 


1901, 




6 


1901, 




13 


1901, 


June 


6 


1901, 




10 


1901, 




19 


1901, 


Aug. 


5 


1901, 


Sept. 


30 


, 1901, 


Dec. 


2 


, 1901, 




16 


1901, 


Jan. 


28, 


1902, 


Feb. 


7 


1902, 




17 


1902, 


Mar. 


6 


1902, 




24 


1902, 


May 


19 


1902, 


June 


9 


1902, 


Sept. 


20 


1902, 


Oct. 


6 


1902, 


Dec. 


29 


1902, 




30 


1902, 


Jan. 


20 


1903, 




26 


1903, 


Feb. 


5 


1903, 


Mar. 


30 


, 1903, 




31 


1903, 


April 


29 


1903, 




28 


1903, 


May 


4 


1903, 


June 


1 


1903, 


Aug. 


31 


, 1903, 


Sept. 


14 


1903, 


Oct. 


5 


1903, 



Feb. 13 

April 5 
Aug. 27 
May 4 
Sept 
Oct. 
Nov 



Jan. 



Feb. 

Jan. 

April 6 

July 21 
18 
20 
21 



1891, 
1894, 
1894, 
1897, 
1897, 
1897, 
1897, 
1897, 
1898, 
1898, 
1898, 
1899, 
1899, 
1899, 
1899, 
1899, 
1899, 



E, 

H, 

H, 

F, 

F, 

B, 

G, 

C, 

K, 

L, 

A, 

G, 

F, 

D, 

C, 

M, 

C, 

K, 

M, 

D, 

L, 

K, 

E, 

D, 

A, 

M, 

L, 

I, 

H, 

I, 

F, 

K, 

A, 

B, 

F, 

I, 

A, 

H, 

G, 

K, 

K, 

B, 



F, 
A, 
G, 
F, 
L, 
G, 
E, 
C, 
H, 
H, 
G, 
G, 
E, 
B, 
D, 
D, 
C, 



6th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 



9th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 



208 



ADJUTANT GENEEAL'S KEPOET. 



[Jan, 



Line Officers of Infantry — Concluded. 



NAME AND EANK. 



Date of 
Commission. 



Co. 



Kegiment. 



Second Lieutenants — Concluded 

McGee, James H., 

Sullivan, George W., 

Hall, Arthur S., 

Cook, Lawrence W., 

Groves, Charles H., 

Kyle, George A., . 

Mclnnes, John F., 

Kendall, Frederic M. 

Jordan, Frederick B.. 

Williams, John F., 

Howe, Ernest A., . 

Durrell, Pearl T., 

Kelsey, John H., . 

Jones, William C, 

Cann, William W , 

Boles, Michael S., 

White, Ernest C, 

Armita£fe, George A., 

Wilson, William H., 

Sabiu, Winfred A., 

Henry, Wellington K., 

Sampson, Henry L., 

Lounsbury, Francis J., 

O'Brien, William, 

King, Michael L., 

Akeley, Charles E., 

Collagan, William J., 

Sedgeley, Alton R., 

Doane, Harry L., . 

Sullivan, Thomas F., 

Pryor, J. Holman, 

Green, Charles E., 

Hannaford, Louis L., 

Kelley, Herbert N., 

Riley, Charles S., . 

Byron, James W., 

Pond, William G., 

Curtiss, Elmer L., 

Holdsworth, Thomas W 

McBride, Edward J., 

McDowell, Jeremiah J 

Jones, George T., . 

Brown, Sidney E., 

Nichols, George M. G. 

Frost, Frederick C, 

Odermatt, Francis J., 

Ireland, Thomas A., 

Warren, Ruy W., . 

Perry, William H., 

McArdle, Bernard F., 

Hanson, George E., 

Mosses, Henry F., 

Kennedy, James, . 

Draper, Robert D., 



July 


24 


1899, 




31 


1899, 


Nov. 


20 


1899, 


Jan. 


15 


, 1900, 


Feb. 


27 


1900, 


Mar. 


20 


1900, 


April 30 


1900, 


May 


7 


1900, 




16 


1900, 


July 


19. 


1900, 


Oct. 


30, 


1900, 


Jan. 


L 


1901, 




9 


1901, 




23 


1901, 




28 


1901, 


Feb. 


13 


1901, 


Mar. 


11 


1901, 


May 


2 


1901, 




6 


1901, 




29 


1901, 


June 


6 


1901, 




10 


1901, 




19 


1901, 


Aug. 


5 


1901, 


Sept. 


30 


1901, 


Dec. 


20 


1901, 


Feb. 


17 


1902, 




24 


1902, 


Mar. 


6, 


1902, 




24 


1902, 


April 


25 


1902, 


May 


26 


1902, 


June 


9 


1902, 


Aug. 


22 


1902, 


Dec. 


29 


1902, 




30, 


1902, 


Jan. 


6 


1903, 




26 


1903, 


Feb. 


4 


1903, 




5, 


1903, 


Mar. 


9 


1903, 




30 


1903, 




31, 


1903, 


April 


15 


1903, 




28 


1903, 


May 


5i 


1903, 




11 


1903, 




15 


1903, 




18 


1903, 


June 


11 


1903, 




24, 


1903, 


Aug. 


21 


1903, 




31, 


1903, 


Oct. 


5> 


1903, 



L, 

E, 

E, 

I, 

M, 

B, 

I, 

E, 

H, 

F, 

I, 

G, 

C, 

I, 

D, 

F, 

H, 

L, 

A, 

K, 

F, 

D, 

C, 

M, 

C, 

B, 

K, 

A, 

E, 

B, 

L, 

L, 

M, 

L, 

I, 

I, 

M, 

K, 

E, 

A, 

D, 

B, 

F, 

E, 

A, 

H, 

H, 

K, 

H, 

M, 

I, 

C, 

K, 

B, 



9th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
2d B.egiment. 
6th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 



1904.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



209 



Field, Staff and Line Officers, First Regiment Heavy Artillery. 



NAME AND KANK. 



Date of 
Commission. 



Co. 



Frye, James A., 



Colonel. 



Lieutenant Colonel. 
"Woodman, Charles B., 

Majors. 
Dyar, Perlie A., . 
Quimby, George F., 
Nutter, Charles P., 



Adjutant — Captain. 
"VVolcott, Roger, . 



Battalion Adjutants — First Lieutenants. 

Totten, James E., 

Foster, Willard M., 
Bunting, James E., . . 

Quartermaster — Captain. 
Holmes, Christopher W., ... 



Surgeon — Major. 
Dearing, Howard S 

Assistant Surgeon — Captain. 
Rolfe, William A., ' . 



Assistant Surgeon — First Lieutenant. 
Stedman, Joseph C, 

Paymaster — Captain. 
Parker, Horace B., 



Inspector Rifle Practice — First Lieutenant. 
Portal, John M., 

Commissary of Subsistence — First Lieu- 
tenant. 
Cushing, J. Stearns, 



Signal Officer — First Lieutenant. 
Curtin, John A., 

Aide-de- Camp — First Lieutenant. 
Hale, Robert S., 

Range Officer — First Lieutenant. 
Paine, John B., 



Captains. 
Frothingham, Joseph H., 
Danforth, Norris 0., 
Chick, Albert B,, . 
Whiting, Fred. M., 
Lombard, Walter E., . 
Pratt, Walter L., . 
Howes, Frederick S., . 
Gibbs, Joseph L., . 
Fuller, David, 
Horton, George E., 
Nostrom, Charles F., . 
Smyth, James H., . 



Nov. 14, 1898. 
April 1, 1898. 



May 18, 1893. 

July 28, 1897. 

14, 1899. 



April 5, 1901. 



June 20, 1900. 

25, 1900. 

Feb. 1, 1903. 



June 14. 1901. 
Aug. 14, 1897. 
April 3, 1900. 
Aug. 1, 1900. 
April 3, 1900. 
June 1, 1899. 

June 28, 1901. 

Oct. 18, 1899. 

Feb. 22, 1903. 

June 20, 1894. 



May 

Sept. 

Feb. 

April 

Jan. 

Dec. 

Oct. 

Jan. 

Feb. 

Aug. 

Oct. 

Nov. 



27, 1887, 

16, 1889, 

4, 1891, 

15, 1891, 

23, 1893, 

16, 1895, 
25, 1897, 

24, 1898, 
14, 1899, 
18, 1899, 
16, 1899, 
12, 1902, 



D. 

F. 

G. 

L. 

B. 

H. 

K. 

E. 

M. 

I. 

C. 

A. 



210 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



Field, Staff and Line Officers, etc. — Concluded. 



NAME AND RANK. 



Date of 
Commission. 



Co. 



First Lieutenants. 
Renfrew, William, 
Cormack, Norman P., 
Gleason, Albert A., 
Harrison, Frederick "W. 
DeWolf, John C, . 
Harris, Clifford L., 
Sampson, Samuel B., 
Underwood, Marshall, 
Wiley, John P., .' 
Wood worth, John D. R. 
Dickerman, Olin D., 
Crowell, Alonzo K., 

Second Lieutenants. 
Meek, William J , 
Hall, Arthur E., . 
Grant, Bertie E., . 
Spenceley, Frederick, 
French, Alton L., . 
Gerlack, Conrad M., 
Snell, Ernest L., . 
Hill, William B., . 
Shedd, Benjamin B., 
Edson, Charles H., 
Kane, Harry J., . 
Dean, Frank 0., . 



Dec. 
Jan. 
June 
Feb. 

June 
Mar. 
April 

May 
Nov. 
June 



Feb. 

April 

Dec. 

April 

June 

Oct. 

Mar. 

April 

July 

Aug. 

Nov. 

June 



16, 1895, 


H. 


17, 1898, 


D. 


12, 1899, 


K. 


14, 1899, 


M. 


18, 1901, 


E. 


19, 1901, 


L. 


17, 1902, 


I. 


7, 1902, 


B. 


30, 1902, 


G. 


5, 1902, 


C. 


12, 1902, 


A. 


29, 1903. 




20, 1893, 


M. 


15, 1895, 


C. 


16, 1895, 


H. 


16, 1900, 


D. 


19, 1901, 


L. 


28, 1901, 


K. 


3, 1902, 


E. 


30, 1902, 


G. 


21, 1902, 


B. 


11, 1902, 


1. 


12, 1902, 


A. 


29, 1903. 





Field, Staff and Line Officers of Cavalry. 



NAME AND EANK. 



Date of 
Commission. 



Co. 



Major. 
Perrins, William A., .... 

Adjutant, rank First Lieutenant. 
Hall, John W., 

Quartermaster, rank First Lieutenant. 
Kerrison, John C, 



Surgeon, rank Major. 
Mills, George Westgate, .... 

Assistant Surgeon, rank First Lieutenant. 
Scoboria, Arthur G 

Veterinary Surgeon, rank First Lieutenant. 
May, Arthur W., 

Paymaster, rank First Lieutenant. 
Blinn, Alfred M., 

Inspector Rifle Practice, rank First Lieut. 
Walton, Albert J., 



Chaplain. 
(Vacancy.) 



Dec. 21, 1897, 
Mar. 10, 1903, 
May 19, 1899, 
Aug. 13, 1894, 
May 31, 1900, 
Nov. 6, 1901, 
Mar. 10, 1903, 
May 17, 1902, 



F, 



1st Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 
Unattached. 
1st Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 



1904.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



211 



Field, Staff and Line Officers, etc. — Concluded. 



NAME AND RANK. 



Date of 

Commission. 



Co. 



Captains. 
Monahan, John J., 
Kelley, Wm. H., . 
Hitchcock, Frank T., . 

First Lieutenants. 
Keyes, Edward H., 
Coburn, Eugene A., 
Havlin, Fred. G., . . . 

Second Lieutenants. 
Sinclair, Samuel T., 
Houseman, William E., 
Fisher, Edward, . 



April 3, 1900, 
Jan. 28, 1903, 
April 21, 1903, 



April 3, 1900, 
Jan. 28, 1903, 
April 21, 1903, 



Jan. 28, 1903, 
April 21, 1903, 
Sept. 2, 1903, 



F, 
A, 



F, 
A, 



A, 

F, 



Unattached. 
1st Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 



Unattached. 
1st Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 



1st Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 
Unattached. 



Field, Staff and Line Officers of Light Artillery. 



NAME AND RANK. 



Date of 
Commission. 



Co. 



Major. 
Duchesney, Lawrence N., 



Adjutant, rank First Lieutenant. 
Lewis H. Bradford, .... 

Quartermaster, rank First Lieutenant. 
Hennessey, William H., 

Surgeon, rank Major. 
Harvey, John F., 



Assistant Surgeon, rank First Lieutenant. 
Cummin, John White, 

Veterinary Surgeon, rank First Lieutenant. 
Osgood, Frederic H., 

Paymaster, rank First Lieutenant. 
Clapp, Henry B 



Captains. 
Parker, Samuel D., 
Haynes, Herbert W., . 
Sargent, Charles F., 

First Lieutenants. 
Gould, William T., 
Blake, Henry S., . 
Amory, William, 2d, 
Powell, John S., . 
Sayles, William E., 
McGregor, Alexander S., 

Second Lieutenants. 
Dole, Charles S., . 
Wheeler, Edward W., . 
Marshall, Urban W., . 



May 19, 1893, 

Dec. 14, 1897, 

May 24, 1893, 

May 26, 1893, 

Jan. 2, 1901, 
April 5, 1893, 

May 24, 1893, 



July 18, 1898, 
Feb. 17, 1899, 
Oct. 29, 1900, 



Mar. 24, 1894, 
July 18, 1898, 

18, 1898, 
Oct. 29, 1900, 
Mar. 18, 1903, 

23, 1900, 



July 18, 1898, 

Mar. 18, 1903. 

23, 1903; 



A, 



A, 
B, 
C, 



B, 
A, 
A, 
C, 
B, 
C, 



A, 
B, 
C, 



1st Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 
Unattached. 
1st Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 



Unattached. 
1st Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 



1st Battalion. 
Unattached. 
Unattached. 
1st Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 



Unattached. 
1st Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 



212 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Field, Staff and Line Officers of Cadets Corps. 



Date of 






NAME AND RANK. „ 


Co. 




Commission. 






Lieutenant Colonels. 








Edmands, Thomas F., 


Oct. 14, 1873, 


_ 


1st Corps. 


Fitz, Andrew, 


June 29, 1903, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Majors. 








Talbot, Thomas, 


Jan. 17, 1902, 


- 


1st Corps. 


Spencer, John E., . . 


June 29, 1903, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Adjutants — First Lieutenants. 








Stearns, William B., 


Nov. 21, 1900, 


- 


1st Corps. 


Jenkins, Lawrence W., .... 


Mar. 10, 1902, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Quartermasters — First Lieutenants. 








Rowan, Alfred J., 


Feb. 15, 1901, 


- 


1st Corps. 


Vaughn, Charles P., 


Sept. 8, 1903, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Surgeons — Majors. 








Green, Charles M., 


April 26, 1899, 


- 


1st Corps. 


Voss, J. William, 


June 5, 1899, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Assistant Surgeons — First Lieutenants. 








Cheever, David, 


June 26, 1901, 


- 


1st Corps. 


Sturgis, Benj. F., Jr., 


Aug. 7, 1901, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Paymasters — First Lieutenants. 










April 28, 1883, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Phinney, Frank F., 


Jan. 21, 1903, 


- 


1st Corps. 


Inspectors Rifle Practice — First Lieutenants. 








Hayes, William A., 2d, .... 


June 16, 1880, 


- 


1st Corps. 


Robertson, Robert, 


April 22, 1889, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Chaplain. 








Prescott, Elvin J., 


Sept. 17, 1897, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Captains. 








Joy, Franklin L., 


Mar. 14, 1899, 


- 


1st Corps. 


Rollins, Charles H., 








24, 1899, 


- 


1st Corps. 


Ropes, Charles F., 








Dec. 14, 1900, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Cabot, F. Elliot, . 








Jan. 8, 1901, 


- 


1st Corps. 


Blanchard, John A., 








Feb. 11, 1902, 


- 


1st Corps. 


Vaughn, Ira, 








June 29, 1903, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Graham, Edward T., . 








Nov. 6, 1903, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Perkins, Frank S , 








Dec. 22, 1903, 


- 


2d Corps. 


First Lieutenants. 








Simmons, William S. 


Mar. 24, 1899, 


- 


1st Corps. 


Clark, James N., . 








Dec. 14, 1900. 


- 


2d Corps. 


Cole, Charles H., Jr., . 








Jan. 8, 1901, 


- 


1st Corps. 


Stevens, Jesse F , . 








15, 1901, 


- 


1st Corps. 


Loud, Charles E., . 








Feb. 11, 1902, 


- 


1st Corps. 


Peach, Harry R., . 








June 9, 1903, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Perkins, Harry S., 








Nov. 6, 1903, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Second Lieutenants. 








Burbeck, John G., 


Dec. 14, 1900, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Lavalle, John, 






. 


Feb. 12, 1901, 


- 


1st Corps. 


Perkins, Holton B., 






. 


11, 1902, 


- 


1st Corps. 


Hoyt, Edward H., 






. | Mar. 10, 1903, 


- 


1st Corps. 


Williams, Boylston L., 






. 


Mav 12, 1903, 


- 


1st Corps. 


Redmond, Eugene T., . 






. 


June 9, 1903, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Verry, Nathaniel T., 






. 


June 9, 1903, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Mann, William A., 






• 


Nov. 6, 1903, 




2d Corps. 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



213 



Field and Staff Officers of Naval Brigade. 



NAME AND RANK. 



Date of 
Commission. 



Co. 



Captain. 
Buffinton, George R. H., 



Lieutenant Commanders. 
Edgar, William B., 
Dillaway, James H., Jr., 



Brigade Adjutant, rank Lieutenant. 
Hathaway, Guilford C., 



Ordnance Officer, rank Lieutenant. 
Parker, James P., .... 



Equipment Officer, rank Lieutenant. 
Talbot, Herbert C, 



Paymaster, rank Lieutenant. 
Marshall, James, .... 



Assistant Paymaster, rank Lieutenant. 
Prouty, Thomas S., 



Surgeon, rank Lieutenant Commander. 
Merritt, S. Virgil, . 



Engineer, rank Lieutenant. 
Armstrong, Thomas R., 



Signal Officer, rank Lieutenant {Junior 
Grade) . 
Borden, Raymond D., . 



Nov. 5, 1900, 



Assistant Surgeons, rank Lieutenants {Junior 

Grade) . 
Eldredge, David G., . . . . 
Sughrue, Dennis F., .... 
Blair, Orland R., ■ 



July 


30, 1900, 
2, 1901, 


- 


Mar. 


23, 1903, 


- 


May 


28, 1903, 


- 


May 


4, 1901, 


- 


May 


20, 1901, 


- 


Aug. 


30, 1900, 


- 


July 


8, 1901, 


- 


July 


22, 1901, 


- 


May 


7, 1902, 

• 


- 


June 
Jan. 
July 


12, 1900, 

8, 1901, 

16, 1901, 


- 



Brigade. 



Brigade. 
Brigade. 



Brigade. 
Brigade. 
Brigade. 
Brigade. 
Brigade. 
Brigade. 
Brigade. 

Brigade. 



Brigade. 
Brigade. 
Brigade. 



214 



ADJUTANT GENERALS REPORT. 



[Jan, 



Line Officers of Naval Brigade. 



NAME AND RANK. 



Date of 
Commission. 



Co. 



Lieutenants, Chief of Division 
Dexter, Jeuness K., 
Parker, Charles H., 
Sughrue, Daniel H., 
Borden, Richard P., 
Goodridge, Daniel M 
Turnbull, Fred H., 
Baudoin, Edmund E 

Lieutenants {Junior Grade). 
Felton, Louis E., . 
Olding, William M., 
Deane, Milton L, . 
Peirce, Bradford H., 
Bouve, Harold S., 
Pray, Dudley M., 
Axtel, Charles S., . 



Ensigns. 
Wilcox, Miner W., 
Lewis, William A., 
Nelson, John T., . 
Hodgdon, Benjamin A., 
Soule, Rufus A., Jr., . 
Ropes, James M., . 
Pial, Ernest R., 
Fisher, George C, 



Mar. 6, 1893, 

Aug. 8, 1899, 

Sept. 26, 1899, 

Nov. 15, 1899, 

July 22, 1901, 

Oct. 23, 1902, 

Jan. 21, 1903, 



Oct. 23, 1901, 
May 20, 1901, 
26, 1902, 
14, 1903, 
21, 1903, 
11, 1903, 
7, 1903, 



Jan. 



Feb. 
May 



June 
Feb. 
July 
Feb. 

May 
July 
Dec. 



14, 1901, 
13, 1902, 
21, 1902. 
11, 1903, 
18, 1903, 
7, 1903, 
9, 1903, 
30, 1903, 



H, 

C, 

A, 

I, 

B, 

E, 

G, 



C, 

I, 

F, 

A, 

G, 

B, 

H, 



I, 

C, 

P, 

B, 

G, 

H, 

E, 

A, 



1st Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 
2d Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 
2d Battalion. 
2d Battalion. 



1st Battalion. 
2d Battalion. 
2d Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 
2d Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 



2d Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 
2d Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 
2d Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 
2d Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 



Table No. 1. — Enrolled Militia of 1903, showing, by Counties, 
the Number of Persons between the Ages of Eighteen and Forty- 
five Years liable to Military Duty. 



COUNTIES. 


1903. 


COUNTIES. 


1903. 


Barnstable, .... 


2,706 


Middlesex, .... 


106,436 


Berkshire, .... 


15,292 


Nantucket, . . ■ . 


373 


Bristol, ..... 


42,291 


Norfolk, .... 


23,194 


Dukes, 


469 


Plymouth, .... 


23,275 


Essex, . . . 


66,570 


Suffolk, .... 


116,609 


Franklin 


6,525 


Worcester, .... 


57,750 


Hampden, .... 


25,011 








Hampshire, .... 


8,568 


Total 


495,069 



1904.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



215 



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216 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



Table No. 3. — Locations of Headquarters of Brigades, Regiments, 
Battalions and Armories of Companies, by Cities, Towns and 
Counties. 



City or Town. 


County. 


Headquarters. 


-t-3 

O 

a 

'Sb 

CO 

M 


Companies of 
I n f a n t r y , 
Heavy Ar- 
tillery and 
Naval Bri- 
gade. 


d-c 

o 

CO . 

22, h 


o 

& <v 
0) -p 


a 
o 
O 

5 
33 


u 

c 

S3 

^ Q. 
.Q t- 

< 


03 


Eh 


AdamB, . 


Berkshire, . 


- 


2d, 


M, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


Attleborough, 


Bristol, 


- 


5th, 


I, • • 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


Beverly, . 




Essex, . 


- 


8th, 


E, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


Boston, \ 




Suffolk, 


1st Corps Cadets, 


- 


A,B,C,D, 


- 


- 


- 


- 


4 


<< 




<< 


1st Brigade, 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


<i 




ii 


1st " 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1st, 


- 


1 


ii 




it 


2d " 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


(i 




ii 


2d " 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2d, 


i 


2 


<< 




ii 


IstRegt.H.Art., 


-i 


A,C,D,G, 
K, L, 


i - 


- 


- 


- 


6 


<< 




ii 


5th Regiment, . 


- 


A, H, 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2 


u 




(i 


6th " 


6th, 


L, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


«( 




ii 


8th «« 


8th, 


A, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


(1 




ii 


9th " 


-1 


A.B.C.D, 
E, H, I, 


I - 


- 


- 


- 


7 


tl 




ii 


1st Bat. Cavalry, 


- 


- 


A,D, 


- 


- 


- 


2 


II 




ii 


- 


- 


- 


- 


A, 


- 


- 


1 


(1 




ii 


Naval Brigade, . 


- 


A,B,C, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


3 


Brockton, 


Plymouth, . 


- 


1st, 


I, • • 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


Cambridge, . 


Middlesex, . 


- 


1st, 


B, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


K 


ii 


- 


5th, 


B, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


n 


ii 


- 


8th, 


C, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


Chelsea, . 


Suffolk, 


- 


1st, 


H, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


Clinton, . 


Worcester, . 


- 


9th, 


K, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


Concord, 


Middlesex, . 


- 


6th, 


I, 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


Everett, . 


ii 


- 


8th, 


B, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


Fall River, 


Bristol, 


- 


1st, 


M, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


ii i< / 


ii 


Naval Brigade, . 


- 


F, I, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2 


Fitchburg, 


Worcester, . 


- 


6th, 


B, D, 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2 


Framingham, . 


Middlesex, . 


- 


6th, 


E, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


Gloucester, . 


Essex, . 


- 


8th, 


G, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


Greenfield, 


Franklin, 


- 


2d, 


L, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


Haverhill, 


Essex, . 


- 


8th, 


F, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


Hingham, 


Plymouth, . 


- 


5th, 


K, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


Hudson, . 


Middlesex, . 


- 


5th, 


M, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 



1904.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



217 



Table No. 3 — Concluded. 



City or Town. 



County. 



Headquarters. 



g^K-GK 60 

a 



.2 >> 

Si 

§5 








a> 


03 


« 


a. 


a 


O 


OS 


u 






s p, 


a! 


-O f- 


60 


a£ 


02 


■* 



Holyoke, 
Lawrence, 



Lowell, . 
«< 

Lynn, . 

Maiden, . 

Marlborough, 

Medford, 

Milford, . 

New Bedford, 

Northampton, 

Newton, . 

Natick, . 

Orange, . 

Pittsfield, 

Plymouth, 

Salem, . 
it 

Somerville, 

Southbridge, . 

Springfield, . 
«< 

Stoneham, 

Taunton, 

Wakefield, . 

Waltham, 

Westford, 

Woburn, 

Worcester, 



Hampden, 
Essex, . 

<< 

«< 

Middlesex, 

Essex, . 
Middlesex, 



Worcester, 
Bristol, 
Hampshire, 
Middlesex, 
ii 

Franklin, 
Berkshire, 
Plymouth, 
Essex, . 
it 

Middlesex, 
(i 

Worcester, 

Hampden, 
it 

Middlesex, 

Bristol, 

Middlesex, 



Worcester, 



1st Bat. Lt. Art., 



2d Corps Cadets, 
8th Regiment, . 



2d Regiment, 



2d, D, 



9th, 



8th, 


L, . . 


9th, 


F, .' . 


6th, 


C, G, M, . 


9th, 


M, . . 


8th, 


D, I, E * . 


5th, 


L, . . 


6th, 


F, . . 


5th, 


E, . 


6th, 


M, . . 


1st, 


E, O.t . 


2d, 


I, • . 


5th, 


C, . . 


9th, 


L, . . 


2d, 


E, . . 


2d, 


F, . . 


5th, 


D, . . 


- 


A,B,C,D, 


8th, 


H, . . 


8th, 


M, . . 


8th, 


K, . . 


6th, 


K, . . 


2d, 


- 


2d, 


B,G,K,H,t 


6th, 


H, . . 


1st, 


F, . . 


6th, 


A, . . 


5th, 


F, . . 


5th, 


G, . . 


2d, 


A,C,H,K, 



G, • 



C, 



F,§ 



B, 



* Co. E, Naval Brigade. f Co. G, Naval Brigade. % Co. H, Naval Brigade. 
§ Detachment at Carlisle, Chelmsford and North Chelmsford. 



218 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



Table No. 4. — Allowances, Armory Bents, 1903. 







Amount re- 




Citt or Town. 


Organization. 


turned by 


Amount al- 






City or Town. 


lowed. 


Adams, . 


Co. M, Second Regiment Infantry, 


$900 00 


$400 00 


Attleborough, . 


I, Fifth " " 


720 00 


300 00 


Beverly, . 


E, Eighth " " 


400 00 


400 00 


Boston, 




Headquarters First Brigade, 


200 00 


200 00 


it 




" Second " 


954 00 


200 00 


ti 




" First Reg't Heavy Art., . 


200 00 


200 00 


it 




" Fifth " Infantry, . 


200 00 


200 00 


tt 




" Sixth " '< 


200 00 


200 00 


tt 




" Ninth " " 


200 00 


200 00 


tt 




" First Battalion Cavalry, 


200 00 


200 00 


a 




Co. A, First Reg't Heavy Artillery, . 


400 00 


400 00 


a 




Q it a it it 


400 00 


400 00 


it 




T) it it tt It 


400 00 


400 00 


a 




Q. tt ti tt <t 


400 00 


400 00 


a 




XT ti tt ti tt 


400 00 


400 00 


it 




L,' " " " " 


400 00 


400 00 


it 




A, Fifth " Infantry, 


1,200 00 


50 00 


tt 




H, " " " . 


400 00 


_-* 


a 




A, Ninth " " . 


400 00 


400 00 


it 




B, " « « . 


400 00 


400 00 


a 




Q a tt it 


400 00 


400 00 


a 




D,' " ft *( . 


400 00 


400 00 


a 




E, " " " . 


400 00 


400 00 


n 




H, " " '" 


400 00 


400 00 


a 




I, " " " . . 


400 00 


400 00 


it 




L, Sixth « « . 


1,325 00 


50 00 


a 




Headquarters and four companies, 










First Corps Cadets 


4,800 00 


1,800 00 


a 




Battery A, Light Artillery, . 


600 00 


600 00 


a 




Co. A, First Battalion Cavalry, . 


2,000 00 


600 00 


it 




D, " " " . . 


1,200 00 


500 00 


a 




A, Naval Brigade, .... 


400 00 


400 00 


a 




B, " " 


400 00 


400 00 


it 




C, " " .... 


400 00 


400 00 


it 




Signal Corps, First Brigade, 


200 00 


200 00 


tt 




" " Second " 


200 00 


200 00 


tt 




Ambulance Corps, .... 


300 00 


300 00 


Brockton, 


Co. I, First Reg't Heavy Artillery, . 


1,000 00 


_* 


Cambridge, 


B, " " ". " 


400 00 


316 66 


a 


B, Fifth Regiment Infantry, . 


400 00 


400 00 


a 


C, Eighth " " 


300 00 


316 66 


Carlisle, . 


Detachment F, Cavalry, 


75 00 


75 00 


Chelmsford, 


tt ~ y a 


300 00 


300 00 


Chelsea, . 


Co. H, First Reg't Heavy Artillery, . 


785 15 


400 00 


Clinton, . 


K s Ninth Regiment infantry, 


400 00 


400 00 


Concord, . 


I, Sixth " " 


400 00 


400 00 


Everett, . 


B, Eighth " " 


400 00 


400 00 


Fall River, 


Headquarters Naval Brigade, 


200 00 


200 00 


n a 


Co. F, Naval Brigade, .... 


400 00 


400 00 


it tt 


I " " ... 


400 00 


400 00 


tt a 


M, First Reg't Heavy Artillery, . 


600 00 


400 00 


Fitchburg, 


B, Sixth Regiment Infantry, . 


400 00 


400 00 


<< 


D, " " " . • 


400 00 


400 00 


Framingham, . 


E, " " " 


700 00 


200 00 


Gloucester, 


G, Eighth " " • 


1,000 00 


200 00 


Greenfield, 


L, Second " " 


400 00 


400 00 


Haverhill, 


F, Eighth " " 


680 00 


300 00 


Hingham, 


K, Fifth " " . 


400 00+ 


366 70 


Holyoke, . 


D, Second «« " 


400 00 


300 00 


Hudson, . 


M, Fifth " " 


400 00 


400 00 



* Nothing. 



t 11 months, 2 days (rate of 



1904.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



219 



Table No. 4 — Concluded. 







Amount re- 




City or Town. 


Organization. 


turned by 


Amount al- 






City or Town. 


lowed. 


Lawrence, 


Headquarters First Battalion Lt. Art., 


$200 00 


$200 00 


a 


Battery C, " " " " . 


600 i 00 


600 00 


K 


Co. F, Ninth Regiment Infantry, 


400 00 


400 00 


ii 


L, Eighth " " 


400 00 


400 00 


Lowell, 


C, Sixth " " 


400 00 


400 00 


ii 


G, " " " 


400 00 


400 00 


a 


M, Ninth " " 


400 00 


400 00 


Lynn, 


D, Eighth " " 


400 00 


400 00 


a 


T a '< << 


400 00 


400 00 


(( 


E, Naval Brigade, .... 


400 00 


400 00 


Maiden, . 


L, Fifth Regiment Infantry, . 


400 00 


400 00 


Marlborough, . 


F, Sixth " " 


300 00 


300 00 


Medford, . 


E, Fifth " « . 


800 00 


400 00 


Milford, . 


M, Sixth " " 


500 00 


400 00 


Natick, 


L, Ninth " " 


400 00 


200 00 


New Bedford, . 


E, First Regiment Heavy Art., . 


800 00 


400 00 


a a 


G, Naval Brigade, 


800 00 


100 00 


NeAvton, . 


C, Fifth Regiment Infantry, 


400 00 


400 00 


Northampton, . 


I, Second " " . 


400 00 


400 00 


Orange, . 


E, " " " 


400 00 


400 00 


Pittsfield, . 


p a a << 


500 00 


400 00 


Plymouth, 


d', Fifth " " '. '. 


800 00 


150 00 


Salem, 


Hdqrs. Eighth Regiment Infantry, . 


250 00 


_* 


a 


Co. H, " " " 


1,000 00 


200 00 


ti 


Headquarters and four companies, 








Second Corps Cadets, 


2,000 00 


1,500 00 


Somerville, 


Co. K, Eighth Regiment Infantry, 


400 00 


325 OOf 


a 


M, " " " 


400 00 


400 00 


Southbridge, . 


K, Sixth " «< 


400 00 


400 00 


Springfield, 


Hdqrs. Second Regiment Infantry, 


200 00 


200 00 


<< 


Co. B, " " " 


400 00 


400 00 


a 


G, " " " 


400 00 


400 00 


a 


K, " " " 


400 00 


400 00 


(< 


H, Naval Brigade, .... 


400 00 


400 00 


Stoneham, 


H , Sixth Regiment Infantry, 


600 00 


400 00 


Taunton, 


F, First Regiment Heavy Art., 


400 00 


400 00 


Wakefield, 


A, Sixth Regiment Infantry, 


600 00 


400 00 


Waltham, 


F, Fifth " " 


1,125 00 


400 00 


Westford, 


Detachment F, Cavalry, 


175 00 


175 00 


Woburn, 


Co. G, Fifth Regiment Infantry, 


400 00 


300 00 


Worcester, 


Battery B, First Battalion Light Art., 


600 00 


600 00 


a 


Co. A, Second Regiment Infantry, 


400 00 


400 00 


a 


C, " " " 


400 00 


400 00 


a 


H, " " " 


400 00 


400 00 


a 


G, Ninth " " 


400 00 


400 00 




$55,889 15 


$37,425 02 



* Nothing. 



t 9 months at $300, 3 months at 



1904-. 



GOYEEXOE A3TD STAFF. 



Governor and Commander-in-Chief. 
His Excellency JOHN L. BATES, .of Boston. 

Adjutant General. 
Brig. Gen. SAMUEL DALTON, of Boston. 

Assistant Adjutant General. 
Lt. Col. WILLIAM CURTIS CAPELLE, of Boston. 

Inspector General. 
Brig. Gen. WILLIAM H. BRIGHAM, .of Hudson. 

Inspector General of Rifle Practice. 
Col. JAMES G. WHITE, . of Newton. 

Assistant Inspectors General. 

Lt. Col. GEORGE H. BENYON, of Watertown. 

Lt. Col. WALTER C. HAGAR of Boston. 

Lt. Col. EDWARD H. GIHON, of Wakefield. 

Lt. Col. JOHN PERRINS, Jr of Boston. 

Lt. Col. CHARLES F. WONSON, of Gloucester. 

Lt. Col. JENNESS K. DEXTER, of Springfield. 

Surgeon General. 
Brig. Gen. ROBERT A. BLOOD, of Boston. 

Judge Adtocate General. 
Brig. Gen. HENRY S. DEWEY, of Boston. 

Commissary General. 
Brig. Gen. FREDERICK B. CARPENTER, .... of Boston. 

Assistant Quartermaster General. 
Maj. FRANK B. STEVENS, of Newton. 

Aides-de-Camp. 

Maj. HENRY HASTINGS, of Boston. 

Maj. CHARLES HAYDEN, of Nahant. 

Maj. AINSLEY R. HOOPER, of Boston. 

Maj. WILLIAM M. CLARKE, of Boston. 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

Report of the Adjutant General, 3-10 

Report of the Inspector General, 11-42 

Report of the Surgeon General 43-45 

Report of the Commissary General, 46-48 

Report of the Judge Advocate General, 50 

Report of the Board of Military Examiners, * 51 

Report of the Inspector General of Rifle Practice, 52-65 

Joint Manoeuvres at Fort Riley, 66-88 

Report of the Quartermaster General, 9, 10 

Reports of Commanding Officers M. V. M., 89-106 

Appendix: — 

Officers M. V. M., retired, 109-113 

Casualties (Officers), M. V. M., 114 

Commissions Vacant 114. 

Casualties (Enlisted Men), 115 

Register M. V. M., 116-201 

Roster M. V. M., 202-214 

Table No. 1, Enrolled Militia, . . . 214 

Table No. 2, Organization, M. V. M., 215 

Table No. 3, Location of Headquarters and Armories, 216, 217 

Table No. 4, Armory Rent Roll, 218, 219 

Governor and Staff, 1904, 220